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赛事. List of Tennis Tournaments. Key Words. tournament 锦标赛,联赛 The Four Grand Slam 四大满贯 ITF : International Tennis Federation 国际网球联合会,网联 ATP : Association of Tennis Professionals 职业男子网球联合会 WTA : Women‘s Tennis Association tour 女子职业网球协会.

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List of Tennis



Key Words



The Four Grand Slam


ITF :International Tennis Federation


ATP :Association of Tennis Professionals


WTA :Women‘s Tennis Association tour



The Main Organizations

★ ITF (International Tennis Federation 国际网球联合会,网联)


Duties: 1.It‘s responsible for all matters relating to tennis tournament;

2.Develop and modify rules of tennis;

3.Open training courses fortennis coaches of developing countries;

4.Coordinate matches of Juniors , Adult and Seniors.

★ ATP (Association of Tennis Professionals职业男子网球联合会)

HQ: America

Duties: 1. Coordinate the partnership between professional players and events;

2.Organizing and managing professional players’ score, ranking, bonus


3.Set out rules and the granting or cancel qualification

★ WTA (Women‘s Tennis Association tour女子职业网球协会)

HQ: Florida

Duties:it’s responsible for all matters about the players




☆ The Four Grand Slam



☆Davis Cup (men’s)


☆Fed Cup (women’s)


☆Hopman Cup (mixed teams)



What is Grand Slam ?

The four Grand Slam tournaments, also called the Majors, are the most important tennis events of the year in terms of world ranking points, tradition, prize-money awarded, and public attention. They are:Australian Open 、French Open 、Wimbledon 、US Open.

A singles player or doubles team that wins all four Slam tournaments in the same year is said to have achieved the Grand Slam. If the player or team wins all four consecutively, but not in the same calendar year, it is called a Non-Calendar Year Grand Slam. Winning all four at some point in a career, even if not consecutively, is referred to as a Career Grand Slam, while winning the four majors and a gold medal in tennis at the Summer Olympics has been called a Golden Slam since 1988, when Steffi Graf accomplished that feat in a single calendar year.


■Australian Open .Sunshine

Australian Open is the youngest one of the Four Grand Slam. It began in 1905. The competition is held annually from January to February in Melbourne, Australia National Tennis Center. In 1968l, it was listed as one of the four Opens. It is the same as the U.S. Open with a hard tennis court, which is helping for the base line driving、top spin or

back spin.

Australian position itself as the Grand Slam in Asia Pacific region and encourage more Asian players to participate. The central court --- Laver Stadium has a retractable roof and seating to accommodate 10000 people. The Australian Open during a time when the local summer, the players must have the

stamina to cope with.


■French Open. Fairy Tales

French Open began in 1891. It usually starts from late May turn to early June each year. Competition will take place in a Large stadium which is named Roland Garros in the west of Paris. Since it became the court of the French Open in 1927, it has been the Holy Land for the

Word-famous tennis players.

French Open's clay is the red paradise that many players dream of. The red clay is suitable for bottom-line-type players. So, a match often can play for four to five hours. In this kind of site ,players are quite difficult to win, they need to have superior skills and

lasting endurance.


■Wimbledon Open. Epic

Wimbledon Open is the oldest and most prestigious one of the four Opens. It was founded in 1877. The grass pitches

are Wimbledon’s features. Play the ball

on the grass, the ball goes faster. There

is almost no arc and very low-lying when the ball falls to the grass.

To play in the Wimbledon grass, players must have a kind of strong offensive-mind. The winners are almost the players who are tactical flexible. Audience are quite enjoyable here.


■ U.S. Open. Blues

U.S. Open began in 1881, Newport, Rhode Island in the United States .It is usually held between August to September. The site is hard-surfaced pitches. Such kind of pitches reflect speed and power. To win the race, the athletes must have a good physical condition.

The U.S. Open attracts many players to participate. Although its influence is not as wide as Wimbledon Open, but its higher than the Australian Open or French Open.


The Tournaments Arranged by ATP

★The Masters

★International Series Gold

★international tournament



The Tournaments Arranged by ATP

The Women's Tennis Association (WTA) divides the main women's tournaments into several categories.

Premier Tournaments is a new category for tennis tournaments on the 2009 WTA Tour.

The Premier Tournaments are replacing Tier I and Tier II events except that the number of those tournaments is being reduced to 20 (from 26 Tier I/II events). Tier III and IV are replaced with the International Tournaments category.




握拍法 : grip

正手击球 : fore hand

反手击球 : back hand

正手挥拍 : forehand swings

反手挥拍 : backhand swings

环状引拍 : circular backswing

直线引拍 : flat backswing

发球 : service or serve

抛球 : ball toss

抽球: drive

截击 : volley

平击球 : flat

上旋球 : top spin

下旋球 : back spin

随挥 : finish

步法 : foot work

转体 : nip rotation

拍面角度 : vertical face

网球拍 : racket

拍柄粗细 : grip size

拍框厚度 : construction

材料构成 : composition

开放式站位 : open stance

关闭式站位 : closed stance

上网型球员 : net player

拍颈 : throat

拍柄 : handle

缠把 : grip

拍面 : racket face

直线球: down the line shot

斜线球 : crosscourt shot

进攻 : attack

落点 : placement

钛金属 : titanium

碳纤维 : graphite

玻璃纤维 : fiberglass



分 : point

局 : game

盘 : set

局点 : game point

盘点 : set point

赛点 : match point

破发点 : break point

0分 : love

15分 : fifteen

30分 : thirty

40分 : forty

15平 : fifteen all

平分 : deuce

占先 : advantage

发球占先 : advantage server

接发球占先 :advantage receiver

名次 : ranking

球童 : ball boy (ball kids)

主裁判 : chair umpaire

司线员 : linesmen

司网裁判 : net ,cord judge

脚误裁判 : foot fault judge

比赛开始 : play ball

两跳 : not up

交换发球 : change service

交换场地: change sides

三盘两胜 : the best of three

五盘三胜 : the best of five

第一轮 : the first round

四分之一决赛 : quarterfinals

半决赛 : semifinals

预赛 : qualifying matches

决赛 : final

单打 : singles

双打 : doubles

混双 : mixed doubles

抢7局 : tie-break

外卡 : wild card ( WC )

种子选手 : seeded players

正选选手 : main draw players

球穿网 through

平局决胜制 tie-break

时间到 time

抛球、挑边 toss

强烈旋转球 twist

截击、拦网 volley

收拍 wind up