Oral Language Development The Stages of Oral Development in Young Children
What do we mean when we say “Oral Development” Oral development refers to the way children learn to express themselves fluently by speaking. Just like teachers help children progress when they learn to read or write children develop the ability to speak well when they are stimulated and supported in their explorations with oral language.
The Three Ps of Teacher Qualities that Promote Oral Language Learning • Playful- Enjoying talking, reading, and writing with children. • Planful- Thinking ahead to meet children’s oral needs • Purposeful- Interacting with children to accomplish important language goals.
Planful…. • Consider what the children already know and can do • Take steps to further the students oral language development
Purposeful • Set clear learning goals for students and deliberately engage them in activities that help them to explore and use language.
Playful • Adults playful language interactions and exchanges appeal to children encouraging them to use new words and exercise their oral language skills in different situations.
Some Teaching Strategies That Promote Oral Language • Storytelling • Songs • Shared Writing • Show n tell • Rhymes • Finger plays • Shared reading • Guided play
Going from Speakers and Listeners to Readers and Writers. • Before children can read and write they learn to talk and listen. • To move from speaking and listening to being able to read and write requires an intellectual shift in the way children think. They must understand there is a code to be deciphered and that it is different than speech. Reading is more than understanding speech written down.
Talk and Print are Alike • Talking reading and writing are all alike- they all require using words to stand for objects, people and ideas. • They are all interrelated children listen to a teacher reading out loud, they read what is written down. • The four join together to build children’s knowledge about the world and words. When they are learning to read children rely on their experiences with speech to help them with their print experiences
Talk and Print are Different • Learning to read is harder than learning to talk • Print is a code that relies on the manipulation of 26 symbols (the alphabet) and children must learn to decode print first before they can say it. Adults need to help children realize the relationship between print symbols and speech sounds and help them make the effort to remember it. • Print does not have the real time qualities of tone, pitch, expression and rhythm. There are sensory clues to tell the child what the words mean.
Speaking, Listening, Reading, and Writing Share Skills. • Making Predictions • Asking and Answering • Telling and Retelling • Sense of a Story • Phonological Awareness
Bibliography • The Importance of Oral Language Aledridge, Jerry Childhood Education. Spring, 2005. • Oral Language and Early Literacy by Kathy Roskos,Patton O. Tabors,Lisa A. Lenhart. 2004 • Young Children's Oral Language Development. ERIC Digest. 1988 • Stages of Oral Language Development by By B. Otto taken from http://www.education.com • http://www.bridgew.edu/Library/CAGS_Projects/MMAURANO/OralLanguage.htm