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The Underlying Theories of Precede-Proceed Model. Understanding Causal Assumptions and Intervention Assumptions. Prototype of Causal Models and Intervention Models. Problem Theory: Causes->->->->->->->Effects. INPUTS ( educational, organizational economic, etc.). OUTPUTS

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the underlying theories of precede proceed model

The Underlying Theories of Precede-Proceed Model

Understanding Causal Assumptions and Intervention Assumptions

slide2

Prototype of Causal Models and Intervention Models

Problem Theory: Causes->->->->->->->Effects

INPUTS

(educational,

organizational

economic, etc.)

OUTPUTS

(health, quality

of life, develop-ment)

X ?

Different models interpret the content of “X?” according to different theories (or assumptions) about causation and control.

examples of causal theories on which precede proceed is based
Examples of Causal Theories on Which PRECEDE-PROCEED is Based
  • Psychological theories in which X includes behavior, and its antecedents such as attitudes, beliefs, perceptions, and other cognitive variables
  • Sociological theories in which X includes organizational functioning and interorganizational exchange and coalitions.
  • Economic theories in which X includes consumer behavior and organizational response to consumer demand.
  • Pathophysiological theories in which X includes organisms or environmental exposure processes.
action theory and program theory use causal theories to link interventions outcomes
Action Theory and Program Theory Use Causal Theories to Link Interventions & Outcomes

Action Theory and Program Theory Use Causal

Theories to Link Intervention and Outcomes

Intervention Variable

Ca

usa

l Variable

Outcome

Variable

Action Theory

Program Theory

Success

Success

*Action Theory and Conceptual Theory Intervention Evaluation Model. Chen 1990. p. 200

mediating and moderating variables
Mediating and Moderating Variables

Mediator

Intervention

Outcome

Variable

Variable

Mediator

Moderator

slide6

Prototype of the Resource-Based Planning Approach*

1. Select Resource or

Service to be Studied

4. Evaluate Use of the

Resource or Service

2. Assess Demand

for the Resource or

Service

3. Increase Resource

or Increase Demand

*A procedural model, as distinct from a causal model.

slide7

Strengthening Population-based,

Diagnostic Planning Approaches*

Participatory

Research

1. Assess Needs, Assets

of Population

2. Assess Causes,

Set Priorities

& Objectives

4. Evaluate

Program

Reassess causes

Redesign

3. Design and

Implement Program

*Green & Kreuter, Health Promotion Planning, 3rd ed., Mayfield, 1999.

surveillance planning and evaluating for policy and action precede proceed model

Phase 5

Administrative &

policy assessment

Phase 4

Educational &

ecological

assessment

Phase 2

Epidemiological

assessment

Phase 1

Social

assessment

Phase 3

Behavioral &

environmental

assessment

Predisposing

Public

Health

Health

education

Behavior

Reinforcing

Quality of

life

Health

Policy

regulation

organization

Environment

Enabling

Surveillance, Planning and Evaluating for Policy and Action: PRECEDE-PROCEED MODEL*

Phase 6

Implementation

Phase 7

Process evaluation

Phase 8

Impact evaluation

Phase 9

Outcome evaluation

Input

Process

Short-term

social impact

Output

Short-term

impact

Longer-term

health outcome

Long-term

social impact

*Green & Kreuter, Health Promotion Planning, 3rd ed., 1999.