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government. Institution and processes thought which public policies are made for a society. Public goods. Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must share. politics.

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Presentation Transcript


Public goods

Public goods made for a society



Politics

politics share


Government

The process by which we select our sharegov leaders and what policies these leaders pursue. Politics produces authoritative decisions about public issues



Government

All the activities shareised by citizens to influence the selection of the political leaders or policies they pursue.



Government

Groups that have a narrow interest, tend to dislike sharecompromise,andoftendraw a membershipfrom people new to politics.





The political channels though which proplr concerns become political issues on the policy agenda

The political channels though which time. proplr concerns become political issues on the policy agenda



Government

The issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actually involved inn politics at any given point in time


Public policy

Public policy officials and other people actually involved inn politics at any given point in time


Government

A choice that government makes in response to a political issue a policy is a course of action taken with regard.


Majority rule

Majority rule issue a policy is a course of action taken with regard.


A fundamental principle of traditional democratic theory

A fundamental principle of traditional democratic theory. issue a policy is a course of action taken with regard.


Minority rights

Minority rights issue a policy is a course of action taken with regard.


Government

A principle of traditional democratic theory that guarantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities and allow that they might join majorities through persuasion and reason


Representation

representation rights to those who do not belong to majorities and allow that they might join majorities through persuasion and reason


Government

A basic principle of traditional democratic theory that rights to those who do not belong to majorities and allow that they might join majorities through persuasion and reason descirbes the relationship between the few leaders and the many followers


Pluralist theory

Pluralist theory rights to those who do not belong to majorities and allow that they might join majorities through persuasion and reason


Government

A theory of government politics is mainly a competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies


Elite and class theory

Elite and class theory among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies


Government

A theory of among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policiesgov politics conteding that societies are ddivided along class lines and that an upperclass elite will rule regardless of the formal niceties of governmental orginazation.


Hyperpluralism

hyperpluralism among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies


A theory of gov and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakened

A theory of among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policiesgov and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakened


Constitution

Constitution among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies


Government

A nations basic law. It creates political institutions assigns or divides powers in a government and often provides certain guarantees to citizens


Declaration of independence

Declaration of independence assigns or divides powers in a government and often provides certain guarantees to citizens


Government

Documents approved by representatives of the assigns or divides powers in a government and often provides certain guarantees to citizensamerican colonies in 1776 that stated their grievances against the british monarch and declared their independence.


Natural rights

Natural rights assigns or divides powers in a government and often provides certain guarantees to citizens


Government

Rights inherent to human beings, not dependent governments, which include life, liberty, and property. Concepts come from philosopher John Locke.


Limited government

Limited government which include life, liberty, and property. Concepts come from philosopher John Locke.


Idea that certain restrictions should be placed on gov to protect natural rights of citizens

Idea that certain restrictions should be placed on which include life, liberty, and property. Concepts come from philosopher John Locke. gov to protect natural rights of citizens


Articles of confederation

Articles of Confederation which include life, liberty, and property. Concepts come from philosopher John Locke.


Government

The first constitution of the us. Articles established a national legislature, the continental congress, but most authority rested with the states.


Shay s rebellion

Shay’s Rebellion national legislature, the continental congress, but most authority rested with the states.


Government

A series of attacks on the courthouses by a small band of farmers led by revolutionary war captain Daniel Shay to block foreclosure proceedings


Factions

factions farmers led by revolutionary war captain Daniel Shay to block foreclosure proceedings


Government

Interest groups arising from the unequal distribution of property or wealth attacked in federalist paper NO. 10.


New jersey plan

New jersey plan property or wealth attacked in federalist paper NO. 10.


Government

Proposal at the constitutional convention that called for equal representation of each state in congress regardless of the states population


Virginia plan

Virginia plan equal representation of each state in congress regardless of the states population


Government

Proposal at constitutional convention that equal representation of each state in congress regardless of the states populationcalles for representation of each state in congress in proportion to the states share of us constitution.


Connecticut compromise

Connecticut compromise equal representation of each state in congress regardless of the states population


Government

Compromise at equal representation of each state in congress regardless of the states populationconsititutional convention that established two houses of congess: the house of representatives (representation based on population) and senate ( 2 representatives each)


Checks and balances

Checks and balances equal representation of each state in congress regardless of the states population


Government

Features of the constitution that limit governments power by requiring that that power be balanced among the different governmental institutions.


Seperation of powers

Seperation requiring that that power be balanced among the different governmental institutions. of powers


Government

Three branches of requiring that that power be balanced among the different governmental institutions.gov- executive, legislative, and judicial, -to be relitavely independent of the others so that one cannot control the others.


Federalist

federalist requiring that that power be balanced among the different governmental institutions.


Supporters of constitution james madison alexander hamilton john jay

Supporters of constitution– James requiring that that power be balanced among the different governmental institutions.madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay


Anti federalist

Anti federalist requiring that that power be balanced among the different governmental institutions.


Opponents of constitution thomas jefferson

Opponents of constitution– Thomas Jefferson requiring that that power be balanced among the different governmental institutions.


Bill of rights

Bill of Rights requiring that that power be balanced among the different governmental institutions.


Government

The first ten amendments to the constitution, drafted in response to some of the antifederalist concerns.


Marbury vs madison

Marbury response to some of the vsmadison


Government

1803-chief justice john response to some of the marshall and his associated first asserted the rights of the supreme court to determine the meaning of the us constitution. The decision established the courts power of judicial review.


Judicial review

Judicial review response to some of the


Government

Power of courts to determine whether acts of congress, and by implication the executive, are in accord with the us constitution.


Federalism

Federalism by implication the executive, are in accord with the us constitution.


Government

A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same land and people. System of shared power between units of government.


Unitary gov

Unitary government have formal authority over the same land and people. System of shared power between units of government.gov


Way of organizing gov so that all power resides in a central gov most common form of gov

Way of organizing government have formal authority over the same land and people. System of shared power between units of government.gov so that all power resides in a central gov. (most common form of gov.)


Intergovernmental relations

Intergovernmental relations government have formal authority over the same land and people. System of shared power between units of government.


Workings of the federal sytem the entire set of interactions among national state and local gov

Workings of the federal government have formal authority over the same land and people. System of shared power between units of government.sytem the entire set of interactions among national, state, and local gov.


Supremacy clause

Supremacy clause government have formal authority over the same land and people. System of shared power between units of government.


Government

Article 5 of constitution- constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when national gov is acting whithin its constitutional limits


Tenth amendment

Tenth amendment treaties supreme over state laws when national


Government

“powers not delegated to the us constitution, nor prohibited by stated, are reserved respectively to the people”


Mcculloch vs maryland

McCulloch prohibited by stated, are reserved respectively to the people”vs Maryland


Government

1819 supreme court decision that established the supremacy of the national government over the state gov. in deciding this case, chief justice john marshall and his colleaugues held that congress had certain implied powers in addition to the enumerated powers found in the constitution


Enumerated powers

Enumerated powers of the national government over the state


Government

Powers of the federal of the national government over the state gov. that are specifically addressed in the constitution; for congress, these powers are listed in article 1, section 8, and include the power to coin money, regulate its value, and impose taxes.


Implied powers

Implied powers of the national government over the state


Government

Powers of federal of the national government over the state gov that go beyond those enumerated poweers in the constitution. The constitution states that congress has the power to “ make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution”


Elastic clause

Elastic clause of the national government over the state


Government

The final paragraph of article 1, section 8 which authorizes congress to pass all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out enumerated powers


Dual federalism

Dual federalism congress to pass all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out enumerated powers


Government

System of congress to pass all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out enumerated powersgov. in which both the states and the national gov remain supreme within their own spheres, each responsible for some policies.


Cooperative federalism

Cooperative federalism congress to pass all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out enumerated powers


Government

System of congress to pass all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out enumerated powersgov in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national governments


Fiscal federalism

Fiscal federalism congress to pass all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out enumerated powers


Government

Pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system; it is the cornerstone of the national gov relations with the state abdkocal governments


Categorial grants

Categorial federal system; it is the cornerstone of the national grants


Government

Federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes, or “categories” of state and local spending. They come with strings attatched, such as nondiscrimination provision


Block grants

Block grants or “categories” of state and local spending. They come with strings


Government

Federal grants given more or less automatically to states or communities ti support broad programs in areas such as community develpoment and social services