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Greene County JCPC Gang Identification and Prevention. Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Center for the Prevention of School Violence. NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence. Perceptions of Youth Gangs. 1. Most street gang members are juveniles.

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greene county jcpc gang identification and prevention

Greene County JCPCGang Identification and Prevention

Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Center for the Prevention of School Violence

perceptions of youth gangs

NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Perceptions of Youth Gangs

1. Most street gang members are juveniles.

False - The 2001 National Youth Gang

Survey reported that 67% of gang members

identified by law enforcement were

ages 18 or older.

*National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

perceptions of youth gangs1

NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Perceptions of Youth Gangs

2. Most youth gang members are members

for 1 year or less.

True - In areas with emerging gang

problems, most youth report being in the

gang for 1 year or less.

*National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

perceptions of youth gangs2

NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Perceptions of Youth Gangs

3. Over one-half million gang members

have been identified by police in U.S.

cities.

True - NYGC researchers estimate that

approximately 760,000 gang members in 24,000

gangs were active in the U.S. in 2004.

*National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

* National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

perceptions of youth gangs3

NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Perceptions of Youth Gangs

4. With few exceptions, youth gang

problems are an inner-city problem.

False - In the past few decades, there has been a

dramatic increase in the growth of gang problems

in rural and suburban areas, and small cities.

*National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

* National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

perceptions of youth gangs4

NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Perceptions of Youth Gangs

5. Once gangs emerge in small towns and

rural counties, they usually remain.

False – Smaller cities and suburban and

rural counties tend to report variable gang

problems.

*National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

perceptions of youth gangs5

NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Perceptions of Youth Gangs

6. Gang members migrate to other

communities primarily to establish drug

markets.

False – The most common reasons for migration

are social considerations, such as family

relocation, and to be near relatives and friends.

*National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

perceptions of youth gangs6

NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Perceptions of Youth Gangs

7. Most youth gangs are highly organized.

False – Most street gangs are only loosely

structured, with transient leadership, and

membership, easily transcended codes of loyalty,

and informal roles for membership.

*National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

perceptions of youth gangs7

NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Perceptions of Youth Gangs

8. Most youth gang members say they were forced to join a gang.

False – The two most common reasons youth

join gangs are social reasons and protection.

*National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

perceptions of youth gangs8

NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Perceptions of Youth Gangs

9. Youth gangs are heavily involved in both selling and operating drug distribution organizations.

False – Most drug distribution systems are

managed by adult drug cartels or syndicates,

traditional narcotic operatives, and by other adult

criminal organizations.

*National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

perceptions of youth gangs9

NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Perceptions of Youth Gangs

10. FBI definitions of a gang, gang member, and gang crime have been adopted by police departments nationwide.

False – There is no single, accepted nationwide

definition of youth gangs. Definitions are varied

within and across geographical areas.

*National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

perceptions of youth gangs10

NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Perceptions of Youth Gangs

11. In areas that have first experienced gang

problems in recent years, the largest

proportion of gang members is Caucasian.

True – The newest gang problem areas

(emergence within last 10 years) report having a

larger proportion of white gang members.

*National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

perceptions of youth gangs11

NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Perceptions of Youth Gangs

12. Most former gang members say they experienced serious physical consequences from their gang when they decided to quit.

False – Studies show former gang members, especially marginal and short-term members, left without complication or any serious consequences.

*National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

perceptions of youth gangs12

NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Perceptions of Youth Gangs

13. Educating youth on the consequences of gang involvement is an effective way to combat gang involvement.

True – Early prevention works.

*National Youth Gang Center, www.iir.com/nygc.

gang resources

NC DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Gang Resources

National Youth Gang Center (NYGC):

1. Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Gangs.

http://www.iir.com/nygc/faq.htm

2. National Youth Gang Survey Analyses

http://www.iir.com/nygc/nygsa

gangs national stat

DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Gangs-National Stat

The percentage of students reporting the presence of gangs at school increased from

21 to 24 percent between 2003 and 2005.

Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2006

http://nces.ed.gov/programs/crimeindicators/ind_08.asp

district 8 gang surveys

DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

District 8 Gang Surveys

Survey Methodology

  • 6th, 8th, 10th, and 12th graders in Greene, Lenoir, and Wayne Counties
  • Administered in November 2006
  • 786 surveys completed
  • Survey questions were from the Natl. Youth Gang Center; Community Guide
greene county gang surveys

DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Greene County Gang Surveys
  • 96 Surveys Completed
  • 51 Females (53.1%) and 40 Males (41.7%)
  • 5 students did not answer gender question (5.2%)
greene county gang surveys1

DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Greene County Gang Surveys

Primary/Biological Caregiver Living Arrangements of Students that Self-Reported Ever Being a Gang Member

greene county gang surveys2

DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Greene County Gang Surveys

Average Grades Earned-Average Grades of Self-Reported Total Sample (n=91) Gang Members (n=10)

Mostly F’s (3.1%) Mostly F’s (10%)

Mostly D’s (4.2%) Mostly D’s (0%)

Mostly C’s (28.1%) Mostly C’s (40%)

Mostly B’s (36.5%) Mostly B’s (20%)

Mostly A’s (22.9%) Mostly A’s (30%)

*5 students (5.2%) did not answer this question *2 self-reported gang members did not answer ques.

greene county gang surveys3

DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Greene County Gang Surveys

Relationship Between Self-Reporting Ever Being a Gang Member and Suspension from School, in the past 12 months

N=12 (who answered this question)

greene county gang surveys5

DJJDP - Center for the Prevention of School Violence

Greene County Gang Surveys

How often have gangs been involved in fights, attacks, or violence at your school in the past 6 months? (students, %)