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Forgiveness & Redemption. “He has rescued us from the power of darkness and transferred us into the kingdom of His beloved Son, in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins” Colossians 1:14. Sofia Villafuerte. Forgiveness.

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forgiveness redemption

Forgiveness & Redemption

“He has rescued us from the power of darkness and transferred us into the kingdom of His beloved Son, in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins” Colossians 1:14

Sofia Villafuerte

  • The act of pardoning someone for a wrongdoing they have committed
  • Forgiveness is a transaction between 2 parties the forgiver & the forgivee
  • Forgiver; the one who offers & gives pardon
  • Forgivee; the one who receives & accepts pardon
  • It is God who forgives and man who accepts His mercy
  • God is ready to pardon His people & more than happy to forgive because He is a kind & loving God
  • The goodness of God leads man to confess & repent
  • God loved the world even before He gave His only Son, Jesus, to die for our sins
  • Before God grants forgiveness, those who ask for pardon must confess & repent in order to receive absolution
  • When we have confessed our sins then & only will we receive forgiveness
  • The natural consequences of sin are lifted by forgiveness
  • God has taken away the consequences of sin so that we don’t have to bear them
  • When people are forgiven the shame, guilt & illness are taken away from them
  • A guilty conscience can lead to physical consequences such as disease
  • Removal of affliction & pain is associated with forgiveness
  • Those who are forgiven are blessed by God
  • There is connection between forgiveness & healing
  • When man turns their back on God’s path, they return from evil and go back to God through forgiveness
  • Forgiveness in the Bible is translated from Hebrew and Greek words with different meanings
  • All words are linked with God’s forgiveness through the death of Jesus which deals with cancelling the consequences of sin and allows man to receive God’s mercy through repentance & confession
hebrew term nasaw calach
Hebrew Term: Nasaw & Calach


  • Means to lift up, bear, carry, sustain, take away, to bring about forgiveness
  • Associated with God removing sin for the sake of mankind so that we don’t have to bear the burden


  • Translated as to “pardon” or “forgive”
  • Associated with Man rebelling and being forgiven by God through repentance
greek terms apoluo aphiemi
Greek Terms: Apoluo & Aphiemi


  • Means “to release”
  • Associated with realising and liberating individuals from the destructive effects of guilt such as illness


  • Translates to “send away the guilt”
  • Associated with the removal of disease through forgiveness
ideas related to forgiveness
Ideas related to Forgiveness
  • Forgiveness already existed before Jesus’ death on the cross. Many believe that God would retain malice in His heart if the sacrificial lamb wasn’t offered and that God was only appeased of His hostility towards man through the crucifixion of Jesus. However the events at the cross did not cause change in God’s attitude towards mankind, it displayed God’s sincere sentiments towards man. If God did not have pre-existing love for humanity then He would not have sacrificed His only for us.
ideas related to forgiveness1
Ideas related to Forgiveness
  • God’s gift of a sacrificial lamb was led by God’s love for everybody, including sinners
  • When we are conscience stricken and struggling with guilt, God is not condemning us but working to win us back from sin’s consequences
  • God is greater than the heart and although our hearts and spirits condemn us, God’s spirit of love and forgiveness is trying to help us make the right choice to repent and avoid the cost of sin.
  • God is aware that we are imperfect and allows for mistakes and makes provisions for sins
ideas related to forgiveness2
Ideas related to Forgiveness
  • After we have confessed and repented God doesn’t want us to carry the burden of sin around as He has forgiven us, He wants us to forgive ourselves
  • God’s attitude towards sinners is one of complete love and forgiveness
  • God loves us despite our sins God’s goodness is what leads us to repentance and is there even before we respond to Him
ideas related to forgiveness3
Ideas related to Forgiveness
  • God achieves “charizomai” through forgiveness; to show one’s gracious benevolent nature, to give graciously
  • God has always loved man and has always provided the means to remove guilt and shame from the beginning
  • Forgiveness happens in the heart
forgiveness within the old testament
Forgiveness within the Old Testament
  • In Leviticus 4 God speaks of “Sin Offerings” to Moses. He states that sin not only affects the life of the sinner but also affects the lives the sinner touches. God preaches that “if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the LORD; though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity." (Lev 5:17) and must perform sacrificial offerings to gain forgiveness.
forgiveness within the old testament1
Forgiveness within the Old Testament
  • The Old Testament proclaims the new state of those who are forgiven and comments that "Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven , whose sin is covered." (Psalm 32:1)
  • The Old Testament emphasizes the forgiving quality of God advocating his merciful and loving nature: "Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon." (Isaiah 55:7)
forgiveness within luke
Forgiveness within Luke
  • Judging Others(6:37-42) PSS

“Forgive, and you will be forgiven” (6:38)

  • The Crucifixion of Jesus(23:26-43) PSS

“Jesus said, ‘Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.’ And they cast lots to divide his clothing” (23:34)

  • A Sinful Woman Forgiven (7:36-50)

“Therefore, I tell you, her sins which were many, have been forgiven; hence she has shown great love. But the one to whom little is forgiven, love little” (7:47)

significance for the lukan audience
Significance for the Lukan audience
  • The theme of forgiveness in Luke is present throughout the entire gospel
  • Luke’s message is that forgiveness is available for all who seek pardon. Even the outcasts of society were forgiven and healed because of their faith
  • Jesus is portrayed as a compassionate Messiah who showed mercy to all even to those who treated him atrociously and rejected him
  • Jesus teaches the value of forgiveness amongst the people to emphasize the importance of loving your enemies and acting with kindness towards one another
links between the old testament and luke
Links between the Old Testament and Luke
  • Although it seems that the form of sacrificial offerings in the Old Testament is not linked to Jesus’ sacrifice, the ideology is based on the same theory that the sinner must make a guilt offering and acknowledge his responsibility for the sin
  • Both texts focus on the need to admit wrongdoing and the need to ask for forgiveness
  • Both texts portray the physical effects of sin through disease and social castigation
  • The restoration of man from the bondage of sin to the liberty of the children of God through the satisfactions and merits of Jesus
  • Defined as what man must do in order to redeem themselves from the burden of sin and be liberated
  • Deliverance from the slave of sin
  • The term redemption comes from a Greek word literally meaning “a loosing” particularly by paying a price
  • Jesus’ death seen as atonement
  • Refers to the special intervention of God for the salvation of mankind
  • Christ was the price paid, the sacrificial lamb, for human redemption which is why Christ is called the redeemer
ideas related to redemption
Ideas related to Redemption
  • Redemption is a necessity
  • Since redemption is a necessity there must be a bondage which is the consequence of sin against God
  • Must understand the reality of the great cost of sin “for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God” (Romans 3:23) and “For the wages of sin is death” (Romans 6:23)
  • Penalty of sin is death and the death is only avoided if the penalty is paid by the death of another (sacrifice of an animal is not enough only Jesus is sufficient payment for humanity’s debt)
redemption in the old testament
Redemption in the Old Testament
  • In the Old Testament redemption meant a “ransom price” which came from a Hebrew word meaning to sever or to deliver
  • People were delivered from their sins through a price; mostly sacrificial offerings
  • The example of the Passover shows the paid price for the salvation of the Israelite people to escape from Egyptian oppression. The blood of the sacrificial lamb saved the chosen people whilst the blood of the first born Egyptians were not spared.
redemption in the old testament1
Redemption in the Old Testament
  • In Leviticus the value of blood as atonement is emphasized, “For the life of the flesh is in the blood; and I have given it to you for making atonement for your lives on the altar; for, as life, it is the blood that makes atonement” (Lev 17:11)
redemption in luke
Redemption in Luke
  • Jesus Appears to His Disciples (24:36-49) PSS

“everything written about me in the law of Moses, the prophets and the psalms must be fulfilled… Thus it is written that the Messiah is to suffer and to rise from the dead on the third day, and that repentance and forgiveness of sins is to be proclaimed in His name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem” (24:44-47)

redemption in luke1
Redemption in Luke
  • The Coming of the Son of Man (21:25-28)

“There will be signs in the sun, the moon and the stars, and on earth distress among nations confused by the roaring of the sea and the waves. People will faint from fear and foreboding of what is coming upon the world, for the powers of the heavens will be shaken. Then they will see ‘the Son of Man coming in a cloud’ with power and great glory. Now when these things begin to take place, stand up and raise your heads, because your redemption is drawing near” (21:25-28)

significance for the lukan audience1
Significance for the Lukan audience
  • In Luke redemption is seen as the “great price” for man’s liberation.
  • Jesus is portrayed as the redeemer of society through his ministry & death
  • The Lukan audience is encouraged to remain faithful by emphasizing Jesus’ atonement for their sins and the fulfillment of redemption through his sacrifice
links between the old testament luke
Links between the Old Testament & Luke
  • In Luke’s Gospel he refers to many Old Testament scriptures when preaching about redemption

Luke 24:44 refers to the law of Moses, the prophets and psalms

Luke 1:32 refers to the Davidic line and the Messianic prophecy

  • In both texts redemption comes at a price that must be paid as an obligation for atonement
  • Both portray redemption of man through the coming of the “Son of the Most High” (Lk 1:32) as an inevitable event
  • Robert Tannehill, 1996, “LUKE”, Abingdon Press, America
  • Luke Johnson, 1991, “Sacra Pagina”, Liturgical Press, America