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Developments with Pacific legislatures. Pacific Governance Network Suva, Fiji 1-2 December 2008. Pacific Centre. UNDP in the Pacific. UNDP Pacific Centre Technical advice for country programmes Regional initiatives UNDP Country Offices

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developments with pacific legislatures

Developments with Pacific legislatures

Pacific Governance Network

Suva, Fiji

1-2 December 2008

Pacific Centre

undp in the pacific
UNDP in the Pacific
  • UNDP Pacific Centre
    • Technical advice for country programmes
    • Regional initiatives
  • UNDP Country Offices
    • Fiji Multi-Country Office: Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Republic of the Marshall Islands, Palau, Vanuatu, Tuvalu, Tonga, Kiribati, Nauru
      • Solomon Islands Sub-Office
    • Samoa MCO: Samoa, Cook Islands, Tokelau and Niue
    • Papua New Guinea CO

UNDP Pacific Centre

legislatures gg human development
Legislatures, GG & human development
  • Historically, donors have engaged with Exec branch
    • Exec responsible for developing budget, negotiating internationally, implementing policy domestically, etc
  • Esp in Westminster countries, sometimes blurred the line between Exec and Legislature
    • Compare experience in US-Pres system - Palau and FSM
  • BUT increasingly development partners recognise vital role played by legislatures in national development framework

UNDP Pacific Centre

good gov sust human development
Good Gov & Sust Human Development
  • Most Pacific Island countries’ National Development Strategies/Plans reference GG & SHD
  • Recognition that national development founded on Good Governance
      • Participation- All men and women should have a voice in decision-making
      • Accountability- Decision-makers are accountable to the public and institutional stakeholders
      • Transparency–Open govt built on the free flow of information
      • Responsiveness- Institutions and processes serve all stakeholders
      • Equity- All men and women have opportunities to improve their well-being
      • Effectiveness and efficiency- Processes and institutions produce results that meet needs while making the best use of resources
      • Rule of law- Legal frameworks are fair and enforced impartially

UNDP Pacific Centre

good gov sust human development1
Good Gov & Sust Human Development
  • Pacific National Development Plans – guided by the Millennium Development Goals
    • Equitable social and protection services
    • Equitable economic growth and poverty reduction
    • Crisis prevention and recovery
    • Sustainable environmental management
  • MDGs endorsed by all Pacific Governments

UNDP Pacific Centre

legislatures gg human development1
Legislatures, GG & human development
  • Strong and independent legislatures can:
    • Enact pro-poor laws and regulations
    • Promote Exec accountability
    • Promote public participation
    • Promote implementation of international standards
    • Promote and protect human rights
    • Promote gender mainstreaming
    • Help mitigate conflict and local tensions

UNDP Pacific Centre

legislatures gg human development2
Legislatures, GG & human development
  • Key role through:
    • Law making
      • Promote pro-poor budgets and expenditure
      • Ensure all laws are human rights compliant, gender sensitive and pro-poor
    • Oversight of the executive
      • Promote development priorities and govt accountability
      • Mainstream development issues in all committees
      • Set up specific sectoral committees
    • Representation – giving the public a voice
      • Maximise public participation in law-making and oversight processes
      • Can provide a forum to air/discuss/debate grievances
      • Promote a sense of empowerment in individuals

UNDP Pacific Centre

developments in the region
Developments in the region

UNDP Activities with Legislatures

  • Parl projects in Solomon Islands, Marshall Islands
    • PNG and Fiji Projects previously
  • Designing more projects in Kiribati, Tuvalu, Tonga, FSM and Palau
    • Usually start with Induction Programme for MPs
    • Currently undertaking Legislative Needs Assessments – will then design projects
  • Parliamentary project components
    • Strengthen parliamentary secretariat
    • Support capacity development of MPs
    • Support civic education, including gendered approaches

UNDP Pacific Centre

developments in the region1
Developments in the region

Human rights

  • RRRT-SPC running regional human rights training for Pacific MPs

HIV/AIDS

  • PNG & Bougainville: Parliamentary Committees
  • New PPAPD Champions on HIV/AIDS (and Youth)

Aid oversight (+ conflict management)

  • Solomon Islands Foreign Affairs Parl Committee currently reviewing RAMSI Facilitation Act
    • Public hearings – open forum to air issues
  • Pacific: could consider promoting Pacific Plan oversight through use of parliamentary committees

UNDP Pacific Centre

developments in the region2
Developments in the region

Gender equality

  • New PIFS/UNDP Pacific Centre “CEDAW: Pocket Guide for MPs”
  • UNIFEM has new Gender Equality in Political Governance Programme
    • Including promotion of more women in parliaments
  • PIFS/UNDP Pacific Centre working on “Guide to Your Options: Using Temporary Special Measures to Promote Gender Balance in Pacific legislatures”

UNDP Pacific Centre

developments in the region3
Developments in the region

Benchmarking for democratic legislatures

  • Idea of developing benchmarks to assess “state of legislature”
    • Not comparative – not comparing across legislatures but across time
    • Not static - supposed to be able to track progress
    • Can be used as basis for developing indicators for parl support activities
  • Work to date – CPA, IPU, NDI

UNDP Pacific Centre

developments in the region4
Developments in the region
  • Pacific Parliamentary Assembly on Population and Development (PPAPD) / Forum Presiding Officers and Clerks (FPOC)
    • New regional Secretariat – will support national legislatures + undertake work regionally
    • Opportunity to promote better coordination + develop “regional parliamentary hub”
      • Explore regional parliamentary support services

UNDP Pacific Centre

slide13
Ms Charmaine RodriguesUNDP Regional Legislative Strengthening AdvisorPacific Centre, SuvaPh: +679 330 0399 x204Email: [email protected]

Pacific Centre

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