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Social and Behavioral Sciences Assignment 1 Health Behavior Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL): Article Review and Behavioral Science Intervention Proposal. Presentation Overview. Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL): concepts and measurement

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Social and Behavioral Sciences Assignment 1

Health Behavior Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL): Article Review and Behavioral Science Intervention Proposal

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Presentation Overview

  • Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL): concepts and measurement
    • CDC HRQOL Surveillance Program’s Healthy Days Measures
  • Health behavior and HRQOL: relationships and data
  • Assignment overview: Article review and behavioral science intervention proposal to improve HRQOL
measuring health related quality of life hrqol

Broad outcome measures designed to measure physical, emotional, and social dimensions of health(McDowell & Newell, 1996).

  • No one definition of HRQOL is agreed upon, but generally assessed with generic measures (e.g., Short-Form 36) or disease-specific measures (e.g., Quality of Life in Epilepsy Scale-10(Ware & Sherbourne, 1992; Cramer et al., 1996).
  • Quality of Life Instruments Database (QOLID): Online database of generic and disease-specific measures. http://www.proqolid.org

Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL)

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What is Health-RelatedQuality of Life (HRQOL)?

  • For public health surveillance purposes, HRQOL was defined as…“an individual’s or group’s perceived physical and mental health over time.”(Measuring Healthy Days, CDC 2000)
  • http://www.cdc.gov/hrqol
  • http://www.cdc.gov/brfss
core healthy days measures
Core Healthy Days Measures

1. Would you say that in general your health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?

2. Now thinking about your physical health, which includes physical illness and injury, for how many days during thepast 30 days was your physical healthnot good?

3. Now thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how manydays during the past 30 days was your mental healthnot good?

4. During the past 30 days, for about how many days did poor physical or mental healthkeep you from doingyour usual activities, such as self-care, work, or recreation?

unhealthy days days in the past 30 days when both physical and mental health were not good
Unhealthy Days = days in the past 30 days when both physical and mental health were not good

= Mentally unhealthy day

= Physically unhealthy day

= Healthy day

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Mean #

Unhealthy Days*

Never Current

Agesmokedsmoker

18-34 4.7 7.9

35-49 4.9 8.5

50-64 5.7 8.7

>=65 6.2 8.1

*BRFSS 2001

# of States includes DC, Guam, PR, and the U.S. Virgin Islands*All respondents ≥18 who have ever smoked 100 cigarettesin lifetime & reported smoking every day or some days.Denominator includes all survey respondents except those withmissing, don't know, and refused answers.

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/brfss

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Mean #

Unhealthy Days*

Any physical activity

(past month)

AgeYesNo

18-34 5.2 6.8

35-49 5.1 8.4

50-64 5.0 10.3

>=65 4.9 10.1

*BRFSS 2001

# of States includes DC, Guam, PR, and the U.S. Virgin Islands in applicable years.*All respondents ≥18 years who report no leisure-time physicalactivity during the past month.Denominator includes all survey respondents except those withmissing, don't know, and refused answers.

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/brfss

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Assignment Instructions:

  • Review health behavior related articles of interest on the HRQOL Surveillance Program website’s Publications Page (available at http://www.cdc.gov/hrqol/publications_topic.htm#11).
  • Identify and review an article of your choosing to determine the health behavior’s impact on HRQOL.
    • What relationships can you observe between the presence or absence of the health behavior and HRQOL outcomes?
  • Propose a theoretically-based intervention to address the health behavior in question (e.g., Stages of Change/Transtheoretical model to guide a smoking cessation intervention).
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Instructions continued:

  • 4. Write a paper (4-5 pages) that describes (a) findings and conclusions from the article review in terms of HRQOL impact of the health behavior; (b) your proposed intervention including application of the health behavior theory; and (c) the expected impact of your intervention on both the health behavior and HRQOL.
  • Intermediate-level students should also:
  • Develop an intervention evaluation plan (give consideration to both process and outcome evaluation) and include a description of the proposed evaluation methods in the paper.