Understand nurse aide skills needed to provide for residents ’ nutrition and hydration needs. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Understand nurse aide skills needed to provide for residents ’ nutrition and hydration needs. PowerPoint Presentation
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Understand nurse aide skills needed to provide for residents ’ nutrition and hydration needs.

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Understand nurse aide skills needed to provide for residents ’ nutrition and hydration needs.
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Understand nurse aide skills needed to provide for residents ’ nutrition and hydration needs.

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  1. Unit B Resident Care Skills Essential Standard NA6.0 Understand nurse aide skills needed to provide for residents’ nutrition, hydration, and elimination needs. Indicator 6.01 Understand nurse aide skills needed to provide for residents’ nutrition and hydration needs. Understand nurse aide skills needed to provide for residents’ nutrition and hydration needs. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  2. 6.01 Introduction • This indicator introduces the nurse aide to the basic principles of nutrition.It includes ChooseMyPlate.gov, therapeutic diets, adaptive devices, alternative methods of feeding, providing drinking water and nourishments, feeding a resident,and measuring/recording intake and output. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  3. There is intentional repeat of some HSII course content in Nursing Fundamentals. Repeating course content distributes learning over time and increases long term memory. Academic and skill competence must be maintained at a very high level for direct resident care. Be GREEN. Recycle knowledge and build on it! NursingFundamentals 7243

  4. Nutrients Food is broken down by the gastrointestinal system into small substances called nutrients. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  5. Nutrients Nutrients are absorbed into the body for use. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  6. Nutrients Protein Vitamins Carbohydrates Minerals Fats Water Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  7. Nutrient - Protein Builds and repairs tissue NUTRIENT Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  8. Nutrient - Carbohydrates • Supplies fuel for the body’s energy needs • Supplies fiber necessary for bowel elimination Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  9. Nutrients - Fat • Source of stored energy • Helps body use certain vitamins • Conserves body heat • Protects organs from injury • Holds kidneys place Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  10. Nutrients – Vitamins • Necessary for carrying out and maintaining specific body functions Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  11. Nutrients –Minerals • Necessary for carrying out and maintaining specific body functions Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  12. Nutrients - Water • The most essential nutrient for life • Without it a person can only live a few days • Assist in digestion and absorption of food • Helps maintain normal body temperature • Largest component of blood plasma Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  13. Nutrients No one food contains ALL the NUTRIENTS needed for good health. Soooooooooo . . . Eating a variety of foods is needed to sustain good health. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  14. Nutrition Guides Nutrition guides typically divide foods into food groups and recommend daily servings of each group for a healthy diet. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  15. Food Group A food group is a collection of foods that share similar nutritional properties or biological classifications. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  16. Vegetable Group Make half your plate fruits and vegetables. Vary your vegetables. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  17. Fruits Group • Make half your plate fruits and vegetables. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  18. Grains Group • Make at least half your grains whole grains. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  19. Protein Group • Make lean choices. • 51+ years old, need 5 ½ ozs. daily for men and 5 ozs. for women. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  20. Dairy Group • Switch to fat-free or low-fat (1%) milk. • Men and women over 51 years old need 3 cups of dairy group each day. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  21. ChooseMyPlate.gov Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  22. Dietary Guidelines for Americans Two overarching concepts: Maintain calorie balance over time to achieve and sustain a healthy weight. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  23. Calories A calorie is a unit of energy. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  24. Calories Taken from: How Stuff Works Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  25. Dietary Guidelines for Americans Two overarching concepts: Focus on consuming nutrient-densefoods and beverages. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  26. Nutrient Dense Foods that have high nutritional content as well as “energy” Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  27. Empty Calories Calories contained in food that provide “fuel” but few or no nutrients. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  28. Factors That Influence Caloric Need • Age • Sex • Size and activity level • Climate • State of health • Amount of sleep obtained Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  29. Effects of Good Nutrition • Promotes physical and mental health • Provides increased resistance to illness • Produces added energy and vitality • Aids in the healing process • Assists one to feel and sleep better Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  30. Signs of Good Nutrition • Healthy, shiny looking hair • Clean skin and bright eyes • A well-developed, healthy body • An alert facial expression • An even, pleasant disposition Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  31. Signs of Good Nutrition • Restful sleep patterns • Healthy appetite • Regular elimination habits • Appropriate body weight Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  32. Signs of Poor Nutrition • Hair and eyes appear dull • Irregular bowel habits • Weight changes • Osteoporosis and other diseases Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  33. Signs of Poor Nutrition Results of Poor Nutrition(continued) • Lack of interest - mental slowdown • Skin color and appearance poor Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  34. Anemia leading to: tired feeling shortness of breath increased pulse problems with digestion pale skin poor sleep patterns headaches Signs of Poor Nutrition Results of Poor Nutrition(continued) Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  35. Basic NutritionHave we got it?Let’s check and see Student Name A Student Name B Stick diagnostics Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  36. Influences on nutrition and dietary habits 1) Aging 2) Culture Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  37. Nutritional Challenges of Geriatrics • Metabolism slows muscles weaken body moves slow activity is reduced reduced activity decreases appetite. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  38. Nutritional Challenges of Geriatrics • Loss of vision affects the way food looks, which can decrease appetite. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  39. Nutritional Challenges of Geriatrics • The aging process and some medications weaken the sense of smell and tastewhich can decrease appetite. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  40. Nutritional Challenges of Geriatrics • Less saliva production affects chewing and swallowing. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  41. Nutritional Challenges of Geriatrics • Dentures and poor dental health make chewing difficult. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  42. Nutritional Challenges of Geriatrics • Digestion takes longer and it is less efficient. Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  43. Nutritional Challenges of Geriatrics • Constipation interferes with appetite. X Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  44. Factors Influencing Dietary Practices • Personal preference • Appetite • Finance • Illness • Culture Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  45. Culture and Dietary Practices • The diets of Chinese, Japanese, Koreans and people from Far East include rice and tea • The diets of Spanish-speaking people include spicy dishes containing rice, beans and corn Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  46. Culture and Dietary Practices Culture and Dietary Practices(continued) • The Italian diet includes spaghetti, lasagna, and other pastas • Scandinavians have a lot of fish in their diets Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  47. Culture and Dietary Practices Culture and Dietary Practices(continued) • Americans eat a lot of meat, fast foods, and processed foods • Use of sauce and spices are culturally related Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  48. Days of fasting when all or certain foods are avoided Christian Science - avoid coffee/tea and alcohol Roman Catholic - avoid food one hour before communion, observe special fast days Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  49. Muslim/Moslem - avoid alcohol, pork products • 7th Day Adventist - avoid coffee/tea, alcohol, pork and some meats, caffeine Nursing Fundamentals 7243

  50. Baptists – some avoid coffee, tea and alcohol • Greek Orthodox - fast days, but usually “forgiven” when ill Nursing Fundamentals 7243