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Emotional and Behavioral Disabilities. By Gillian Lachanski, Anikka Martin, Deborah White, Mike Valeski . Definition of Emotional/Behavioral Disorders (EBD). IDEA says….

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emotional and behavioral disabilities

Emotional and Behavioral Disabilities

By

Gillian Lachanski, Anikka Martin, Deborah White, Mike Valeski

slide2
Definition of Emotional/Behavioral Disorders (EBD)
  • IDEA says….
  • “A condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child’s educational performance:
slide3
Inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors
  • Inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers/teachers
  • Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances
  • A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression
  • A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems
how many affected
How Many Affected?
  • Difficult to determine based on variety of disorders
  • 2001-2002 school year, 473, 663 children and youths identified as needing special services (www.nichcy.org)
  • 6 to 8 million, about 12% (www.atstar.org/info_disabilities_behavioral.html)
possible causes
Possible Causes
  • Neurological functioning
  • Psychological processes
  • Family history
  • Self-concept (low self esteem and image)
  • Lack of social acceptance
  • Changes in family structure (divorce, moving, death, remarriage)
how do i assess
How Do I Assess?
  • Follow usual procedures for referral
  • Checklists
  • Check out Resources
  • Observation of the following:
    • Internal – Disorders that are introversive and intrapersonal in nature
    • External – Disorders that tend to be extroversive or interpersonal in their manifestations (under controlled, acting out)
internalized
Internalized
  • Depression:
    • Feelings of worthlessness
    • Pervasive mood of unhappiness
    • Withdrawal
  • Restricted activity levels
externalized
Externalized
  • Argues excessively
  • Physically/verbally abusive
  • Tantrums
  • Stealing, lying, cheating
educational implications
Educational Implications
  • IEPs with positive behavioral interventions, strategies, and supports
  • Psychological/counseling services
  • Career education
instructional ideas
Instructional Ideas
  • Behavior modifications
  • Assistive technology
  • Provide a highly structured classroom
  • Alternative assignments
  • Teach and provide time for relaxation techniques
  • Recognition
things to know
Things to Know . . .
  • Types of Disorders
    • http://www.mentalhealth.org/publications/allpubs/CA-0006/
  • Creative Teaching Methods
    • http://www.ericfacility.net/ericdigests/ed261811.html
  • Tools for Teachers /Parents
    • http://www.kidsource.com/kidsource/content4/coping.w.stress.sp.ed.html
    • http://www.kidsource.com/ld/disabilities.calendar.html
teacher resources
Teacher Resources
  • Count Me In Disability Awareness Manual (2001) available from: PACER Center, Inc., 8161 Normandale Boulevard, Minneapolis, MN 55437-1044., Phone: (888) 248-0822 (toll free), E-mail: [email protected], Web: www.pacer.org
  • Disability Awareness in the Classroom: A Resource Tool for Teachers and Students (1999) Charles C. Thomas Publishers, 2600 S. First Street, Springfield, IL 62704., Phone: (800) 258-8980 (toll free). E-mail: [email protected], Web: www.ccthomas.com
teacher resources cont
Teacher Resources cont.
  • http://www.educationworld.com/ Education World
  • http://www.nasponline.org/ National Association of School Psychologists
  • http://www.schwabfound.org/ Schwab foundation- Download free Guide to Assistive Technology
works cited
Works Cited
  • www.academiconcepts.org
  • www.NCHCY.org
  • www.vms.cc.wmich.edu
  • www.atstar.org
  • Gearheart, Bill, Mel Weishahn, Carol Gearheart. The Exceptional Student in the Regular Classroom. 6 ed. New Jersey: Merill, 1996.
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