Chapter 13 Pg. 276-284. The Rise of a Mass Democracy. GONE TO TEXAS. Gone to Texas.
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Americans continued to covet Texas , and in 1823, after Mexico had gained independence from Spain, Stephen Austin had made the agreement with the Mexican government to bring about 300 families into a huge tract of granted land to settle.
The stipulations were:(1) they must become Mexican citizens ,(2) they must become Catholic , and (3) no slavery allowed. These stipulations were largely ignored by the new settlers.
Texas was supported in their war by the United States, but Jackson was hesitant to formally recognize Texas as an independent nation until he had secured Martin Van Buren as his successor, but after he succeeded, Jackson did indeed recognize Texas on his last day before he left office, in 1837.
Many Texans wanted to become part of the Union, but Presidents Jackson and Van Buren hesitated to extend recognition to and to annex the new Texas Republic because antislavery groups in the United States opposed annexation.
The end result was a 10 year long unsettled predicament in which Texans constantly feared the return of Santa Anna……
Harrison had become popular as an Indian fighter, specifically from the battles of Tippecanoe (1811) and the Thames (1813) against Tecumseh’s forces.
A misguided Democratic editor inadvertently helped Harrison’s cause when he called the candidate a poor old farmer who drank hard cider, inadvertently making him look like, and suddenly appeal to, many poor Westerners.
The popular election was close, but Harrison blew Van Buren away in the Electoral College.
Basically, the election was a protest against the hard times of the era more than anything. People simply wanted change (heard that one before?)
This political cartoon was created for the US Presidential election of 1840. The title reads “A Hard Road To Hoe! Or, the White House Turnpike, macadamized by the North Benders.” Please note in the cartoon the parallels to “hard road” & “hard cider” (which is the alcohol that was many times distributed by Whigs at their political party functions to those people that attended). The term “macadamized” means to construct or complete a road using a solid foundation. This cartoon is a crude satire on the obstacles facing Van Buren's reelection effort in 1840. Weighed down by a large bundle labeled "Sub Treasury," Van Buren follows the lead of Andrew Jackson toward the White House. His way is blocked by barrels of "Hard Cider" and log cabins, symbolizing the popular appeal of Harrison's candidacy. In the right distance the Capitol is visible, and in the left distance Van Buren's home at Kinderhook. A mischievous youth stands behind Van Buren thumbing his nose. It also features "OK" which was coined after Martin Van Buren -- "Old Kinderhook."
This woodcut is a parody (caricature or exaggeration) of Democratic efforts in 1840 to re-elect incumbent Martin Van Buren in the face of broad popular support for Whig candidate William Henry Harrison. Note in this cartoon that Martin Van Buren appears locked up in a “log cabin” and that Andrew Jackson attempts to pry him out with a “hickory stick.” Additionally, names of states appear on the log cabin and the fulcrum for Jackson’s hickory stick is a pile of “NG” which means “no go.” Recall, from the overview presented, that Van Buren lost his bid for reelection in 1840.
Politics for the People Democratic efforts in 1840 to re-elect incumbent Martin Van Buren in the face of broad popular support for Whig candidate William Henry Harrison. Note in this cartoon that Martin Van Buren appears locked up in a “log cabin” and that Andrew Jackson attempts to pry him out with a “hickory stick.” Additionally, names of states appear on the log cabin and the fulcrum for Jackson’s hickory stick is a pile of “NG” which means “no go.” Recall, from the overview presented, that Van Buren lost his bid for reelection in 1840.
This time was called the New Democracy, and was based on universal white manhood suffrage.
In 1791, Vermont became the first state admitted to the union to allow all white males to vote in the elections.
While the old bigwigs who used to have power sneered at the “coonskin congressmen” and the “bipeds of the forest,” the new democrats argued that if they messed up, they messed up together and at least could no longer be victims of aristocratic domination.