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Fiction of the Network Society . Day 4: Space of Flows: Manual Castells. Today. Problems Network Society Space of flows vs. space of places. Problems with Network Society.

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Fiction of the network society

Fiction of the Network Society

Day 4: Space of Flows:

Manual Castells


Today
Today

  • Problems Network Society

  • Space of flows vs. space of places


Problems with network society
Problems with Network Society

  • People no longer primarily see selves as part of city, nation or state; they identify as individuals or as part of limited groups

  • The influence of the network makes physical places less important

  • Both political institutions and public sphere break down


Castells
Castells

  • “[Metropolitan regions] become nodes in global networks of cities. Indeed, advanced telecommunications, the internet, and fast computerized transportation systems allow for a simultaneous spatial concentration in huge areas and thus for decentralization. Therefore these systems are producing a new geography of networks and urban nodes throughout the world, throughout countries, between metropolitan areas, and within metropolitan areas” (550).


Fiction of the network society
How do individuals create meaning for themselves in a world where people no longer identify primarily as “an Ohioan” or “a Daytonian”?

  • These older forms of identity gave people a “language” to connect with one another

  • Even if society was a group of competing interest groups (Catholics, working class, business owners), these groups could communicate because they perceived themselves as having a shared identity

  • For Castells, this is lost in Network Society


Public sphere political institutions
Public sphere, political institutions where people no longer identify primarily as

  • political institutions In the past, people would think of themselves as directly connected to their government—they believed that government represented their needs

  • Public sphere Similarly, they believed that newspapers provided them with a sense of shared public debate


These places are all linked together and as a result are less important individually
These places are all linked together, and as a result are less important individually

Waynesville

Dayton

Cincinnati

Beavercreek


Space of flows
Space of flows less important individually

  • “separate locations are linked up electronically in an interactive network that connects people and activities in different geographical contexts” (554)


Space of flows1
Space of flows less important individually

  • In fact, they become nodes in global networks of cities. Indeed, advanced telecommunications, the internet, and fast computerized transportation systems (includes planes, trains, ships) allow for a simultaneous spatial concentration in huge areas. These systems are introducing a new geography of networks and urban nodes throughout countries, between metropolitan areas, and within metro areas (550)

  • E.g someone moving to Dayton likely from 1) Southern CA, Colorado, San Antonio—re: bases there


Physical space is shaped by communication transportation and telecommunications systems
Physical space is shaped by “communication, transportation, and telecommunications systems”

  • Thinking back to both A Visit from the Goon Squad and “Woman Hollering Creek,” where do we see this happening?


Space of places
Space of places transportation, and telecommunications systems”

Mural, North Dayton

Potter’s Towing, North Dayton

Polish Club, North Dayton


Some people are left out
Some people are left out transportation, and telecommunications systems”

  • “The higher the value of people and places, the more they are connected in interactive networks; the lower their value, the lower their connectivity. In exteme cases, some of the places are by-passed by the new geography of segregation. [The infrastructure of these places] reinforces their isolation/segregation” (551)

  • Cleofilas

  • People cleaning up after Scotty Hausman concert


Individualization
Individualization transportation, and telecommunications systems”

  • Personality—as a result of consumer culture—now reigns supreme

    • Think of “likes” on Facebook

    • How do these present you as an “individual”

    • How important is it for you to think of yourself as an “individual”?

    • What are the ways that you symbolize your individuality to yourself?


Individualization1
Individualization transportation, and telecommunications systems”

  • Best explained by “Goon Squad,” with masses of people making their own chioces—what a character in Zero History will call “the industrialization of novelty”


Communalism
Communalism transportation, and telecommunications systems”

  • Flip side: communalism—identities that give one “system of values and beliefs to which all other sources of identity are subordinated

    • Both “Liberal” and “Christian” can function this way

    • “Me and my group, and my culture, and I do not know anything about the rest” (555)

    • City in earlier era—forced different kinds of people to mix together, learn something about one another


These spaces intersect
These spaces intersect transportation, and telecommunications systems”

  • Problem becomes: how does one live in the space of places if one is constantly connected to flows from elsewhere?


Network examples
Network examples transportation, and telecommunications systems”

  • Hybrid of offline and online sociability

  • Change from patriarchal (nuclear) family to networks of individualized units

  • Network enterprise

  • Multicultural cities

  • Global criminal economy


Interface space of flows space of places
Interface space of flows, space of places transportation, and telecommunications systems”

  • Coming together around concert

  • Flash mobs

  • Spontaneous gatherings friends via text, social media


Virtual and physical communities work together 550
Virtual and physical communities work together (550) transportation, and telecommunications systems”

  • --as in Visit from the Goon Squad

  • “hybrid pattern of sociability” (550)

  • Not “what is this,” but “why is this important”?