Shelf life of pre packaged food products an industry perspective
Download
1 / 30

Shelf-Life of Pre-packaged Food Products An Industry Perspective - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 226 Views
  • Uploaded on

Shelf-Life of Pre-packaged Food Products An Industry Perspective. Dr. Ahmet Anbarci Scientific & Regulatory Affairs Kraft Foods CEEMA Region Dubai International Food Safety Conference 24-26 February, 2009. Agenda. Kraft Foods in short Shelf-life – Definition, Dimensions

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Shelf-Life of Pre-packaged Food Products An Industry Perspective' - fawn


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Shelf life of pre packaged food products an industry perspective

Shelf-Life of Pre-packaged Food ProductsAn Industry Perspective

Dr. Ahmet Anbarci

Scientific & Regulatory Affairs

Kraft Foods CEEMA Region

Dubai International Food Safety Conference

24-26 February, 2009


Agenda
Agenda

  • Kraft Foods in short

  • Shelf-life – Definition, Dimensions

  • Shelf-life  Kraft Foods RD&Q functions

  • Establishing and Managing Shelf-life

  • Testing, Principles, Parameters

  • Selected Aspects, Examples

  • Discussion



Shelf life of pre packaged food products an industry perspective

Kraft Foods Overview, 2008

Worldwide headquarters in Northfield, Illinois, U.S.

Sales in more than 155 Countries

Operations in 70 Countries

With approximately 100,000 employees, more than 180 manufacturing and processing facilities

11 global or geographic Research and Development Centers around the world


One of best brand portfolios in food beverage industry
One of Best Brand Portfolios in Food & Beverage Industry

9 Brands over $1 billion annual revenue

50+ Brands over $100 million

40+ Brands over 100 years old


Eastern europe middle east africa region
Eastern Europe, Middle East & Africa Region

Fast Facts

Region headquarters: Vienna, Austria

Key markets in the region:

Bulgaria, Egypt, Romania, Russia, South Africa, Turkey, Ukraine and the Gulf Cooperation Council, as well as other Middle East & Africa Markets

Some key region brands:

Kraft cheeses; Tang powdered beverages; Alpen Gold, Karuna, Korona and Milka chocolates; Estrella and Cipso salted snacks; Rasco biscuits; Carte Noire, Jacobs, MaxwellHouse and Nova Brasilia coffees.


Shelf life of pre packaged food products an industry perspective

  • Kingdom of Bahrain:

  • Production Facility - (Tang and Cheese)

  • Employees: 287 (17% Bahraini)

  • Brands: Tang, Kraft Cheese

  • United Arab Emirates:

  • MEA Regional Office

  • Employees: 130

  • Lead Brands Marketed in GCC:

  • Kingdom of Saudi Arabia:

  • Production Facility – Biscuits

    • Employees: 138 (23% Saudi)

    • Brands: Oreo, Ritz and Belvita

Kraft Foods in GCC


Shelf life definition dimensions
Shelf-life, definition, dimensions

  • Shelf-Life is the time between manufacture and possible latest consumption, wherein the characteristics of a food product are considered to remain acceptable with following dimensions and aspects:

    • products must be safe- self-speaking, un-debated, un-compromised; HACCP------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    • quality must remain acceptable- consumer accepted quality; vital to gain consumers and maintain their loyalty

    • nutritional value needs to be maintained - prime aspect for food; maintain claims on products

    • commercial stability to be assured - package integrity, look; key for customers and at point of sale



Shelf life food research development quality kraft foods rd q
Shelf-life  Food Research, Development & Quality (Kraft Foods RD&Q)

Kraft Foods RD&Q is the owner of shelf-life and has the responsibility, expertise and the infrastructure for establishing products’ shelf-life.

Category

Expertise

Geographic

Proximity

Functional

Excellence

+

+

  • Coffee

  • Refreshment Beverages

  • Grocery

  • Biscuits and Cakes

  • Confectionery

  • Savory Snacks

  • Cheese/Dairy

  • Convenient Meals

  • Quality and Safety

  • Scientific Affairs

  • Regulatory

  • Nutrition

  • Research

  • Chemistry

  • Microbiology

  • Sensory / Consumer Insight

  • Packaging

  • Intellectual Property/ Patents

  • Banbury, UK

  • Tarrytown, NY

  • East Hanover, NJ

  • Munich, Germany

  • Glenview, IL

  • Madison, WI

  • Battle Creek, MI

  • Melbourne, Australia

  • Curitiba, Brazil


Shelf life of pre packaged food products an industry perspective
Our RD&Q centre in Munich has the geographic responsibility for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

Global

  • Glenview, IL

  • East Hanover, NJ

  • Tarrytown, NY

  • Banbury, UK

  • Munich, Germany

Geographic / Local

Madison, Battle Creek, Melbourne, Curitiba and 50 other smaller centers

Functions in Munich

  • Product Dev

  • Process Dev

  • Packaging

  • Microbiology & Food Safety

  • Quality

  • Chemistry

  • Sensory

  • Regulatory

  • Scientific Affairs

  • Nutrition

Munich – Geographic Scope

West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

Munich – Product Role

Cheese/Dairy, Convenient Meals, Refreshment Beverages, Grocery, Chocolate Confectionery, Savory Snacks, (Quality & Safety for Coffee)


Same principles around the globe
Same principles around the Globe for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

Kraft Product Safety & Quality Assurance Guiding Principles

  • Product Safety/Public Health is our uncompromised priority.

  • Food Safety is pre competitive.

  • Food Safety is based on sound science and correct risk assessment.

  • HACCP and our ISO based QCMS (Quality Chain Management System) are central to our business process.

  • Kraft applies common Food Safety & Quality Standards globally.

    In addition we believe in:

  • a systems and process driven approach

  • a strong upstream focus with major supplier collaboration

  • covering each and every component in the business Value Chain.


Quality chain management system
Quality Chain Management System for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

Shelf-life evaluation and management is an essential part of successful food quality management. Ideally, shelf-life is an integral part of an overall Quality Management System through the entire value chain.

  • Kraft Foods worldwide approach to the systematic management of product Safety and Quality is called the Quality Chain Management System (QCMS).

  • QCMS is a complete embodiment of the ISO 9001 quality system model enhanced to include the product Safety and Quality requirements of Kraft Foods worldwide food businesses.

  • QCMS defines the requirements throughout the process of design, procurement, manufacture, distribution and customer/consumer product usage and relations.

  • Kraft Foods’ procedure on “shelf-life evaluation” is a fundamental part of QCMS and has to be applied by all relevant employees around the world.

    Objective: “All Kraft Food businesses shall have a process in place for establishing and managing the shelf-life of all products.”Scope: “Shelf-life evaluation applies globally to all KF businesses and categories. Key elements are parameters, procedures, storage conditions, shelf-life management and modification of shelf-life.”


Food value chain
Food Value Chain for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa


Shelf life definition dimensions1
Shelf-life, definition, dimensions for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

  • Shelf-Life is the time between manufacture and possible latest consumption, wherein the characteristics of a food product are considered to remain acceptable with following dimensions and aspects:

    • products must be safe- self-speaking, un-debated, un-compromised; HACCP-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    • quality must remain acceptable- consumer defined quality; vital to gain consumers and maintain their loyalty

    • nutritional value needs to be maintained - prime aspect for food; maintain claims on products

    • commercial stability to be assured - package integrity, look; key for customers and at point of sale


Rd q functions involved
RD&Q functions involved for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

RD&Q is responsible for the “design” and establishing shelf-life; Category Product Development Groups lead, relevant RD&Q functions as listed below support the process. Other parties along value chain consulted as required, e.g. Manufacturing.

  • quality must remain acceptable - Quality /Safety - Regulatory - Chemistry - Microbiology - Sensory / Consumer Insight - Packaging

  • commercial stability to be assured - Quality /Safety - Regulatory - Packaging

  • products must be safe - Quality /Safety - Chemistry - Microbiology - Toxicology - Packaging

  • nutritional value to be maintained - Scientific Affairs - Regulatory - Nutrition - Chemistry - Packaging


Testing
Testing for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

Shelf-life testing is a vital part of new product development. Existing products are re-evaluated, if an extension of shelf-life is targeted or any changes are considered. Re-evaluation may also be triggered by consumer complaints or quality issues.

Testing protocols - Sampling - Testing conditions - Testing period - Schedule, intervals - Attributes, parameters - Methods - Record keeping

Close to reality conditions pursued - Full shelf-life testing and beyond - Representative samples - Representative storage conditions - Consumer relevant sensory testing - Consumer research, if required


Testing parameters questions to be considered
Testing – parameters, questions to be considered for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

  • Product Safety and Robustness are uncompromised and checked and verified for the intended use and foreseeable misuse of products.

    • risk of pathogens ?

    • risk of toxins ?

    • allergens ?

  • Shelf-Life beyond safety: Many parameters and a high number of possible combinations for industrially packaged food lead to a wide range of possible shelf-life’s.

    • product category, type, nature ?

    • micro-stability, risk of spoilage ?

    • chemical reactions ?

    • physical changes ?

    • organoleptic, sensory, consumer ?

    • packaging integrity and protection ?

    • transport and storage conditions ?

    • consumer behaviour, usage ?


Shelf life regulated limits
Shelf-life – Regulated limits? for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

Considering the complexity inherent to shelf-life, i.e. many parameters, their interaction, possible combinations (vs. the time we have in this forum), only some selected aspects/examples will follow.


Aspects examples basics for micro risks
Aspects/Examples: Basics for micro risks for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

STATIONARY

LOG

DEATH

LAG

Microbiological Growth

Time of LAG phase determines maximum shelf life possible.

LAG phase can vary depending on other parameters and can be extended by improved sanitation, processing, storage conditions, preservatives, modified atmosphere or some emerging technology.


Aspects examples consumer relevant shelf life testing
Aspects/Examples: Consumer Relevant Shelf-life Testing for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

Key elements:

  • Representative Sampling- Final testing with plant products only (pilot products only for pre-assessment)- Freezing samples (= freezing the time)- If products cannot be frozen, multiple lots testing (assess impact of lots’ variability)

  • Representative Storage Conditions- All along the Value Chain (transport, warehouses, consumer households)- Close to reality simulation (consider varying conditions, best / worst case scenarios)

  • Test plan/methods relevant to product, market, potential consumers alienation- Internal sensory testing (people without project involvement, descriptive)- Quantitative descriptive analysis (trained panel)- Consumer acceptance testing (consumer liking, judgemental)


Shelf life of food products
Shelf-life of food products for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

Internal Sensory Testing

  • At least three of the same participants at each tasting, involving people without project background.

  • Focus should be descriptive, not judgement. After documenting the descriptive differences, judgement about the expected seriosity of deviations may be necessary.

  • Representative control product needs to be used as a reference.

  • Project leaders organize the taste sessions, sample storage and ensure right participants at each session. Consumer Sensory group provides the test procedure and analysis forms.

  • Project leaders own next steps as agreed by team


Shelf life of food products1
Shelf-life of food products for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

Quantitative Descriptive Analysis (QDA)

  • A tool to test in an objective manner, whether sensory changes are perceivable.

  • Generally recommended, when significant changes are expected / predicted over shelf-life.

  • In case of changes that are not necessarily negative: Perceivability and relevance of changes need to be tested with consumers, to determine effects on consumer acceptability.

  • Key acceptance drivers are known from earlier consumer tests can be used to judge the differences observed in QDA and the shelf life.


Shelf life consumer testing
Shelf-life, Consumer testing for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

Consumer Acceptance Testing

  • For key products, and for critical cases, consumer acceptance testing is recommended.

  • Multiproduct Central Location Test of samples at different stages in shelf life, before, at, and after end of shelf life at stake.

  • Absolute safety of samples to be ensured via thorough micro testing.

  • Test should be run with target consumers in the target countries. Participants need to be unaware of the test background.


Aspects examples cheese and many parameters
Aspects/Examples: Cheese and many parameters for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

Same category, different types, processing, storage conditions, packaging, ……

=> Shelf-life’s in a range of few to 18 months.

12 months

18 months


Aspects examples packaging materials
Aspects/Examples: Packaging materials for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa


Aspects examples packaging with the right protection

Glass Jar for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

C o s t s

Metal can

PET container

Composite can

Plastic container

Aluminium laminate

Metalised laminate

Aspects/Examples: Packaging with the right protection

High protection and other factors help to achieve a long shelf-life:

Processed Cheese in a glass jar with a proven shelf-life of 12 months.


Shelf life regulated limits1
Shelf-life: Regulated limits? for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

Considering the complexity of shelf-life, limits set for shelf-life of packaged foods would either be overcomplicated (wide array, needs regular updating) or a weak compromise, most likely at category minimum. Risks and disadvantages for all appear to outweigh any advantages.

  • Consumers and all stakeholders along the value chain benefit from safe and high-quality products with tested and proven shelf-life. While the added safety, quality and value through regulated shelf-life limits is open to discussion, some risks and disadvantages are certain for industrial, packaged food:

    • Avoidable costs, economic penalty, if the limits set are too conservative, , i.e. at the category minimum (lowest common denominator)

    • Risk of low quality products to consumers, if the limits set are too broad

    • Risk of missing new aspects, development or scientific progress

    • Low incentive, low motivation for industry to innovate or apply the “new”


Shelf life regulated limits2
Shelf-life: Regulated limits? for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

Conclusions:

The food industry should perform due-diligence to judge, test and establish the shelf-life for each single product they manufacture, regardless how strict or wide the limits set by regulations may be.

Food companies in general have to have their products’ data and expertise and to know about the nature, details and limits of their products.

Shelf-life limits set for packaged food are open to abuse and do not appear to add value, safety or quality of especially packaged food.

Shelf-life limits may be an unnecessary hurdle, especially for long tested products with a good record in country of origin or in other markets.


Shelf life of food products2
Shelf-life of food products for West, Central, East Europe, Middle East and Africa

Thank you!