Race and Ethnicity in Modern America. History 17B Lecture 21. Introduction. The Browning of America By 2056, the “average” American will not be white. Whites 46.7% in California (2000 Census) Asian and Latino populations surged nationally according to census. Lecture Questions
Group Formation Process based on culture and descent.
Culture: religion, language, customs, nationality.
Descent: heredity and a sense of group origins.
Ethnicity is “socially constructed.”
Its definition is agreed upon by society at a given time.
But aren’t blacks as ethnically diverse as whites?Definitions
Deindustrialization hurt low-skilled workers in manufacturing.
End of Cold War hurt highly paid defense workers.
1990 recession hurt everyone.
Politicians courted the “angry white male” through thinly-veiled racist campaign rhetoric.
Pete Wilson and anti-immigration campaign.Growing Racial Tension
Potential conflict for a browning America?
Race free issues like social security can become racial issues over non-white workers supporting white retirees.
Minority groups will often be in competition with one another for jobs, status, and public services.Redefining Race in America
Loving vs. Virginia (1967)
4% of all marriages today are mixed marriages.
California twice the national average.
Los Angeles 5 times the national average!
20% of Generation X-ers marry outside their race or ethnicity.
Some Americans still oppose interracial marriage.Redefining Race in America