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Introducing Government in America. 1. 1. Video: The Big Picture. http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/Edwards_Ch01_Introducing_Government_in_America_Seg1_v2.html. 1. Learning Objectives. Identify the key functions of government and explain why they matter.

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Presentation Transcript
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1

Video: The Big Picture

http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/Edwards_Ch01_Introducing_Government_in_America_Seg1_v2.html

slide3

1

Learning Objectives

Identify the key functions of government and explain why they matter

1.1

Define politics in the context of democratic government

1.2

slide4

1

Learning Objectives

Assess how citizens can have an impact on public policy and how policies can impact people

1.3

Identify the key principles of democracy and outline theories regarding how it works in practice and the challenges democracy faces today

1.4

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1

Learning Objectives

Outline the central arguments of the debate in America over the proper scope of government

1.5

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1

Video: The Basics

http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg2_IntroAmrGov_v2.html

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1.1

Government

  • What is government?
      • How should we govern?
      • What should government do?
      • Maintain a national defence
      • Provide public goods and services
      • Preserve order
      • Socialize the young
      • Collect taxes
slide8

1.1

Transfer of Power

slide9

1.1

Afghanistan

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1.1

1.1 Which of the following is not a duty of government?

Collecting taxes

Proving for national defense

Promoting religion

Preserving order

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1.1

1.1 Which of the following is not a duty of government?

Collecting taxes

Proving for national defense

Promoting religion

Preserving order

slide12

1.2

Politics

  • What is politics?
      • Who gets what, when, and how
  • Political participation
      • More than just voting
slide13

1.2

FIGURE 1.1: Political apathy among young and old Americans, 1972–2008

slide14

1.2

FIGURE 1.2: Age and political knowledge, 1972 and 2008

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1.2

FIGURE 1.3: Election turnout rates of young and old Americans, 1972–2010

slide17

1.2

Politics

  • Single-issue groups
      • e.g., abortion
slide18

1.2

Abortion rally

slide19

1.2

1.2Which is true of single-issue groups?

They increase voter participation.

They negatively affect voter turnout.

They vote just for politicians who support their issue.

They force politicians to consider compromises.

slide20

1.2

1.2Which is true of single-issue groups?

They increase voter participation.

They negatively affect voter turnout.

They vote just for politicians who support their issue.

They force politicians to consider compromises.

slide21

1.3

Policymaking System

  • People Shape Policy
  • Politics Impact People
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1.3

FIGURE 1.4: The policymaking system

slide23
Linkage institutions

Policy agenda

Political issue

Policymaking institutions

Congress

Presidency

Courts

1.3

People Shape Policy

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Public policy

Statute

Presidential action

Court decision

Budgetary choice

Regulation

Policies should be effective

Policies must have a goal

1.3

Politics Impact People

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1.3

Table 1.1: Types of public policies

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1.3

1.3Which of the following is an example of public policy?

Personal conviction

Parental rule

Congressional statute

Religious edict

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1.3

1.3Which of the following is an example of public policy?

Personal conviction

Parental rule

Congressional statute

Religious edict

slide28

1.4

Democracy in America

  • Traditional Democratic Theory
  • Three Contemporary Theories of American Democracy
  • Challenges to Democracy
  • American Political Culture and Democracy
  • A Culture War
slide29
Key principles of the democratic process (according to Dahl):

Equality in voting

Effective participation

Enlightened understanding

Citizen control of the agenda

Inclusion

Majority rule and minority rights

Representation

1.4

Traditional Democratic Theory

slide30
Pluralism

Groups of minorities working together

Elitism

Power is held by the wealthy

Hyperpluralism

Too many groups try to control policy

1.4

Three Contemporary Theories of American Democracy

slide31

Elitism? Time to Draw…

Take a piece of paper.

Design a bar graph or line graph of the current distribution of wealth in America. Go from 0% to 100% in 10% increments.

slide32

Now we will compare our graphs to how wealth is truly shared in America. Did we get close? Video Time.

slide33
Increased complexity of issues

Limited participation in government

Diverse political interests

Policy gridlock

Escalating campaign costs

1.4

Challenges to Democracy

slide34

1.4

Super PAC contributions

slide35

Video Time…

Citizens United v FEC

And Someone’s Reaction to it…

slide36
Political culture based on American creed

Liberty

Egalitarianism

Individualism

Laissez-faire

Populism

1.4

American Political Culture and Democracy

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1.4

New Hampshire license plate

slide38
Political culture based on American creed

Liberty

Egalitarianism

Individualism

Laissez-faire

Populism

1.4

American Political Culture and Democracy

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1.4

FIGURE 1.5: Pride in equal treatment

of groups in the U.S. and other established democracies

slide40
Political culture based on American creed

Liberty

Egalitarianism

Individualism

Laissez-faire

Populism

1.4

American Political Culture and Democracy

slide41
Polarization of liberal and conservative political culture

Is it happening?

Testing a crisis of values

Loss of traditional values

Less patriotism

Irreconcilable differences

1.4

A Culture War?

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1

Video: In Context

http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg3_PoliticalCulture_v2.html

slide43

1.4

1.4 Which of the following illustrates hyperpluralism?

Use of the court system to try to set policy

Decrease in patriotism

Reliance on Congress to limit special interests

Diversity in political interests

slide44

1.4

1.4 Which of the following illustrates hyperpluralism?

Use of the court system to try to set policy

Decrease in patriotism

Reliance on Congress to limit special interests

Diversity in political interests

slide45

1.5

Scope of Government in America

  • How Active Is American Government?
slide46

1

Video: Thinking Like a Political Scientist

http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg4_Intro_v2.html

slide48
Gross domestic product (GDP)

Government spends 1/3

Government employs 24 million people

Americans expect government to solve problems

Unemployment, terrorism, illegal immigration, energy, education, lack of access to health care

1.5

How Active Is American Government?

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1

Video: In the Real World

http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg5_IntroAmrGov_v2.html

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1.5

1.5About one-third of the GDP is spent by

The federal government

State governments

Local governments

All three governments combined

slide51

1.5

1.5About one-third of the GDP is spent by

The federal government

State governments

Local governments

All three governments combined

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1

Discussion Question

What are the three theories of

policymaking in the United States?

Which theory seems most plausible to

you? Why?

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1

Video: So What?

http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/Edwards_Ch01_Introducing_Government_in_America_Seg6_v2.html