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Improving Wildland Fire Safety:. A Challenge for Forest Fire Researchers Richard J. Mangan Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA. A High Risk Environment for Firefighters. Illnesses/Injuries/Fatalities. Illnesses/Injuries. Illnesses/Injuries. Fatigue. Illnesses/Injuries.

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improving wildland fire safety

Improving Wildland Fire Safety:

A Challenge for Forest

Fire Researchers

Richard J. Mangan

Blackbull Wildfire Services

Missoula, Montana USA

illnesses injuries
Illnesses/Injuries

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

illnesses injuries5
Illnesses/Injuries
  • Fatigue

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

illnesses injuries6
Illnesses/Injuries
  • Fatigue
  • Smoke

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

illnesses injuries7
Illnesses/Injuries
  • Fatigue
  • Smoke
  • Heat Stress

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

illnesses injuries8
Illnesses/Injuries
  • Fatigue
  • Smoke
  • Heat Stress
  • Ankle/Knee/Back

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

fatalities
Fatalities

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

fatalities10
Fatalities
  • Burnovers

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

fatalities11
Fatalities
  • Burnovers
  • Heart Attacks

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

fatalities12
Fatalities
  • Burnovers
  • Heart Attacks
  • Aircraft Accidents

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

fatalities13
Fatalities
  • Burnovers
  • Heart Attacks
  • Aircraft Accidents
  • Vehicle Accidents

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

20 th century improvements15
20th Century Improvements
  • Air Tankers

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

20 th century improvements16
20th Century Improvements
  • Air Tankers
  • Helicopters

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

other important 20 th century improvements
Other Important 20th Century Improvements

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

other important 20 th century improvements18
Other Important 20th Century Improvements
  • Protective Clothing

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

other important 20 th century improvements19
Other Important 20th Century Improvements
  • Protective Clothing
  • Engine Protection Systems

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

other important 20 th century improvements20
Other Important 20th Century Improvements
  • Protective Clothing
  • Engine Protection Systems
  • Ignition Systems (Ground and Aerial)

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

some subtle improvements
Some Subtle Improvements

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

some subtle improvements22
Some Subtle Improvements
  • Remote Automatic Weather Stations

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

some subtle improvements23
Some Subtle Improvements
  • Remote Automatic Weather Stations
  • Fire Behavior Modeling

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

some subtle improvements24
Some Subtle Improvements
  • Remote Automatic Weather Stations
  • Fire Behavior Modeling
  • Satellite Technology (Green-up & Drought)

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

some subtle improvements25
Some Subtle Improvements
  • Remote Automatic Weather Stations
  • Fire Behavior Modeling
  • Satellite Technology (Green-up & Drought)
  • Lightning Detection

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

research development facilities
Research & Development Facilities

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

research development facilities27
Research & Development Facilities
  • CSIRO and NRE (Australia)

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

research development facilities28
Research & Development Facilities
  • CSIRO and NRE (Australia)
  • Private (i.e. Iturri Company, Spain)

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

research development facilities29
Research & Development Facilities
  • CSIRO and NRE (Australia)
  • Private (i.e. Iturri Company, Spain)
  • Canadian Forest Service

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

research development facilities30
Research & Development Facilities
  • CSIRO and NRE (Australia)
  • Private (i.e. Iturri Company, Spain)
  • Canadian Forest Service
  • Siberian Fire Research Labs

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

research development facilities31
Research & Development Facilities
  • CSIRO and NRE (Australia)
  • Private (i.e. Iturri Company, Spain)
  • Canadian Forest Service
  • Siberian Fire Research Labs
  • US Forest Service Fire Labs

and T&D Centers

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

our challenge

Our Challenge

“…coordinate integrated research among physical, biological and social science researchers to develop meaningful products, with effective technology transfer, for field firefighters….”

key components35
Key Components
  • Needed Information/Equipment
key components36
Key Components
  • Needed Information/Equipment
  • Cost Efficient
key components37
Key Components
  • Needed Information/Equipment
  • Cost Efficient
  • Timely
key components38
Key Components
  • Needed Information/Equipment
  • Cost Efficient
  • Timely
  • User-Friendly
who is your market40

Who is Your Market??

1st World, 2nd World, and 3rd World Nations, and their Firefighters

obstacles to improving wildfire safety44
Obstacles to Improving Wildfire Safety
  • Tradition
  • Ownership
  • Physical Limitations
obstacles to improving wildfire safety45
Obstacles to Improving Wildfire Safety
  • Tradition
  • Ownership
  • Physical Limitations
  • Costs
research opportunities to improve firefighter safety50
Knowledge-based

Equipment-based

Behavior-based

Health & Fitness

Research Opportunities to Improve Firefighter Safety
research opportunities to improve firefighter safety51
Knowledge-based

Equipment-based

Behavior-based

Health & Fitness

Decision Support Systems

Research Opportunities to Improve Firefighter Safety
research opportunities to improve firefighter safety52
Knowledge-based

Equipment-based

Behavior-based

Health & Fitness

Decision Support Systems

Urban Interface

Research Opportunities to Improve Firefighter Safety
knowledge based54
Knowledge-Based
  • Fire Weather
knowledge based55
Knowledge-Based
  • Fire Weather
  • Fire Behavior
knowledge based56
Knowledge-Based
  • Fire Weather
  • Fire Behavior
    • Spotting
knowledge based57
Knowledge-Based
  • Fire Weather
  • Fire Behavior
    • Spotting
    • Crowning
knowledge based58
Knowledge-Based
  • Fire Weather
  • Fire Behavior
    • Spotting
    • Crowning
    • Extreme Behavior
knowledge based59
Knowledge-Based
  • Fire Weather
  • Fire Behavior
    • Spotting
    • Crowning
    • Extreme Behavior
  • Smoke Management
some success stories61
Some Success Stories
  • Project Vesta (Australia)
some success stories62
Some Success Stories
  • Project Vesta (Australia)
  • Int. Crown Fire Modeling Expt. (Canada)
equipment based64
Equipment - Based
  • Protective Clothing
equipment based65
Equipment - Based
  • Protective Clothing
  • Personal Shelters
    • Australian Blankets
    • U.S Fire Shelters
equipment based66
Equipment - Based
  • Protective Clothing
  • Personal Shelters
    • Australian Blankets
    • U.S Fire Shelters
  • Respiratory Protection
equipment based67
Equipment - Based
  • Protective Clothing
  • Personal Shelters
    • Australian Blankets
    • U.S Fire Shelters
  • Respiratory Protection
  • Engines/Tankers
behavior based69
Behavior-Based
  • Human Factors
behavior based70
Behavior-Based
  • Human Factors
  • Crew Cohesion
behavior based71
Behavior-Based
  • Human Factors
  • Crew Cohesion
  • Fireline Leadership
behavior based72
Behavior-Based
  • Human Factors
  • Crew Cohesion
  • Fireline Leadership
  • Decision-Making Under Stress
health fitness based
Health & Fitness-Based

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

health fitness based74
Health & Fitness-Based
  • Work Capacity Tests

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

health fitness based75
Health & Fitness-Based
  • Work Capacity Tests
  • Nutrition

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

health fitness based76
Health & Fitness-Based
  • Work Capacity Tests
  • Nutrition
  • Injury Analysis

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

health fitness based77
Health & Fitness-Based
  • Work Capacity Tests
  • Nutrition
  • Injury Analysis
  • Work Hardening

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

health fitness based78
Health & Fitness-Based
  • Work Capacity Tests
  • Nutrition
  • Injury Analysis
  • Work Hardening
  • Work/Rest/Fatigue

Blackbull Wildfire Services Missoula, Montana USA

decision support systems80
Decision Support Systems
  • Integration of GPS/GIS/IR
decision support systems81
Decision Support Systems
  • Integration of GPS/GIS/IR
  • Dispatch Automation and Coordination
decision support systems82
Decision Support Systems
  • Integration of GPS/GIS/IR
  • Dispatch Automation and Coordination
  • Risk Analysis Processes
wildland interface fires84
Wildland Interface Fires
  • Firesafe Building Materials
wildland interface fires85
Wildland Interface Fires
  • Firesafe Building Materials
  • Vegetation Management
wildland interface fires86
Wildland Interface Fires
  • Firesafe Building Materials
  • Vegetation Management
  • Public Education
wildland interface fires87
Wildland Interface Fires
  • Firesafe Building Materials
  • Vegetation Management
  • Public Education
  • Structure Protection Systems
bringing our research efforts together92
Universities

Professional Societies

Conferences

U.N./E.U.

Bringing Our Research Efforts Together….
bringing our research efforts together93
Universities

Professional Societies

Conferences

U.N./E.U.

IUFFRO

Bringing Our Research Efforts Together….
bringing our research efforts together94
Universities

Professional Societies

Conferences

U.N./E.U.

IUFFRO

Government Agencies

Bringing Our Research Efforts Together….