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Negotiating Ethical Spaces for Indigenous Knowledge Production. Global Forum on Bioethics and Research 3-5 December 2008. Outline of Presentation. Te Hau Mihi Ata Indigenous knowledge production Negotiating ethical spaces Guidelines on Pacific Health Research.
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Global Forum on Bioethics and Research
3-5 December 2008
Te Hau Mihi Ata
Indigenous knowledge production
Negotiating ethical spaces
Guidelines on Pacific Health Research
Explores the connections between matauranga Maori and science through progressive dialogue
Aims are to understand the interface between knowledge systems AND
Develop tools to facilitate dialogue, and promote transformational thinking and innovation
In this worldview, the interrelationship between all things between people, the land, sea, sky, rocks, plants, surrounds is sacred and cosmologically determined.
Equation and alignment with other people and parts of life is integral to an ordered system of interconnection
(Tamasese Efi 2007).
Obviously we cannot recreate our traditional Pacific communities in New Zealand but we can reclaim a sense of community through the identification of ‘core values’ that are consistent with the rebuilding and reconstruction of relationships that promote health and well-being and for all our people
(Dr ‘Ana Maui Taufe’ulungaki 2004)
SUBRAMANI 2001, p. 150
“The process of appropriation by cultures of their own rich genius.”
OKERE, NJOKU AND DEVISCH 2005, p 1Restoration
Such work begins from ethnic-specific starting points of
which provide rich sources of analytical, theoretical and conceptual knowledge and tools, as well as an abundant mine of Pacific core values and ethics
“What good is political independence if we remain colonized epistemologically?”
GEGEO, 2001, p278
Va, the space between, not empty space but the space that relates“The nature of an ethical relationship”
Va is the space between,
the between-ness, not empty space, not space that separates but space that relates, that holds separate entities and things together
in the unity-in-all,
the space that is context,
giving meaning to things.
A well known Samoan expression is ‘la teu le va’, cherish/nurse/care for the va, the relationships. This is crucial in communal cultures that value group, unity, more than the individual person / creature / thing in terms of group, in terms of va, relationships.”
To develop, cultivate & maintain ethical relationships is integral to all ethical practice
Neutral “negotiated space” for
Vitalisation and restoration of indigenous knowledge systems
Other knowledge paradigms as source of alternative ideas, values
Expansion, innovation, change and exchange maintain the relevance, and therefore survival, of a cultural knowledge, ethics and value system.
If research targets the Pacific population,
Pacific peoples should participate
at all levels of the research
Recognising that Pacific research relationships are often based on structural societal inequalities, care must always be taken to protect those less powerful
Research should not be detrimental to research participants, as individuals, or as members of an identified ethnic group
All research relationships are implicated with both rights and responsibilities to the other