slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The Neuron REVIEW GAME

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 79

The Neuron REVIEW GAME - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 126 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Neuron REVIEW GAME. See also the NOTES documents posted online at our wikispace , the online self-quizzes posted at our wikispace , and all assignments and materials related to cell structure (Cells Alive!!! Assignment!!!), and to diffusion and osmosis (LABS!!!).

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Neuron REVIEW GAME' - fergus


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1
The NeuronREVIEW GAME

See also the NOTES documents posted online at our wikispace, the online self-quizzes posted at our wikispace,and all assignments and materials related to cell structure (Cells Alive!!! Assignment!!!), and to diffusion and osmosis (LABS!!!)

slide3
Identify each of the labeled structures of the neuron below.

A. dendrites

B. nucleus

C. cell body

D. axon

E. axon endings

F. nodes of Ranvier

G. Schwann cells/myelin sheath

slide4
Fill in the blanks in the sentences below with the NAME of the STRUCTURE of a NEURON that provides the described FUNCTION.

The ___________ of a neuron contains the DNA and is the “control center” of the cell.

The ___________ of a neuron contains the nucleus and most of the cellular organelles.

slide5
Fill in the blanks in the sentences below with the NAME of the STRUCTURE of a NEURON that provides the described FUNCTION.

The nucleusof a neuron contains the DNA and is the “control center” of the cell.

The cell body of a neuron contains the nucleus and most of the cellular organelles.

slide6
Fill in the blanks in the sentence below with the NAME of the STRUCTURE of a NEURON that provides the described FUNCTION.

Signals “come in” to the neuron through the ________, and travel “out” of the neuron along the ________, at the end of which the __________ contact the next neuron in the communication chain.

slide7
Fill in the blanks in the sentence below with the NAME of the STRUCTURE of a NEURON that provides the described FUNCTION.

Signals “come in” to the neuron through the dendrites, and travel “out” of the neuron along the axon, at the end of which the axon endings contact the next neuron in the communication chain.

which of the following do not have a cell wall plant cells bacterial cells fungi animal cells
Which of the following do NOT have a cell wall? 

plant cells

bacterial cells

Fungi

animal cells

which of the following do not have a cell wall plant cells bacterial cells fungi animal cells1
Which of the following do NOT have a cell wall? 

plant cells

bacterial cells

Fungi

animal cells

slide10
The plasma membrane is composed of

 a single layer of proteins

a phospholipid bi-layer

a carbohydrate bi-layer

a single layer of lipids

slide11
The plasma membrane is composed of

 a single layer of proteins

a phospholipid bi-layer

a carbohydrate bi-layer

a single layer of lipids

slide14
Which of the following is the energy supplier in eukaryotic cells; this organelle contains its own DNA

Lysosome

Mitochondria

Golgi apparatus

endoplasmic reticulum

ribosome

slide15
Which of the following is the energy supplier in eukaryotic cells; this organelle contains its own DNA

Lysosome

Mitochondria

Golgi apparatus

endoplasmic reticulum

ribosome

slide16
This organelle is found in animal cells and is used in cell division; the spindle fibers attach to it. 

vacuole

chloroplast

nucleus

ribosome

centriole

slide17
This organelle is found in animal cells and is used in cell division; the spindle fibers attach to it. 

vacuole

chloroplast

nucleus

ribosome

centriole

slide18
Which of the following is an enzyme filled organelle for breaking down waste in the cell?

Lysosome

Chloroplast

Mitochondria

Golgi body

slide19
Which of the following is an enzyme filled organelle for breaking down waste in the cell?

Lysosome

Chloroplast

Mitochondria

Golgi body

the major job of the ribosome is to make fats make proteins break down proteins make sugars
The major job of the ribosome is to 

make fats

make proteins

break down proteins

make sugars

the major job of the ribosome is to make fats make proteins break down proteins make sugars1
The major job of the ribosome is to 

make fats

make proteins

break down proteins

make sugars

slide22
What is a semi-permeable membrane?

 A membrane that allows all molecules to pass through.

A membrane that is different on each side.

A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but not others.

A membrane that doesn't allow any molecules to pass through.

slide23
What is a semi-permeable membrane?

 A membrane that allows all molecules to pass through.

A membrane that is different on each side.

A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but not others.

A membrane that doesn't allow any molecules to pass through.

slide24
The STRUCTURE of the plasma membrane is best described as 

a single lipid layer

an impenetrable barrier.

a rigid, strong layer protecting the cell

a lipid bi-layer.

slide25
The STRUCTURE of the plasma membrane is best described as 

a single lipid layer

an impenetrable barrier.

a rigid, strong layer protecting the cell

a lipid bi-layer.

slide26
The plasma membrane is referred to as a “fluid mosaic” because it is made up of

a) phospholipids and cellulose

b) nucleic acids and proteins

c) phospholipids and proteins

d) proteins and cellulose

slide27
The plasma membrane is referred to as a “fluid mosaic” because it is made up of

a) phospholipids and cellulose

b) nucleic acids and proteins

c) phospholipids and proteins

d) proteins and cellulose

slide28
Plasma membranes are “selectively permeable”. This statement means that

a) No substances can enter or exit the cell through the plasma membrane.

b) The plasma membrane allows some substances to enter or exit a cell more easily than others.

c) All substances are able to enter or exit the cell through the plasma membrane.

d) It is random chance whether a molecule can or cannot enter or exit the cell through the plasma membrane.

slide29
Plasma membranes are “selectively permeable”. This statement means that

a) No substances can enter or exit the cell through the plasma membrane.

b) The plasma membrane allows some substances to enter or exit a cell more easily than others.

c) All substances are able to enter or exit the cell through the plasma membrane.

d) It is random chance whether a molecule can or cannot enter or exit the cell through the plasma membrane.

slide30
Which of the following will pass through a cell membrane most easily?

small polar molecules

small non-polar molecules

large polar molecules

large non-polar molecules

large neutral molecules

slide31
Which of the following will pass through a cell membrane most easily?

small polar molecules

small non-polar molecules

large polar molecules

large non-polar molecules

large neutral molecules

slide32
For each of following molecules, indicate whether it CAN or CANNOTpass through the phospholipid bilayer of the plasma membrane by simple diffusion.

Then, for EACH molecule EXPLAIN WHY it can or cannot pass through based upon the SIZE and CHARGE characteristics of the molecule.

CO2:

O2:

H2O:

C6H12O6:

K+ :

Na+ :

Ca2+:

slide33
For each of following molecules, indicate whether it CAN or CANNOT pass through the phospholipid bilayer of the plasma membrane by simple diffusion.

Then, for EACH molecule EXPLAIN WHY it can or cannot pass through based upon the SIZE and CHARGE characteristics of the molecule.

CO2: YES! It CAN! It’s both SMALLand NONPOLAR (hydrophobic)!

O2: YES! It CAN! It’s both SMALLand NONPOLAR (hydrophobic)!

H2O: WATER!!! NO! It CANNOT! Yes, it’s SMALL, but it is POLAR (hydrophilic)!

C6H12O6: GLUCOSE!!! NO! It CANNOT! It’s both LARGE and POLAR (hydrophilic)!

K+: NO! It CANNOT! Yes, it’s SMALL, but it is an ION with a CHARGE (hydrophilic)!

Na+: NO! It CANNOT! Yes, it’s SMALL, but it is an ION with a CHARGE (hydrophilic)!

Ca2+: NO! It CANNOT! Yes, it’s SMALL, but it is an ION with a CHARGE (hydrophilic)!

slide34
Simple diffusion is defined as the movement of

molecules from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration.

molecules from areas of lower concentration to areas of higher concentration.

water molecules across a membrane.

gas molecules across a membrane.

gas or water molecules across a membrane.

slide35
Simple diffusion is defined as the movement of

molecules from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration.

molecules from areas of lower concentration to areas of higher concentration.

water molecules across a membrane.

gas molecules across a membrane.

gas or water molecules across a membrane.

slide36
The rate of diffusion is affected by which of the following?

Temperature

Size of molecules

Steepness of the concentration gradient

A, B and C

slide37
The rate of diffusion is affected by which of the following?

Temperature

Size of molecules

Steepness of the concentration gradient

A, B and C

slide38
When the process of diffusion reaches an equilibrium state:

the movement of all molecules stops completely

molecules continue to move but in equal parts

a hypertonic solution is formed

none of the above

slide39
When the process of diffusion reaches an equilibrium state:

the movement of all molecules stops completely

molecules continue to move but in equal parts

a hypertonic solution is formed

none of the above

slide40
Which of the following statements regarding simple diffusion is TRUE?

a) Simple diffusion uses ATP as an energy source.

b) Simple diffusion can move a solute against its concentration gradient.

c) Simple diffusion is driven by the potential energy represented by a concentration gradient.

d) None of the above

slide41
Which of the following statements regarding simple diffusion is TRUE?

a) Simple diffusion uses ATP as an energy source.

b) Simple diffusion can move a solute against its concentration gradient.

c) Simple diffusion is driven by the potential energy represented by a concentration gradient.

d) None of the above

slide42
Which of the following statements regarding active transport is TRUE?

a) Active transport uses ATP as an energy source.

b) Active transport can move a solute against its concentration gradient.

c) Active transport requires the cell to expend energy.

d) All of the above

slide43
Which of the following statements regarding active transport is TRUE?

a) Active transport uses ATP as an energy source.

b) Active transport can move a solute against its concentration gradient.

c) Active transport requires the cell to expend energy.

d) All of the above

slide44
Which of the following statements regarding diffusion is FALSE?

a) Diffusion is a result of the thermal energy of atoms and molecules.

b) Diffusion requires no input of energy into the system.

c) Diffusion occurs when particles spread from areas where they are less concentrated to areas where they are more concentrated.

d) Diffusion occurs even after equilibrium is reached and no net change is apparent.

slide45
Which of the following statements regarding diffusion is FALSE?

a) Diffusion is a result of the thermal energy of atoms and molecules.

b) Diffusion requires no input of energy into the system.

c) Diffusion occurs when particles spread from areas where they are less concentrated to areas where they are more concentrated.

d) Diffusion occurs even after equilibrium is reached and no net change is apparent.

Statement c above is FALSE: In reality diffusion occurs when particles spread from areas where they are MORE concentrated to areas where they are LESS concentrated, in other words from HIGH to LOW concentration.

slide46
The only DIFFERENCE between simple diffusion and facilitated diffusion is 

facilitated diffusion requires energy

facilitated diffusion uses protein channels to move substances in or out of the cell

simple diffusion requires energy

facilitated diffusion moves substances from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration.

slide47
The only DIFFERENCE between simple diffusion and facilitated diffusion is 

facilitated diffusion requires energy

facilitated diffusion uses protein channels to move substances in or out of the cell

simple diffusion requires energy

facilitated diffusion moves substances from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration.

slide48
Facilitated diffusion occurs

into the cell only.

out of the cell only.

in either direction depending on the temperature.

in either direction depending on the concentration gradient of the molecule.

in either direction depending on the size of the molecule.

slide49
Facilitated diffusion occurs

into the cell only.

out of the cell only.

in either direction depending on the temperature.

in either direction depending on the concentration gradient of the molecule.

in either direction depending on the size of the molecule.

slide50
Exocytosis is a process by which cells

release substances from the cell through pores in the cell membrane.

release substances from the cell via vesicles.

release substances from the cell via carrier proteins.

bring in substances from the outside via vesicles.

bring in substances from the outside via pores in the cell membrane.

slide51
Exocytosis is a process by which cells

release substances from the cell through pores in the cell membrane.

release substances from the cell via vesicles.

release substances from the cell via carrier proteins.

bring in substances from the outside via vesicles.

bring in substances from the outside via pores in the cell membrane.

slide52
Certain white blood cells engulf microorganisms and bring them in to digest them. This process is best described as

Pinocytosis.

Osmosis.

Receptor-mediated exocytosis.

Phagocytosis.

Diffusion.

slide53
Certain white blood cells engulf microorganisms and bring them in to digest them. This process is best described as

Pinocytosis.

Osmosis.

Receptor-mediated exocytosis.

Phagocytosis.

Diffusion.

slide54
Cells occasionally need to take in or “drink” large amounts of water, which term best describe the process by which cells “DRINK” or take in vesicles of water?

Pinocytosis.

Receptor-mediated endocytosis.

Phagocytosis.

Diffusion.

slide55
Cells occasionally need to take in or “drink” large amounts of water, which term best describe the process by which cells “DRINK” or take in vesicles of water?

Pinocytosis.

Receptor-mediated endocytosis.

Phagocytosis.

Diffusion.

slide56
When a cell needs to get rid of waste products and push them OUT OF THE CELL, which term best describe the process by which cells release substances from the cell?

Pinocytosis

Endocytosis

Phagocytosis

Exocytosis

slide57
When a cell needs to get rid of waste products and push them OUT OF THE CELL, which term best describe the process by which cells release substances from the cell?

Pinocytosis

Endocytosis

Phagocytosis

Exocytosis

slide58
Which method of transport moves substances in or out of the cell that REQUIRES ENERGY? 

Diffusion

Osmosis

Facilitated diffusion

Active transport

slide59
Which method of transport moves substances in or out of the cell that REQUIRES ENERGY? 

Diffusion

Osmosis

Facilitated diffusion

Active transport

facilitated diffusion is used to transport h 2 o and o 2 o 2 and co 2 co 2 and h 2 o ions and h 2 o
Facilitated diffusion is used to transport

H2O and O2

O2 and CO2

CO2 and H2O

Ions and H2O

facilitated diffusion is used to transport h 2 o and o 2 o 2 and co 2 co 2 and h 2 o ions and h 2 o1
Facilitated diffusion is used to transport

H2O and O2

O2 and CO2

CO2 and H2O

Ions and H2O

slide62
Osmosis is best defined as the movement of

solute molecules across a membrane from an area of high solute concentration to an area of lower solute concentration

solute molecules across a membrane from an area of low solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration

water molecules across a membrane from an area of low water concentration to an area of higher water concentration

water molecules across a membrane from an area of high water concentration to an area of lower water concentration

slide63
Osmosis is best defined as the movement of

solute molecules across a membrane from an area of high solute concentration to an area of lower solute concentration

solute molecules across a membrane from an area of low solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration

water molecules across a membrane from an area of low water concentration to an area of higher water concentration

water molecules across a membrane from an area of high water concentration to an area of lower water concentration

slide64
A solution in which the solute concentration outside a cell is LOWER cell than the solute concentration inside the cell is called a

hypotonic solution

hypertonic solution

isotonic solution

cytotonicsolution

slide65
A solution in which the solute concentration outside a cell is LOWER cell than the solute concentration inside the cell is called a

hypotonic solution

hypertonic solution

isotonic solution

cytotonicsolution

slide66
A solution in which the solute concentration outside the cell is HIGHER than the solute concentration inside the cell is called 

an isotonic solution

a hypertonic solution

a hypotonic solution

a cytotonicsolution

slide67
A solution in which the solute concentration outside the cell is HIGHER than the solute concentration inside the cell is called 

an isotonic solution

a hypertonic solution

a hypotonic solution

a cytotonicsolution

slide68
A cell in a hypertonic solution

loses water and shrinks

gains water and expands

gains and loses the same amount of water, staying the same shape

none of the above

slide69
A cell in a hypertonic solution

loses water and shrinks

gains water and expands

gains and loses the same amount of water, staying the same shape

none of the above

a red blood cell placed in an isotonic medium will expand burst shrink have no change in shape
A red blood cell placed in an isotonic medium will

Expand.

Burst.

Shrink.

Have no change in shape.

a red blood cell placed in an isotonic medium will expand burst shrink have no change in shape1
A red blood cell placed in an isotonic medium will

Expand.

Burst.

Shrink.

Have no change in shape.

slide72
A cell in a hypotonic solution

loses water and shrinks

gains water and expands

gains and loses the same amount of water, staying the same shape

none of the above

slide73
A cell in a hypotonic solution

loses water and shrinks

gains water and expands

gains and loses the same amount of water, staying the same shape

none of the above

slide74
After eating a salty snack like potato chips, the cells in your mouth become saturated with salt. What happens to the cells in your mouth as they react to the ELEVATED salt environment? 

water moves into the cells causing them to burst

salt moves into the cells causing them to burst

salt moves out of the cells causing them to shrink

water moves out of the cells causing them to shrink.

slide75
After eating a salty snack like potato chips, the cells in your mouth become saturated with salt. What happens to the cells in your mouth as they react to the ELEVATED salt environment? 

water moves into the cells causing them to burst

salt moves into the cells causing them to burst

salt moves out of the cells causing them to shrink

water moves out of the cells causing them to shrink.

slide76
When a plant cell is placed in a salt water solution, the cell is affected and changes size. What part of the cell will be UNAFFECTED? 

The cytoplasm

The cell membrane

The cell wall

The vacuole

slide77
When a plant cell is placed in a salt water solution, the cell is affected and changes size. What part of the cell will be UNAFFECTED? 

The cytoplasm

The cell membrane

The cell wall

The vacuole

slide78
The diagram to the right represents a plant cell in distilled water as seen with a compound light microscope.

Which diagram below best represents the appearance of that cell after it has been placed in a 15% salt solutionfor two minutes?

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 4

slide79
The diagram to the right represents a plant cell in distilled water as seen with a compound light microscope.

Which diagram below best represents the appearance of that cell after it has been placed in a 15% salt solutionfor two minutes? This is a high salt concentration solution,therefore a hypertonic solution. Water will move OUT of the cell, causing it to shrink within its plasma membrane, but the cell wall (a rigid structure) will maintain it’s shape, a situation shown in (3) below.

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 4

ad