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„Puppy Trade in Europe A lack of traceability, threat to the European Market and One Health” An event organized by VIER PFOTEN International 26 November 2013, European Parliament. Dog Trade EU Legislation and Enforcement. Sophie Duthoit European Legal Research Officer

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dog trade eu legislation and enforcement

„Puppy Trade in Europe

A lack of traceability, threat to the European Market and One Health”

An event organized by VIER PFOTEN International

26 November 2013, European Parliament

Dog Trade EU Legislation and Enforcement

Sophie Duthoit

European Legal Research Officer

VIER PFOTEN / FOUR PAWS European Policy Office

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VIER PFOTEN/FOUR PAWS, European Policy Office

19/11 Avenue de la Renaissance, 1000 Brussels (Belgium)

+32 2 740 08 88 sophie.duthoit@vier-pfoten.eu

facts and figures dogs in europe and in the worldwide

Facts and Figures – Dogs in Europe and in the Worldwide

Source: FEDIAF, 2010

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source fediaf and eupaw 2010

Facts and Figures –

Dogs in private households in Europe

Source: FEDIAF and EUPAW, 2010

27% of EU household keep at least one dog.

Italy, France, UK, Germany, Belgium = 63% of pets owned in Europe

facts and figures dogs in private households in europe

Dog market:

  • Data are very difficult to collect
  • Germany: 150,000 of the 500.000 puppies coming in German households each year are imported
  • Belgium: On 155,000 registered dogs, more than 30,000 are imported
          • 10,448 came from Slovakia
          • 9,042 came from Czech Republic
          • 2,649 came from Hungary
  • Illegal Dog Trade: ??? Data are even more difficult to obtain !

Facts and Figures – Dogs in private households in Europe

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what dog trade involves

What « dog trade » involves ?

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breeders

Breeders

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sellers

Sellers

« Puppy Markets »

Petshops

Classified Adds

(Internet or Newspapers)

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retailers

Retailers

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carriers

Carriers

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health and welfare

Health and Welfare

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buyers consumers

Buyers (Consumers)

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eu legislation

BREEDING

  • TRADE (sellers and advertisement)
  • Planned EU Survey on cats and dogstrade (2014)
  • TRANSPORT
  • Regulation 1/2005
  • HEALTH
  • Directive 92/65 on sanitaryrequirements
  • Callisto Project
  • CONSUMERS PROTECTION

EU Legislation

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eu legislation1

HEALTH

  • Council Directive 92/65/EEC of 13 July 1992 laying down animal health requirements governing trade in and imports into the Community of animals (…)
    • Applies only when the dogs cross the borders
    • Pet Passport with identification and vaccination
    • Requires a Health Certificate of less than 24 Hours
  • NO REGISTRATION of the dogs and NO COMMON DATABASE
          • = NO TRACEABILITY
  • POLITICAL level: CALLISTO Projectabout zoonoses affectingcompanionanimals

EU Legislation

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eu legislation2

TRANSPORT

  • Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 of 22 December 2004 on the protection of animals during transport and related operations
  •  Applies to transporters, organisers, drivers and "keepers"
    • Record of the movement in the TRACES system
    • 8 weeks minimum for dogs to be transported unless puppies are accompanied by their mother
    • Pet Passport, Vaccination and Chip mandatory
    • Water every 8 hours and Food every 24 hours
    • GPS, logbook….
    • Animals should not be injured or sick
    • In addition: specific requirements for travels of more than 8 hours

EU Legislation

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national legislation selected examples

VERY DIVERSE REQUIREMENTS

  • BREEDING
    • Some countries are allowingprivatebreeding: France, Belgium, Croatia, Germany, Latvia…
  • TRADE (sellers and advertisement)
      • Diverse requirements for sellingdogs in petshops
      • Belgiumis the only State to have limited the advertisementof trade
  • TRANSPORT
    • Requirements of Regulation 1/2005

National Legislation(selectedexamples)

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national legislation selected examples1

HEALTH

    • I&Rismandatory in some States: Belgium, Luxembourg, Lithuania, Latvia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Greece…
  • DOG WELFARE
    • Prohibition of earcropping and taildockingin several States: Belgium, Croatia, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Lithuania…
  • CONSUMERS PROTECTION
    • Some States obliged the seller to respect somerequirements (list ofredhibitorydefects): France, Belgium, Lithuania, Latvia, Greece…
    • Some States have a special Ombudsman or a specialprosecutor to deal with animal welfare issues (Austria, Luxembourg…)

National Legislation(selectedexamples)

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problem definition

EU LEVEL

  • NO intra EU borders= no systematicchecks of the imports/ exports
  • NO EU rulescovering all aspects of the trade
  • NO traceabilitybecauseno mandatory Identification and Registration of dogs, and the TRACES system is not adequate for dog trade
  • NATIONAL LEVEL:
  • NO properenforcementof the transport Regulation and sanitarylegislation
  • NO effective protection of consumerswhobought a ill dog

ProblemDefinition

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solution strategies

EU LEVEL

  • Strict enforcement of the transport and sanitaryrules
  • Legislation on dog and cat trade
  • Mandatory Identification and Registration of each dog in common compatible databaseslinked to a European System (such as EuroPetNet)
  • NATIONAL LEVEL:
  • Licencing system for breeders
  • Control of the Internet Trade
  • Stricter penalties for illegal traders
  • Consumer awareness

Solution Strategies

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thank you for attention
THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION!

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for more information

Pleaseconsult

The EuropeanEnforcementNetwork’swebsite:

www.lawyersforanimalprotection.eu

Or contact me :sophie.duthoit@vier-pfoten.eu

Formore Information

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