Comma Splices Fused sentences Run-on Sentences Fixing Fragments. Improving your writing. Definition of a Clause: part of a sentence with its own subject and predicate Definition of Predicate: unit of a verb and all words modifying the verb - example: is here in Larry is here .
Related searches for Improving your writing
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
‘Mary has a friend who is rich‘
contains a main clause and
a subordinate clause(one that relies on the main for meaning)
main clause + , + another main clause = COMMA SPLICE.
main clause + another main clause = FUSED SENTENCE.
Comma splices and fused sentences make you look like an amateur because they tell your reader that you cannot control the construction of a sentence.
So, how do you make your writing more professional???
Julie is a real hypochondriac when her stomach hurts, she is certain that she has a bleeding ulcer, and if she has a backache, she believes that she has cancer of the spine.
First - Is this sentence a comma splice?
Or is it a fused sentence?
NOW – how do we fix it?More professional writing
add a period at the end of the first clause then
begin the second with a capital letter.
with Strategy #1.
There are seven amateur because they tell your reader that you cannot control the construction of a sentence.coordinating conjunctions.
Some students remember the seven by learning the word fanboys.
Each of the seven letters of fanboysstands for one of the coordinating conjunctions.
A = and
B = but
O = or
Y = yet
S = soStrategy 2 — Use a comma anda coordinating conjunction.
with Strategy 2:
Grandma still rides her Harley
motorcycle her toy poodle
balances in a basket between
enough mark of punctuation to join
two main clauses.
- 1) The two main clauses that the semicolon joins should be closely related in meaning.
- 2) Do NOT capitalize the word that follows the semicolon UNLESS that word is a proper noun, which is always capitalized anyway.
Correct the example sentence with Strategy 3: amateur because they tell your reader that you cannot control the construction of a sentence.
Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.
Good writers mix things up!
KEEP IN MIND:
Limit your use of semicolons;
you should not wantonly scatter
them throughout your writing.
First, here is a list to remind you of conjunctions we have covered before:
After although as
because before even if
even though in order that If
once provided that rather than
since so that than
that though unless
until when whenever
where whereas wherever
whether while whyStrategy 4 — Use a conjunction.
Now fix original problem sentence using Strategy 4:
A good writer can fix problem sentences using covered before:all four strategies:
Most Freshmen feel overwhelmed by the workload in their college courses they usually spend more time socializing then studying
The length of a sentence has nothing to do with whether or not a sentence is considered a run-on.
An over-exuberant, run-off-at-the-mouth, 400-word gorilla of a sentence can be structurally fine.
A run-on sentence is one in
which two clauses have
been connected incorrectly.Run-On Sentences
There are three situations in which run-on sentences are apt to happen:
1. When a pronoun in the second clause refers to a noun in the first clause:
The President’s popularity has plummeted, she apparently underestimated the opposition.
2.When a suggestion or directive occurs in the second clause:
You will be responsible for this material on the final exam, study it thoroughly now.
3.When two clauses are connected by a conjunction:
Many people think protectionism can halt rising prices, however, the opposite is actually true.
YIKERS!! FIX THESE SENTENCES!Avoiding Run-on Sentences
1. apt to happen:The President’s popularity has plummeted, and sheapparently underestimated the opposition.
2.You will be responsible for this material on the final exam. Study it thoroughly now.
3.Many people think protectionism can halt rising prices; however, the opposite is actually true.Check yourself
Charles Darling, PhD
a fragment does NOT contain a main clause.
When you analyze a group of words looking for the main clause, you have to find three things: a subject, a verb, and a complete thought.
If one of these three items is missing, a fragment results.
NO subject; verb = yawned; NO complete thought.
The boy sitting on the fire escape dropping water balloons on the pedestrians below.
Subject = boy; NO verb; NO complete thought.
After Gabriel ate half a box of Devil Dogs.
Subject = Gabriel; verb = ate;
NO complete thought .examples of fragments
After although asbecause before even ifeven though if in order thatonce provided that sinceso [thatis implied] so that than
that though unlessuntil when wheneverwhere whereas whereverwhether which whicheverwhile who whoeverwhom whomever whose
Anything Look Familiar?Watch words for fragment identification
1) fragments:add the necessary main clause
2) connect the fragment to a main clause already in the passage.
3) remove a subordinating conjunction
Remember: Whether you add
or connect, you must use the
right punctuation.correct that fragment! A “how to”
Because = subordinate conjunction; Chase = subject; caught = verb.
What happened? Was he able to cheat on the test? Did he quickly ask her for a date? The thought is incomplete.
Until = subordinate conjunction; Rachel = subject; notices = verb.
What will happen? Will she embarrass her date? Will people at the restaurant stare? Another incomplete thought.
Even though = subordinate conjunction; Fred = subject; stuck = verb.
What happened? Could he still not pass as a walrus? Did the McDonald's manager offer him a job anyway? This thought is incomplete too!
Sunning algebra. themselves on the hot concrete until they heard human feet crashing down the sidewalk.
Twirling the baton with the speed and ferocity of helicopter blades.
Sucked down the pipe with a hearty slurp.
Hidden in the bureau drawer underneath a pile of mismatched socks.Some fragments begin or end with an “ing” or “ed” word
Writers will sometimes forget to algebra.
include a subject in a sentence.
The result is a verb pining for its partner.
A lonely verb fragment will often begin with a coordinating conjunction
and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet
The marker for a lonely verb fragment will be the immediate expression of action.
Remember that a verb alone cannot be a sentence.Lonely Verb Fragments
And dashed algebra.through the downpour as raindrops softened the hairspray shell holding her elaborate coif in place.
But knew that all of his effort would prove useless in the long run.
Took the thick book and, with a heavy sigh, loaded it on top of her research pile.Lonely verb fragments
Appositive Definition: algebra.
a noun phrase that renames and clarifies another noun.
Because an appositive can be long, writers sometimes mistake them for a complete sentence.
By itself an appositive is not a sentence.Appositive Fragments
The unprepared algebra.student who was always begging for an extra pencil and a couple sheets of blank paper.
A slacker wasting his afternoon
in front of the television.
A dog around whom people need
to guard their fingers and food.Appositive fragment examples
You are going to peer edit, but algebra.
you are going to start at the end.
BTW, This is also a SUPER way to self-edit.
Beginning at the end, evaluate every sentence:
Is there a comma splice? Use this mark: CS
Is it a fragment? Use this mark: frag.
Is it a run-on? Use this mark: R-Oput your new knowledge to work!