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Why worry about STIs?. 1. STIs significantly increase risk of getting or giving HIV - Ulcers provide entry & exit points - Increased virus in genital secretions - Increased target cells for HIV in genitals - Where condom use is low, treatment of STIs

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Presentation Transcript
why worry about stis
Why worry about STIs?

1. STIs significantly increase risk of

getting or giving HIV

- Ulcers provide entry & exit points

- Increased virus in genital secretions

- Increased target cells for HIV in genitals

- Where condom use is low, treatment of STIs

can have a significant impact

why worry about stis2
Why worry about STIs?

2. STIs are a common health problem

- 340 million new infections in 1999

- 85% in developing countries

- Among top 5 disease categories for which

adults seek health care

- 2nd highest burden of disease in women

aged 15 - 49 years

why worry about stis3
Why worry about STIs?

3. STIs have serious health consequences

- Infertility in men & women

- Systemic illness

- Cancers

- Chronic lower abdominal pain

- Ectopic pregnancy

- Spontaneous abortion

- Stillbirth

- Illness & death of newborn

why worry about stis4
Why worry about STIs?

4. STIs have serious social consequences

- Stigma of STI

- Stigma of infertility

- Relationship problems

- Rejection

- Violence

why worry about stis5
Why worry about STIs?

5. Many STIs are completely & easily cured with appropriate treatment

6. All STIs are preventable