araliaceae n.
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Araliaceae. Ginseng Family. Characteristics. Family characterized by flowers in umbels or clusters with 5 stamens and 5 petals Sepals are either small or absent Fruit develops below where petals attach

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araliaceae

Araliaceae

Ginseng Family

characteristics
Characteristics
  • Family characterized by flowers in umbels or clusters with 5 stamens and 5 petals
  • Sepals are either small or absent
  • Fruit develops below where petals attach
  • Many species are cultivated for their leaves and the roots of the genus Panax, the ginsengs, are used for medicinal reasons
wild sarsparilla aralia nudicaulis
Wild Sarsparilla(Aralianudicaulis)
  • Flowers are in round clusters about 1 to 2 in across and are white or greenish with 5 petals and 5 white-tipped stamens
  • Usually 3 clusters of flowers that branch off of a naked stem
  • Leaves are compound in groups of 3-7 and each leaflet is 3-5 in long. They are oval with finely toothed edges
  • Leaves tower over the shorter stem of flowers and hides them
  • Fruit is a berry that is green and when it ripens it becomes dark purple
america spikenard aralia racemosa
America Spikenard (Araliaracemosa)
  • Perennial that grows up to 3m tall
  • Leaves are large, up to 80 cm, ternately divided (consisting of 3 leaflets)
  • Each leaflet approx. 15 cm long, acuminate to round at the base with double serrate margins
  • Flowers are in branching cluster of umbels up to 20 cm long, white to greenish in color, perfect, and have 5 petals and 5 stamens
  • Fruit is a cluster of round drupes that are red when immature and dark purple when ripe
sources
Sources
  • "Araliaceae." Absolute Astronomy. 2009. Web. 16 Feb 2010. <http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Araliaceae>.
  • Chayka, K. "Aralianudicaulis (Wild Sasparilla)." Minnesota Wildflowers. 2010. Minnesota Wildflowers, Web. 16 Feb 2010. <http://www.minnesotawildflowers.info/flower/wild-sarsaparilla>.
  • Goertz, Derek. "Araliaracemosa." Northern Ontario Plant Database. 2010. Web. 16 Feb 2010. <http://www.northernontarioflora.ca/description.cfm?speciesid=1001478>.
  • Pictures
    • http://www.minnesotawildflowers.info/flower/wild-sarsaparilla
    • http://www.ct-botanical-society.org/galleries/aralianudi.html
    • http://www.ct-botanical-society.org/galleries/araliarace.html