The Industrial Revolution. French Economic Disadvantages. Years of war Supported the American Revolution. French Revolution. Early 19c Napoleonic Wars Heavy debts. High unemployment soldiers returning from the battlefronts. French businessmen were afraid to take risks. Why Did
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of the World"
That Nation of Shopkeepers! -- Napoleon Bonaparte
Britain’s Earliest Transportation Infrastructure
Coal Mining in Britain:1800-1914
Richard Arkwright:“Pioneer of the Factory System”
The “Water Frame”
Exhibitions of the new industrial utopia.
Crystal Palace:British Ingenuity on Display
Crystal Palace:American Pavilion
Thrived on the
Luxuries of the
19c Bourgeoisie: The Industrial Nouveau Riche
& the Destitute
Factory Wages in Lancashire, 1830
The Silent Highwayman - 1858
Early-19c Londonby Gustave Dore
The Luddites: 1811-1816
Attacks on the “frames” [power looms].
Ned Ludd [a mythical figure supposed to live in Sherwood Forest]
Peterloo Massacre, 1819
BritishSoldiers Fire on BritishWorkers:Let us die like men, and not be sold like slaves!
A female Chartist
A physical force—Chartists arming for the fight.
The Utilitarians:Jeremy Bentham & John Stuart Mill
The Socialists:Utopians & Marxists
to the Dislocation
at the end of the 19c
By 1850: Zones of Industrializationon the European Continent
Industrialization By 1850
Share in World Manufacturing Output: 1750-1900