NASA Earth Science Capabilities
Download
1 / 19

David Toll Deputy Program Element Manager Water Resources Hydrological Sciences NASA/GSFC - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 124 Views
  • Uploaded on

NASA Earth Science Capabilities Supporting WestFAST. David Toll Deputy Program Element Manager Water Resources Hydrological Sciences NASA/GSFC Brad Doorn Program Manager NASA Applied Sciences Program Washington D.C. Edwin Sheffner Deputy Chief Earth Science Division NASA/Ames

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'David Toll Deputy Program Element Manager Water Resources Hydrological Sciences NASA/GSFC' - fergal


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

NASA Earth Science Capabilities

Supporting WestFAST

David Toll

Deputy Program Element Manager

Water Resources

Hydrological Sciences NASA/GSFC

Brad Doorn

Program Manager

NASA Applied Sciences Program

Washington D.C.

Edwin Sheffner

Deputy Chief

Earth Science Division

NASA/Ames

29 April 2010

David.L.Toll@nasa.gov


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

Earth Science

Astro- physics

Helio- physics

PlanetaryScience

Jnt. Ag. Sat. Div.

NASA Earth Science

Science Mission Directorate

The purpose of NASA's Earth science program is to develop a scientific understanding of Earth's system and its response to natural and human-induced changes, and to improve prediction of climate, weather, and natural hazards.


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

NASA Earth Science

Earth Science Division

Research

Applications

Flight

  • Research focus areas:

    • Atmospheric composition

    • Weather

    • Climate Variability and Change

    • Water and Energy Cycles

    • Carbon Cycle and Ecosystems

    • Earth Surface and Interior

  • Applied Sciences Program elements:

    • Agriculture

    • Air Quality

    • Climate

    • Natural Disasters

    • Ecological Forecasting

    • Public Health

    • Water Resources

    • Weather

Most Relevant to WestFAST


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

NASA Applied Science

Goal:Facilitate the use of NASA Earth science - research results, observations from aircraft and spacecraft, advanced data products, predictive models, and systems engineering - in resource management and policy decision making.

Application themes in the water resources program element:

1) Streamflow & Floods (Includes Snowpack)

2) Drought Monitoring & Prediction

3) Irrigation and Water Delivery

4) Water Quality

5) Climate Change and Water Resources

Program approach: NASA Applied Sciences Program works primarily through US government agencies and others (NGOs, Academia, State agencies, private groups, etc.) to use NASA products for widest use, both domestically and internationally.


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

NASA Applied Sciences ProgramA Pathway Between Earth Science & Society

Natural Disasters

Water Resources

Ecosystems

Agriculture

Air Quality

Weather

Public Health

Climate

Results of

NASA Earth

Science Research

Uses by Partners

and Stakeholder

Communities

GEOSS Societal Benefit Areas

NASA

Applied Sciences

Program


Continuous earth observations

Continuous Earth Observations

Jason

CALIPSO

Quikscat

Cloudsat

Tropical Rainfall

Measureing Mission

(TRMM)

Airborne Science

Aura

Aqua

Terra

Ice, Clouds,and

Land Elevation

Satellite (ICESat)

Gravity Recovery

And Climate Experiment

(GRACE)

New Millennium Program

Earth Observing-1

(NMP EO-1)

Solar Radiation and

Climate Experiment

(SORCE)

Landsat Data

Continuity Mission

(LDCM)

GPM

NOAA Polar Operational

Environmental Satellite

(POES), N and N’

Aquarius

National Polar-Orbiting

Operational Environmental

Satellite System (NPOESS)

Preparatory Project (NPP)

Geostationary

Operational

Environmental

Satellite (GOES)

GOES O/P/R

SMAP

NASA develops and operates Earth-observing satellites that monitor changes to our planet’s oceans, ice caps, land masses and atmosphere from a unique global perspective. Promotes free and open access to high quality Earth science products.

Missions in Development

Missions in Operation

ICESAT-2


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

TMPA-RT (mm/h) 18UTC 22 May 2002

Priority Observation - Rainfall Measurements

NOAA GOES

NOAA POES

GMS/MTSAT

(Japan)

DMSP

Aqua

METEOSAT

(Europe)

TRMM

Integrated with Operational Missions and International Missions

From: Hong, Adler


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

Priority Observation – Soil Moisture Measurements

Soil Moisture Active/Passive (SMAP) Mission

  • Soil Moisture Mapping

  • A dedicatedsoil moisture mission selected as a new Earth science mission

  • NASA fly an active / passive microwave soil moisture with mission in the 2012-2013 timeframe

  • Extends soil moisture to deeper depths with improved spatial resolution

  • Mission applications program developing tools and products prior to launch

SMAP Applications web site

http://smap.jpl.nasa.gov/science/applicWG/



David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

U.S. Drought Monitor (NOAA-USDA-USGS)

Soil Moisture and Vegetation Health

  • Prototype of Soil Moisture Change (SMC) with Drought D-Level Overlay: JPL automated system produces data; weekly automatic uploaded to NOAA PSD, who creates multiple SMC products and derivatives with D-level overlay.

  • Expedited MODIS Vegetation Drought Response Index (VegDRI) : USGS/EROS and NDMC have integrated MODIS NDVI 7-day composites into the national VegDRI model on a rapid, weekly schedule to meet requirements of US Drought Monitor authors.

  • Resolution Benchmark: NASA results have excellent resolutions to resolve the county-level goal of NIDIS. This is evident in the comparison of SMC and VegDRI products versus USDM drought maps at the lower resolution.

  • Improvements of USDM are important for users: NOAA NWS uses D2 to trigger drought information statements, IRS for tax deferrals, USDA programmatic usage, and Livestock Forage Disaster Program disbursement ($147,109,381 in 2008, and $77,608,125 in 2009).

User community interactions:

Drought Forum 2009

Nghiem/JPL & Verdin/USGS


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

U.S. Drought Monitor (NOAA-USDA-USGS)

Water Storage Change

Model assimilated water storage, mm

January – December 2005 Loop

GRACE water storage, mm

January – December 2005 Loop

Rodell/NASA-GSFC


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

U.S. Drought Monitor (NOAA-USDA-USGS)

Soil Moisture Forecasts

Initial conditions (March 1, 2010)

1-month lead (April 1, 2010)

Root zone soil moisture anomaly (expressed as percentile)

Known drought conditions are predicted by GMAO seasonal prediction system to persist into April but be gone by May.

3-month lead (June 1, 2010)

2-month lead (May1, 2010)

Project: Development of a Robust Drought Index for Agricultural Applications.

PI: R. Koster, NASA/GSFC

http://gmao.gsfc.nasa.gov/forecasts/# http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/fews/


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

Hydrologic Forecasting(USDA-DOI-CA DWR)

Snow Pack

Aqua

Terra

(NASA)

Snow Data

Reservoir Regulation

Snowpack Initial Condition

D. Lettenmaier/U. Wash.


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

NASA Snow Monitoring

MODIS Snow Cover (%)

Observed SWE (mm)

17 January 2003

GLDAS Modeled SWE (mm)

Model-assimilated SWE (mm)

NOAA SNODAS SWE

Central Great Rockies

MODIS cloud-gap-filled snow map

NASA-NOAA NOHRSC Project to Evaluate Use of NASA Products for Snow Water Equivalent & US Water Availability

‘GLDAS’ Assimilated Snow Water Equivalent

NASA-AFWA Blended AMSR-E & MODIS SWE

AFWA SNODEP model 20071212 12Z


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

NASA Project, Agriculture Forecasting(USDA)

& Soil Moisture Modeling

P.I. – Wade Crow USDA-ARS-HRSL

Co. I. – John D. Bolten NASA GSFC

A)

USDA-FAS Soil Moisture

C)

Root-Zone Anomaly Product

B)

Improved Soil Moisture Product

  • Contribution: provide global soil moisture observations at higher accuracy, finer spatial resolution, and over broader geographic domains than existing USDA-FAS product, improved ROOT ZONE ANOMALY observations

  • Benefits: more accurate crop monitoring and drought prediction, greater agricultural economic security, improved food shortage warnings, increased agricultural efficiency, policy and resource management decision support

  • Status: Operationally delivered to the USDA -FAS in near real-time


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

Western Water Management(CA DWR, DOI, USDA)

Evapotranspiration (ET) Estimation & Modeling

MODIS

GOES

Aqua

Terra

(Lettenmaier, U. Wash.)

Water management model

Albedo

Emissivity

Temperature

Surface reflectance

Vegetation indices

Land cover …

Hourly surface radiation budget (SRB) data

Irrigation withdrawal

Drought Monitoring

Endangered Species


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

California recently experienced three years of drought, with reported cumulative and projected agricultural losses approaching $900m (DWR CA Drought Report, Dec 2009 Update).

Residential, industrial, agricultural, and environmental demands increasingly compete for limited water supplies .

Continued environmental/regulatory constraints on water supplies likely to be typical of future as population growth and climate change begin to impact state water supply.

CA Water Management(CA DWR)

Systems, Modeling, ET Estimation

Ag Water Demand: ARC

Water Supply: JPL

  • Goals:

    • Enhance snow pack and precipitation monitoring and snow water equivalent (SWE) forecasting to improve the ability of state and local agencies to estimate water availability and annual water budgets, and forecast flood risk.

    • Create a cyber-infrastructure for use of NASA data and models to support irrigation monitoring / optimization; and,

    • Add value to current investments in ground-based monitoring networks such as the California Irrigation Management and Information System (CIMIS)


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

Irrigation Optimization(DWR, USDA, Ag Industry) reported cumulative and projected agricultural losses approaching $900m (DWR CA Drought Report, Dec 2009 Update).

Modeling, ET

  • Application of the NASA Terrestrial Observation and Prediction System (TOPS) to integrate satellite and weather data to estimate ET, water balance, and irrigation demand

  • Builds on CIMIS, as well as previous success in vineyards

  • Data exchange with users via applications for web and mobile devices

  • Use of wireless soil moisture sensor networks for calibration

  • Partnerships with CA Dept. Water Resources, USDA-ARS, Agricultural producers, Universities, and Irrigation consultants


David toll deputy program element manager water resources hydrological sciences nasa gsfc

Summary & Future Directions reported cumulative and projected agricultural losses approaching $900m (DWR CA Drought Report, Dec 2009 Update).

  • NASA wants to utilize and leverage its large Earth science investment ($1.5B) to maximize societal benefits.

  • NASA Applied Sciences Program has a history of working effectively with other federal agencies and is increasingly interested in making its capabilities available at the regional level.

  • NASA may have capabilities that will assist the WSWC, through WestFAST, in its decision making processes.

    - NASA strongly supports NIDIS, US Drought Monitor and Outlook

    - NASA has several western US projects addressing snowpack, water loss (evapotranspiration), irrigated agriculture, groundwater monitoring, etc.

  • NASA seeks to work with WestFAST and other groups to plan and coordinate future solicitations for coordinated activities.

  • Support of possible US agency led programs affecting western water including Water Smart, NIDIS, Land Conservation Corps, RISAs, Climate Centers (USGS and NOAA), USGS Water Census, etc.