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Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

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Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Prepared by: Taghreed Al-Attar. What is PMS ?. PMS is a group of physical and emotional symptoms that occur in many women (75%) from 2 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation. Causes. The exact cause is unknown, but several factors may contribute to PMS

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premenstrual syndrome pms

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

Prepared by: Taghreed Al-Attar

what is pms
What is PMS ?
  • PMS is a group of physical and emotional symptoms that occur in many women (75%) from 2 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation.
causes
Causes
  • The exact cause is unknown, but several factors may contribute to PMS
  • Hormonal changes seem to be important
  • Chemical changes in the brain (insufficient amounts of serotonin)
  • Low levels of vitamins and minerals
  • Stress may aggravate symptoms
the emotional symptoms
The emotional symptoms
  • Anger and irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Tension
  • Depression
  • Crying
  • Oversensitivity
  • Mood swings
the physical symptoms
The physical symptoms
  • Fatigue
  • Bloating (due to fluid retention)
  • Weight gain
  • Breast tenderness
  • Acne
  • Insomnia
  • Appetite changes with overeating or food cravings
treatment
Treatment
  • Healthy lifestyle
  • Variety of medications
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
healthy lifestyle
Healthy lifestyle
  • Exercise
  • Avoid salt before the menstrual period
  • Reduce caffeine intake
  • Do not smoke
  • Have a healthy nutrition
  • Reduce stress
complementary medicine
Complementary medicine
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium
  • Vitamin B-6
  • Vitamin E
  • Herbal remedies e.g ginger
pms at a glance
PMS at a glance
  • PMS is a set of specific physical and emotional features
  • Physical features include breast tenderness and bloating
  • Emotional changes may include anger and depression
slide10
Cont.
  • PMS occurs from 2 to 14 days before menstrual period
  • The causes may be related to hormonal and chemical changes
  • The most helpful diagnostic tool for PMS is a menstrual diary
  • Treatment of PMS includes healthy lifestyle and medications