ETHANOL. Objectives. Explaining the process of fermentation and distillation in the manufacturing of alcoholic beverages. Discussing the uses of ethanol. Uses of Ethanol. A solvent As fuel In the beverage industry. A solvent.
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Objectives • Explaining the process of fermentation and distillation in the manufacturing of alcoholic beverages. • Discussing the uses of ethanol.
Uses of Ethanol • A solvent • As fuel • In the beverage industry
A solvent • Ethanol has low toxicity, volatility and antiseptic properties & can dissolve non-polar substances. • Used in : -Pharmaceutical Industry -Cosmetic Industry.
As Fuel • Fuel additive • Higher octane rating than gasoline; octane enhancer. • Burns cleaner than gasoline and diesel due to complete combustion.
Beverage Industry • Alcohol concentration specified in proof or in percent alcohol by volume (ABV) • The ratio of the “proof” measurement to the ABV is roughly 2:1 (70 proof= 35% ABV)