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Gender M ainstreaming Policy in Nepal. Manamaya Pangeni. Need of Gender Mainstreaming. Un-succesed Development Plan without women Increase discrimination to women Increase Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) Increase violence against women Increase conflict in community

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Gender m ainstreaming policy in nepal
Gender Mainstreaming Policy in Nepal


Need of gender mainstreaming
Need of Gender Mainstreaming

  • Un-succesed Development Plan without women

  • Increase discrimination to women

  • Increase Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR)

  • Increase violence against women

  • Increase conflict in community

  • Realization of sustainable development with out involvement of women

Provision on constitution
Provision on Constitution

  • The Interim Constitution ensures that the Women’s right as a fundamental rights (article 20)

  • Emphasis on Policy, Legal and Institutional reform to eliminate all forms of discrimination, the protection and rehabilitation of the conflict affected women, Gender mainstreaming in all sector of development

  • Affirmative actions insuring 33 % representation of women in all state machinery

Provision on constitution1
Provision on Constitution

  • Elimination of gender based violence

  • Institutional capacity development of the national mechanism for gender mainstreaming engendering the macroeconomic framework and implementation of the gender management system.


  • 1945: Establishment of UN

  • 1948: Human right declaration

  • 1963: Convention on Political rights of women

  • 1966: Bill of rights

    *Civil and political rights

    * Economic, social and cultural rights

  • Address gender mainstreaming in ECOSOC


  • 1979: Convention on the elimination of all form of discrimination against women ( Nepal had ratified)

  • 1990: ICPD (Focused on reproductive right of


  • 1991: Queto protocol (Focused on sustainable development and concern with gender in all development practices)

  • 1995: 4 th Conference of CEDAW and find out 12 critical areas of BPFA


  • 1999: Establishment of MWCSW

  • 2000: MDG (Integrated all concerns in one place and found out 8 areas of development )

  • 2002: GFP formed in Nepal

  • 2004:GRBC formed

  • 2007: Started gender budget in development program

  • Now 17.3% Gender budget aloocated.

National plan of action
National Plan of Action


  • BPFA

  • Anti-trafficking of women and girl

  • 10 year national plan of action for children

  • Gender based violence

Act regulations and guidelines
Act ,Regulations and Guidelines

  • Child Right

  • Human Trafficking

  • Domestic Violence

  • Gender and Child Right Mainstreaming guidelines (District level)

Development plan
Development Plan

  • Started in 2013 B.S.

  • 2037-2042 B.S.: 6th Development Plan (WID, welfare approach), Focused women education, health, family planning, capacity development ( addressed only practical need )

  • 2042-2047: 7th Development Plan (WAD, participatory approach)

  • 2054-2059: 9th Development Plan (GAD, right based approach)

  • 2059-2064: 10th Development Plan (Develop GM strategy for gender equality, women empowerment, economic growth and alleviation of poverty


  • 1950-70: Welfare approach

  • 1970-90: Participatory Approach

  • 1990- Till : Right based approach (inclusive development approach)

Policy and program
Policy and Program

  • Women Development Program based on NPA

    ( CEDAW and BPFA)

  • 1982: Started WDP (PCRW)

  • Present : 75 Distract, 3043 VDC and 478000 member in rural, poor and marginalized women

  • Women co-operative :1410 (CBO’s)

  • Target Group : Poor, ultra poor and multiple poor

Mandate of dwd
Mandate of DWD…

  • Implement the approved program on women's development

  • Assist the ministry in formulation policy and legislation on women's development

  • Monitor and evaluate women's development

  • Impact the necessary skill training to women

  • Carryout functions women's empowerment

Mandate of dwd1
Mandate of DWD…

  • Carryout functions related to controlling trafficking in girl prostitution , domestic violence and other offences against women

  • Carryout functions related to national or international seminars, symposia and conference on women and

  • Collect and publish information on women's development based on national plan of action on CEDAW and BPFA

Process of implementation
Process of Implementation

  • Organize women into neighborly group of 4-7 member and start mobilization savings

  • Federate neighborly group into ward level (inter group) committees

  • Impart gender training 3 days duration to husbands and wives together

Process of implementation1
Process of Implementation….

  • Carry out need based activities, including those related to earning a livelihood

  • Mobilize revolving funds

  • Federate ward level committees into VDC level co-operatives and

  • Take the back seat and support women – led initiatives.