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外研社 BOOK 8. Module 6. Modal Verb II. 1. should. 1) 应该,应当(可用于各种人称). You should do more English reading. I should make a telephone call to my father this evening. Have you considered how she should answer?. You should have answered his letter sooner. 2) 用在某些从句中,表示惊异、不以为然等情绪。.

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外研社 BOOK 8

Module 6

Modal Verb II


1. should

1)应该,应当(可用于各种人称)

You should do more English reading

I should make a telephone call to my father this evening.

Have you considered how she should answer?

You should have answered his letter sooner.

2)用在某些从句中,表示惊异、不以为然等情绪。

It’s strange that he should speak to you in that way.

It’s unfair that this should happen to me.


3) 用在某些从句中使口气显得婉转,态度显得谦和

(用于第一人称)。

I should be pleased to give such a lecture.

I should have asked you to give me some advice.

4) 用来表示一种可能

They should be there by now, I think.

Your idea should be very practical.

5) should (not) have done sth ought (not )to have done

用来表示“责备”, 即“本应该做某事而事实上并没有

做”,或者“本不应该做某事而实际上做了.”


You ought to (should) have been more careful in this

experiment.

He ought not to have thrown the old clothes away.

2.could

1)用来比较委婉地提出请求、疑问或看法。

Could you lend me your bike?

I could come earlier, if necessary.

Your plan could be practical but I will have to listen to

opinions of other people.


2)用于疑问句或否定句表示惊异、不相信等。

Oh, how could you be so careless?

The magazine is not on the desk now.

Who could have taken it?

What could have happened to her now?

3)could have done 用在肯定句中用来表示“本来能够

做某事”或用于虚拟语气。

你本来是可以向他求助的。

You could have asked him for help.


3. would

1)表示委婉地请求或建议

Would you please open the window for me?

Would you look after my daughter when I am away?

I would remind you that smoking is not allowed now.

2)表示过去习惯性的动作

After supper the old couple would go for a walk around

the lake.

In those days, they would come to see me every weekend.

She would sit by the window and look at people going by

the house.


4. shall

1)shall 用于第二、三人称的肯定句,表示说话人的意

思,有“允诺”、“警告”、“强制”、“威胁”等意思。

Tell him he shall have the book tomorrow.

“Half of his money shall go to the city of Venice,”

declared the judge.

2)shall 用于第一、三人称的疑问句,用来表示征询对方

意见或请求指示。

Where shall I wait for you?

Manager, someone is asking for you. Shall he come in?


EXX.

1.----- What’s the name?(06’北京卷)

----- Khulaifi._________ I spell that for you?

A. Shall B. Would C. Can D. Might

2. ------ I think I’ll give Bob a ring.(06’江苏卷)

------ You_______ .You haven’t been in touch with him

for ages.

A.will B may C. have to D. should

A

D


3. ----- Could I have a word with you, mum?(06’浙江卷)

----- Oh, dear, if you ______.

A.can B. must C. may D. should

4.If it were not for the fact that she _______ sing, I would

invite her to the party.(06’福建卷)

A.couldn’t B. shouldn’t C. can’t D. might not

B

C


C

5.The weather turned out to be fine yesterday. I _______

the trouble to carry my umbrella with me.(06’江西卷)

A.should have taken B. could have taken

C.needn’t have taken D. mustn’t have taken

6.Some aspects of a pilot’s job_______ be boring, and pilots

often _______ work at inconvenient hours.(06’湖南卷)

A.can; have to B. may; can

C. have to; may D. ought to; must


D

7. As you worked late yesterday, you______ have come this

morning. (06’陕西卷)

A. mayn’t B. can’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t



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