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Youth Employment crisis 2013 A generation at risk – Time for Action. Marta Makhoul International Labour Office for the EU and the Benelux countries. A l ost generation ? . An unprecedented youth employment crisis…. In 2012… 75 million young people are unemployed worldwide

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youth employment crisis 2013 a generation at risk time for action

Youth Employment crisis 2013A generation at risk – Time for Action

Marta Makhoul

International Labour Office for the EU

and the Benelux countries

an unprecedented youth employment crisis
An unprecedented youth employment crisis…

In 2012…

  • 75 million young people are unemployed worldwide
  • Globally young people are on average nearly three times more likely than adults to be unemployed
  • Four out of every ten unemployed worldwide is a young women or man
  • Over 1.2 billion people in the world between 15 and 24 years of age
  • 40 % of the world's unemployed are young people…. BUT…

But…

Facts on youth employment crisis

unemployment is only the tip of the iceberg
….Unemployment is only the tip of the iceberg
  • Inequalities, insecurity and vulnerability are rising
  • Quality of jobs available for youth is declining
  • Underemployment and poverty for youth is on the rise
  • Young workers are disproportionately represented

in low-paid work

  • Most young workers in developing countries are in the

informal economy.

  • Temporary employment and lack of permanent employment for youth is rising
  • More insecure and slower transition from school to work

Risk of SOCIAL UNREST

Youth are increasingly discouraged than other age groups.

Facts on youth employment crisis

global youth unemployment and unemployment rate 1991 2013
Global youth unemployment and unemployment rate, 1991-2013

Source: ILO, Trends Econometric Models, February 2013.

Global and regional youth unemployment

global youth and adult unemployment from 1991 2013
Global youth and adult unemployment from 1991-2013

Global youth and adult unemployment rate

neet rates in the eu
NEET rates in the EU

Young people not in employment and not in any education or training

consequences of youth unemployment
Consequences of youth unemployment

Raise risk of future unemployment and/or protracted period of unstable employment

Is likely to become more serious the longer youth unemployment crisis continues

Valuable work experience is not acquired and professional skills may erode

Effects more severe for youth entering the workforce with education level below tertiary level

Consequences of youth unemployment

Youth are increasingly employed in non-standard jobs, including temporary employment and part-time work

Is likely to result in wage scars that continue to depressemployment and earnings prospects

Consequences of youth unemployment

youth labour markets in developing economies
Youth labour markets in developing economies

Developing regions face major youth employment challenges and large variations in extent and development of youth unemployment

Young workers often receive below average wages and are engaged in work for which either overqualified or underqualified

  • Large numbers of young people not achieving full economic potential
  • Unemployed
  • In irregular employment (informal sector)
  • Neither in labour force nor in education/training

quality of work

In countries with high poverty levels and high shares of vulnerable employment, youth employment challenge is as much a problem of poor employment quality as one of unemployment

Youth labour markets in developing economies

youth labour markets in developing economies1
Youth labour markets in developing economies
  • Labour markets in developing economies do not look like those in developed economies
    • Abundance of labour
    • Scarcity of capital
    • Duality between dominant traditional economies and “modern” economies
    • Irregular nature of employment
    • Leave education early
    • Lack of social protection
    • Different type of measurement needed

Youth labour markets in developing economies

slide12

ILO’s response to the youth employment crisis: The 2012 ILC Resolution “The Youth Employment Crisis: A call for action” and its follow-up plan

The Call for action focuses on five policy areas:

  • employment and economic policies to increase aggregate demand and improve access to finance;
  • education and training to ease the school-to-work transition;
  • labourmarket policies to target employment of disadvantaged youth;
  • entrepreneurship and self-employment to assist potential young entrepreneurs; and
  • labourrights that are based on international labour standards to ensure that young people receive equal treatment.

ILO’s response to the youth employment crisis: 2012 ILC Resolution

the ilo youth employment programme
The ILO youth employment programme
  • Knowledge building
  • Advocacy and promotion of decent work for youth
  • Technical assistance

ILO youth employment programme

ilo active labour market policies what works for youth
ILO Active Labour Market Policies: What works for youth?
  • Policy measures should be balanced and adapted to country-specific needs

Comprehensive packages of labour market measures targeting specific groups of young people

Balanced strategies for growth and job creation

Platforms for exchanging knowledge and lessons of what works

Apprenticeships, skills training and other work-training programmes

Policiy measures

Multiple services for entrepreneurship, social enterprises and cooperatives development

Targeted youth employment action through tripartite consensus and time-bound action plans

Employment services

Bipartite and tripartite cooperation

Policies for youth employment

best practice example youth guarantee in sweden
Best-practice example: youth guarantee in Sweden

Sweden tackles youth unemployment through jobs guarantees

It's not easy being a young jobseeker today. With nearly 74 million young people worldwide unemployed, youth guarantees programmes help keep youth connected to the labour market by boosting skills and giving them support to find jobs.

http://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/multimedia/video/video-news-releases/WCMS_212957/lang--en/index.htm

Best-practice example

thank you for your attention

Thank you for your attention

http://www.ilo.org/global/topics/youth-employment/lang--en/index.htm

http://www.ilo.org/ilc/ILCSessions/101stSession/texts-adopted/WCMS_185950/lang--en

/index.htm

More info:

http://ilo.org/global/research/global-reports/global-employment-trends/youth/2013/lang--en/index.htm