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PAKISTAN. A Country Study. Do now: pg 12. Answer the following in your notebook: What do you “know” about Pakistan? Describe what you think Pakistan looks like: What have you heard about Pakistan in the news? . A few facts about Pakistan.

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A Country Study

Do now pg 12
Do now: pg 12

  • Answer the following in your notebook:

  • What do you “know” about Pakistan?

  • Describe what you think Pakistan looks like:

  • What have you heard about Pakistan in the news?

A few facts about pakistan
A few facts about Pakistan

  • Pakistan emerged as an independent sovereign state on August 14th 1947.

  • Capital City: Islamabad

  • Located between Afghanistan and

    India ( Asia)

  • Language: Urdu (National) English (official)

  • Divided into 4 provinces: Sindh, Punjab, North West Frontier Province, and Balochistan.

A few facts continued
A few facts… continued.

  • Pakistan relies on its network of canals to run its agricultural economy.

  • Major Crops: Wheat, cotton, rice, millet, sugar canes.

  • Major Fruits: mangos, oranges, bananas, apples

  • Main Resources: natural gas, coal, salt & iron.

  • Cotton, textiles, sugar, cement & chemicals play an important role in the economy.


  • The President is elected for a 5 year term by the electoral college.

  • Pakistan also has upper house/lower house

  • The President MUST be Muslim.

  • The President may be reelected but for no more than two consecutive terms.

Who s who in pakistan s government today
Who’s who in Pakistan’s Government Today:

President: Asif Ali Zadari

Prime Minister: Yousaf Rasa Gilani

Chairman of the Senate: FarooqHamidNaek


  • 97% of all Pakistanis are Muslims.

  • 77% of the population are Sunni Muslims.

  • 20% are adherents of Shia Islam.

  • Christians, Hindus and other religions make up only 1%.

  • The central belief of Islam is that there is one God, Allah and the prophet, Mohammed is his final messenger.

  • Islam is derived from the Judeo-Christian tradition and considers Abraham and Jesus as prophets.

  • The Islamic religion recognizes both the Old & New Testaments.


  • Education is Pakistan is very poor.

  • The government only sets aside 3%of the annual budget for education.

  • There are three types of schools: Private for the wealthy, Public which is government run, and Religious schools.

  • The government run schools do not teach English and many of them exist only on paper.

  • Many poor families try to send their children to Private schools for the public ones are so terrible.

  • The Pakistani government estimates the literacy rate of Pakistan to be at 47% but outside spectators beg to differ claiming the rate must be around 20%.

Religion continued
Religion continued…

  • The Quran is the holy scripture of Islam and is recognized as the holy word of God.

  • The Muslim people follow the Five Pillars:1. Shahada: (testimony) “There is no god but God, and Mohammad is his Prophet.”2. Salat: Mulims must pray five times a day.3. Zakat: The obligation to provide alms for the poor and disadvantaged.4. Sawm: The obligation to fast from sunrise to sunset during Ramadan.5. Hajj: The pilgrimage to Mecca, this must be done at least once in an adult Muslim’s lifetime. The pilgrimage occurs during the last month of the Muslim lunar calender.

Women in pakistan
Women in Pakistan

  • Pakistani women are considered subordinate to men.

  • A women’s actions are held responsible for the reputation of the family.

  • Women live under the constraints of veiling.

  • Women spend most of their lives in their homes and can only go out for serious and approved reasons.

  • If a women has a small job their income is credited to their husband or man of the house.


  • The major news agencies in Pakistan are the Associated Press of Pakistan and Pakistan Press International.

  • The Government took over The Associated Press of Pakistan in 1960.

  • Radio is an effective method for spreading news in Pakistan because the literacy rate is not as high as it is in countries like the United States.

  • By the mid 1990’s television reached 80% of the Pakistan population.

Media continued
Media continued…

  • Until 1990 the government owned Pakistan Television Corporation was the only channel available. PTV then bought Cable News Network (CNN) to Pakistan.

  • The government owned t.v channels and newspapers show ideas from the governments view point.

  • There are a lot of restrictions in the media, frequently controversial songs are banned from the radio.

  • The government required women to wear scarves over their heads during newscasts and other television shows.

Top stories in pakistan today
Top Stories in Pakistan Today

  • Flour Giveaway in Pakistan Turns Into Deadly Stampede. (CNN) 18 women are dead after a mob scene broke out at a flour giveaway in Karachi.

  • US Missile Strike Kills Four in Pakistan (LA Times). An unmanned US plane fired a missile and hit a moving car killing four citizens of Pakistan by the Afgan border.

  • Pakistan Army Said to Be Linked to Swat Killings (NY Times). Hundreds of dead bodies are being dumped onto the streets locals and politicians believe it to be the work of the army because of their desire to “silence any enthusiasm of Taliban supporters.

Pakistan and the millennium development goals
Pakistan and the Millennium Development Goals

Here is the progress Pakistan has made in reaching the Millennium Development Goals:

-Nearly 1.4 million children have been enrolled in primary school.

-9,121 community based schools have been established.

-1.4 million women have been trained different techniques to save children from dehydration.

-300,000 women and children have received vaccinations.

-9,000 adult literacy centers have been established.

-Volunteers from more than 30,000 villages have been enlisted to help support human development at the grassroots level.

This information was found on the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals Website.


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