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Oklahoma Chapter American Planning Association 2007. The Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook John M. Dugan AICP. Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook. Community Land Use Planning In Oklahoma Chapter 1. The Purposes of Land Use Planning

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Oklahoma chapter american planning association 2007

Oklahoma Chapter American Planning Association 2007

The Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

John M. Dugan AICP


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Community Land Use Planning In Oklahoma

  • Chapter 1. The Purposes of Land Use Planning

    • 1. Establishing a path towards the future :

      • Good government in the public interest

      • General consensus on community’s vision of the future

      • Anticipate problems and prepare for growth


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook1
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • 2. Development Guidance

    • Deciding how land will be used and for what purposes.

    • Tools include zoning ordinances, subdivision regulations, comprehensive plans, capital improvement programs.


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook2
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • 3. Community Redevelopment

    • Renewal of the physical, social and economic quality of communities in need.

    • Coordination of public services, rehabilitation of housing, increase employment, improve public safety.


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook3
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • 4. Economic Development

    • Creation of new jobs and renewal of the local economy and creation of wealth

    • Land zoned for employment

    • Good street and utility infrastructure

    • Enhanced quality of life services; schools, parks, recreation opportunities.


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook4
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Chapter 2. Roles and Relationships of the Planning Commission

  • 1. The Origin of the Planning Commission

    • Herbert Hoover’s Standard Planning and Zoning Enabling Acts in 1920s.

    • All states adopted and authorized zoning and planning for local jurisdictions.


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook5
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • 2. Roles of the Planning Commission

    • Recommendations to the legislative body on rezoning, ordinance amendments, subdivision plats, capital improvement programs and projects.

    • Preparing the Comprehensive Plan

    • Exploration of long range community issues


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook6
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • 3. Planning Commission Relationships with Other Development Partners

    • Recommendations to the legislative body

    • Informing and educating the public on planning issues and solutions

    • Collaboration with various agency staffs

    • Establishing good public meeting practices


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook7
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • 4. The Public Hearing Process Provides:

    • A clear purpose

    • Legal notice following Oklahoma Statutes

    • Convenient time and place

    • Clear agenda

    • Strong Chairperson who can guide the hearings

    • Adequate time allotted for public comments

    • Permanent record of actions taken


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook8
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • 5. Different Roles of the Governing Body and the Planning Commission

    • Governing body is elected to make land use policy

    • Commission is appointed to work within the policy established in land use ordinances

    • Commission is a technical consultant to the legislative body on land use and community future


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook9
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Chapter 3. Comprehensive and Strategic Planning.

  • 1. Historical Context

    • Oklahoma statutes authorize local planning and zoning

    • Purpose to aid the legislative body in determining the long range needs of the community, coordinate capital improvements, and prepare plans for community development.


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook10
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Primary Planning Models.

    • There are three major types of planning:

    • 1. Comprehensive Planning

    • 2. Strategic Planning

    • 3. Future Search Planning or Visioning


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook11
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Comprehensive Planning

    • What is it?

    • Advantages and Disadvantages

    • Process. 6 Steps: 1. Determine needs. 2.Set Directions 3. Research. 4. Plan formulation. 5. Implementation. 6. Monitoring and Revision.


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook12
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Strategic Planning

    • What is it?

    • When is it the best choice?

    • Process: 1. Establish a Response Structure. 2. Environmental Scan. 3. Select Key Issues. 4. Identify Solutions.

      4. Develop Goals and Strategies. 5. Action Plan. 6. Monitor and Revise.


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook13
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Future Search Planning or Visioning

    • What is it?

    • Advantages?

    • Process: 1. Response structure. 2. Preliminary meetings. 3. Weekend Conference. 4. Implementation.


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook14
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Deciding which planning model to use.

    • Each is different in time and cost.

    • If needs are short-term and outcomes immediate, use Strategic Planning or Visioning. If there are many issues and they are long-term, Comprehensive Planning is most appropriate.


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook15
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Public Participation Procedures

    • Meetings

    • Public Opinion Surveying

    • Visioning techniques

    • Media Releases

    • Image Analyses (Visual Preferences)

    • Community Indicators

    • Web


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook16
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Care and Feeding of Your Plan.

    • Adopt the Plan Formally

    • Evaluation

    • Adjust

    • Revise


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook17
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Chapter 4. Zoning

  • 1. Purpose of Zoning

  • 2. Legal Basis

  • 3. Ordinance Structure

  • 4. Zoning Decisions-Legislative and Judicial

  • 5. Special Exceptions

  • 6. Zoning Issues


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook18
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Purposes of Zoning

    • Implement Comprehensive Plan

    • Protect Property Rights

    • Ensure efficient public services

    • Protect the Environment

    • Promote Economic Development

    • Set standards for development


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook19
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Legal Basis of Zoning-Constitutional Limits

    • Due Process

    • Equal Protection

    • Takings

    • Bill of Rights Freedoms


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook20
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Structure of Zoning Ordinances

    • Map-Defines geographic area

    • Text-Defines zoning districts, rules, procedures for changes, and administrative responsibilities.

    • Districts or zones

    • Use Regulations

    • Design Standards


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook21
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Zoning Approaches

    • Cumulative Districts

    • Special Purpose Districts

    • Performance Standards

    • Overlay Districts

    • Planned Unit Development (PUD)


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook22
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Types of Zoning Decisions

    • Legislative

    • Advisory

    • Quasi-judicial

    • Administrative


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook23
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Other Zoning Topics and Issues

    • Special Exceptions

    • Conflicts of Interest

    • Open Meetings

    • Vested Rights

    • Amortization

    • Spot Zoning

    • Contract Zoning


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook24
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Other Zoning Issues continued

    • Planned Unit Development

    • Aesthetic Standards/Signs/Historic Preservation

    • Nonconformities

    • Family and Group Care Homes

    • Manufactured Housing

    • Alcohol Sales

    • Sexually-Oriented Businesses


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook25
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Chapter 5. Land Subdivision

  • 1. Purposes of Land Subdivision Regulation

  • 2. Legal Authority

  • 3. Role of the Planning Commission

  • 4. Subdivision Review Process

  • 5. Guaranteeing Developer Performance

  • 6. Subdivision Design Issues

  • 7. Special Types of Subdivisions


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook26
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Purposes of Land Subdivision Regulations

    • Ensure proper public improvements

    • Establish good land records.

    • Protect the buyer of lots.

    • Implement the Comprehensive Plan and Zoning Regulations.


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook27
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Legal Authority

    • Oklahoma Statutes Titles 11 and 19.

    • Permits requiring: recordation of lots.

    • Dedication of easements and rights of way.

    • Coordination of streets and public facilities.

    • Bonding to ensure compliance.

    • Civil remedies for violations.


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook28
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Role of the Planning Commission

    • Review of Plats

    • Advice on Ordinance Changes

    • Advice on Development Policy


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook29
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Subdivision Review Process

    • Pre-application

    • Preliminary Plat submission and review

      *Agency referral process

      *Technical Review Committee


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook30
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Subdivision Review Process continued

    • Planning Commission Actions

      • Preliminary Plat Public Hearing

      • Conditional Approvals

      • Deferrals

      • Variances and Modifications

      • Decision Criteria

      • Final Plat, Approval Criteria, Recording


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook31
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Guaranteeing Developer Performance

    • How to ensure improvements are made in a timely manner?

      • Require them before final plats

      • Financial guarantee

        *Letter of credit, surety bond, cash,

        withholding occupancy permits.


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook32
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Subdivision Design and Improvement Issues

    • Boundaries

    • Critical areas

    • Storm water management

    • Curbing

    • Public or Private Streets

    • Utilities

    • Septic Tanks and other waste treatments


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook33
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Subdivision Design and Improvement Issues Continued.

    • Cul-de-sac and stub-outs

    • Lot design-flags, panhandles, etc.

    • Subdivision Hardware:

      • Pavements, drainage, sidewalks, walls, hydrants, signs, lights, landscaping.


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook34
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Special Types of Subdivisions

    • Cluster Residential Subdivisions

    • Manufactured Home Subdivisions

    • Neo-traditional Subdivisions


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook35
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Chapter 6. Best Practices and Current Issues

    1. Smart Growth

    2. New Urbanism

    3. Sustainable Development

    4. Urban Design

    5. Form-Based Codes

    6. Site Planning


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook36
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Smart Growth

    • Mixed Land Uses

    • Compact Building Design

    • Range of Housing Choices

    • Walkable Neighborhoods

    • Sense of Place

    • Preservation of Open Space

    • Infill Development

    • Transportation Choices

    • Predictable Development Process

    • Community/Stakeholder Collaboration


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook37
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • New Urbanism

    • Walkability

    • Connectivity

    • Mixed Use and Diversity

    • Mixed Housing

    • Quality Design

    • Traditional Neighborhood Structure

    • Increased Density

    • Smart Transportation

    • Sustainabililty


Oklahoma planning commissioner s handbook38
Oklahoma Planning Commissioner’s Handbook

  • Site Planning

  • Sustainable Development

  • Form-Based Codes

  • Planning Terms