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Regulating Selenium in Discharges. Kenneth Politan Division of Mining & Reclamation. In the Beginning…. West Virginia promulgated selenium water quality criteria in 1965. Bragg v. Robertson, Civ. No. 2:98-0636. Settlement – Programmatic EIS. Technical studies – water quality monitoring. .

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regulating selenium in discharges

Regulating Selenium in Discharges

Kenneth Politan

Division of Mining & Reclamation

in the beginning
In the Beginning….
  • West Virginia promulgated selenium water quality criteria in 1965.
  • Bragg v. Robertson, Civ. No. 2:98-0636.
  • Settlement – Programmatic EIS.
  • Technical studies – water quality monitoring.
reaction
Reaction
  • NPDES reissuance applications
  • Streams placed on 303(d) list
  • Selenium TMDL completed
  • Notice of intent to sue (NOI)
  • Civil action filed
selenium water quality criteria in west virginia
Selenium Water Quality Criteria in West Virginia
  • 1965 – Total Se 10 ug/l all uses
  • 1986 – Total Se 10 ug/l human health

Selenite 35 ug/l aquatic life

  • 1990 – Total Se 10 ug/l human health

Total Se 5 ug/l aquatic life

  • 1996 – Total Se 10 ug/l human health

Total Se 20 ug/l acute

Total Se 5 ug/l chronic

selenium general issues
Selenium – General Issues
  • Selenium NPDES permits.
    • 123 permits have selenium limits.
    • 33 permits have selenium limits in effect.
    • 90 permits issued compliance orders.
  • Approved methods.
  • Reporting in proper units.
  • Reasonable potential (RP).
regulating selenium in permits
Regulating Selenium in Permits
  • Reasonable potential.
  • Coal seams in the Upper Kanawha formation.
  • Streams with completed selenium TMDL.
  • Streams on the 303(d) list for selenium.
  • Reissuance Table 2-IV-C analyses.
regulating selenium in permits7
Regulating Selenium in Permits

New and expanded

  • Limits effective upon discharge.
  • Surface mines - material handling plan.

Reissuance

  • Surface mines may be modified to include material handling plan.
  • Compliance schedule with interim requirements.
selenium compliance orders
Selenium Compliance Orders

Interim requirements

  • Meeting with regional staff.
  • Surface mines - material handling plan.
  • Treatment plan.
  • Commence construction.

Final requirements

  • Complete construction - meet limits.
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