A Look Into China - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

a look into china n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
A Look Into China PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
A Look Into China

play fullscreen
1 / 29
A Look Into China
89 Views
Download Presentation
feng
Download Presentation

A Look Into China

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. A Look Into China JEOPARDY

  2. Where O’ Where? Whose in Charge? Day In and Day Out Fast Facts 100 Points 100 Points 100 Points 100 Points 100 Points 100 Points 200 Points 200 Points 200 Points 200 Points 200 Points 200 Points 200 Points 300 Points 300 Points 300 Points 300 Points 300 Points 300 Points 400 Points 400 Points 400 Points 400 Points 400 Points 400 Points 400 Points 400 Points

  3. Where O’ Where100 #21 – What is the population of China? Compare it to the U.S. population. • China  1.3 billion people – 20% of the world population • U.S.  268 million people – 4.5% of the world population • China is the most populated country • China has the LARGEST population of any country

  4. Where O’ Where100 #22 – What is the size of China? Compare to the size of the U.S. China is only slightly larger than the U.S. • China  9,596,960 sq. km. • U.S.  9,363,520 sq. km. China is about the size of all of Europe. China is the 3rd largest country behind Russia and Canada.

  5. Where O’ Where200 #19 – Describe the Great Wall. • 6,700 miles long – largest structure ever created • Only human made structure visible from space • Viewed as a symbol of China’s power

  6. Where O’ Where200 #19 – What was China’s purpose for building the Great Wall? • built during the Ming dynasty in the 15th century • built to keep out invaders • used war prisoners and criminals to build it  became a symbol of inhumanity

  7. Where O’ Where300 #1 – Where does the majority of the Chinese population reside? Rural or Urban? • 72 % live in rural areas (the country) • less than 1/3 live in urban areas (cities)

  8. Where O’ Where400 #10 – Why was China called an inward country? • China didn’t want anyone to come in – kept to themselves • No products were exported, people wouldn’t travel • in 1940s products came from Japan – today they come from China • China closed itself off to the rest of the world • feared being invaded • thought they were already advanced and no one could teach them more

  9. Where O’ Where400 #4 – What was a concession in China? • 1860 foreign countries (Britain, France, Japan) took over areas of China – seaports for Opium trade • divided the city into their own areas of control  built homes, churches, and schools • concessions governed themselves, people adopted the language and customs of that country

  10. Whose in Charge?100 #12 – Define a dynasty. What was life like in China during the dynasty rule? led China for over 4,000 years • family of rulers • led by an emperor • would end when someone from another family defeated the ruler • unequal country – poor became poorer – rich prospered

  11. Whose in Charge?200 #24 – What is communism? Describe its beliefs. • government that controls most aspects of life and leads the society at all levels • plan and control the economy • decide crops grown, products manufactured, people’s jobs, etc. • believe in a society where everyone was equal – “don’t think of yourself, work for the betterment of China as a whole” • believe that property/resources should belong to the whole country instead of individual people

  12. Whose in Charge?200 #16 – Who was the head of the communist party in China in the 1940s-1950s? • Mao Zedong • born in 1893  died in 1976 • lead China from 1949-1976 • came from a peasant family and saw the unequal distribution of wealth and resources in China • was ruthless – millions suffered and died

  13. Whose in Charge?300 #16 – What were Mao Zedong’s main goals for China? • EQUALTY  wanted all to be equal  wanted to improve lives of the poor • UNIFICATION of China farming communes • wanted everyone to work together for the good of all people • wanted to make China a modern, industrial country • limited foreign access

  14. Whose in Charge?300 #7 – Who led China’s nationalist party? Describe him. • Chiang Kai-Shek • took over after Sun Yat-Sen died 1928 • military dictator • hated Communism  had spent 4 months in Soviet Union

  15. Whose in Charge?400 #9 – What are the beliefs of the Nationalist party in China in the early 1900s? • founded by Sun Yat-Sen • wanted more independence  wanted people to have some say • main goal was to end poverty • wanted a small group to rule China

  16. Whose in Charge?400 #15 – What happened to the Nationalist party in China? • driven out in 1947 by the communists – Communist Revolution • fled to Taiwan and established own nation

  17. Day In and Day Out100 #8 – What is the most common occupation in China? • FARMING  more than half are farmers  grow rice, wheat, grains, tea • millions work in FACTORIES • 1940s – everything was made in Japan – today it is made in China

  18. Day In and Day Out100 #3 – What is a Quipao? Describe it. • a tight fitting, one piece dress for women in China • worn by the high class and rich women in China

  19. Day In and Day Out200 #25 – Who received an education in China? • the wealthy • at the beginning of the 1900s only 15% could read or write • Only boys from the ruling class and a few brilliant peasants were given the opportunity to learn how to read and write • 9 years of education is now required for all Chinese students • today 90% can read and write

  20. Day In and Day Out200 #25 – How do the Chinese value education? • Education is a privilege • rural families can’t afford education – only educate boys, so it is highly valued • competitive – few openings – tough exams – only 5% get in – only those in the top of the class go on to universities

  21. Day In and Day Out300 #23 – What is Buddhism? • RELIGION that began in India • largest religious group in China • not centered on a God, but on the attainment of NIRVANA • based on the teachings of Buddha • believe people live many lives in different bodies • teaches peace and happiness through self control

  22. Day In and Day Out300 #11 What is the largest social class in China? • PEASANTS – 90% of the population • farmers, sharecroppers, tenants, and laborers • 4 social classes in China today peasants workers petite bourgeois nationalists-capitalists

  23. Day In and Day Out400 #2 – What role do superstitions and symbols play in Chinese culture and life? • believe heavily on things happen for a reason – very superstitious people • OLDER PEOPLE are greatly respected – their views and advice are taken very seriously • believe all the important people in history and ancestors still play an important role • most popular religious practice is ancestor worship • given a symbol at birth – believed you will become the characteristics that fit that symbol

  24. Day In and Day Out400 #5 – Define a rickshaw. Describe its use. • form of transportation • a cart pulled by a person • also called PEDICABS • used by the wealthy

  25. Fast Facts100 #20 What is the act of foot binding? • attempt to stop the growth of the foot • started around age 4-6 • young girl’s feet were soaked, the toes broken, and then wrapped toes to heal to stop growth • process continued for up to 10 years • ended in 1911 with the revolution of Sun Yat-Sen

  26. Fast Facts 200 #6 – Why did women bind their feet? • BEAUTY – wanted feet to shrink to 3 inches long • sign of wealth • only done by high class women – peasants needed to work

  27. Fast Facts300 #14 – What is the Chinese New Year? • biggest and most important celebration – lasts 7 days • usually in January or February  depends on where the moon is in the sky • falls between 1/21 and 2/19 • people wish for good fortune and give respect to the spirits of ancestors

  28. Fast Facts400 #18 – A baby is born. Describe how the baby will be named in China. • Family name comes first • Family name comes from 100 choices  Wang, Lee, Chen • Family name is followed by 2 given names • First given name indicates particular generation • Second given name often shows a special wish for child Boys – brilliance or luck Girls – beauty (flower)

  29. Fast Facts400 #17 – Why do the Chinese write their name with the family name first, then the personal one? • reflects the importance of the family unit • reflects the view that the individual is defined by family membership