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Gender Tips: Masculine or feminine

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Gender Tips: Masculine or feminine - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Gender Tips: Masculine or feminine
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  1. Gender Tips: Masculine or feminine Masculine Usually (but not always) nouns ending in: -age (excluding for example: une nage/cage/plage/rage/image) -eau (excluding for example: une peau /l’eau) -et -isme -ment e.g. le cyclisme Feminine Usually (but not always) nouns ending in: -ée (excluding for example: un lycée /musée) -ion (excluding for example: un lion /avion/million) -té (excluding for example: un invité) -ance -esse -tion e.g. la natation

  2. Negatives ne …pas This forms a sandwich round the main verb and means “not” e.g il ne regarde pas– he is not watching je n’ai pas d’animal – I don’t have a pet In the past tense “ne…pas” is placed around avoir or être e.g. je n’ai pas visité la France– I have not visited France After “pas”, du/de la/un/une and des become “de” e.g. je n’ai pas de frères– I haven’t got any brothers The following work in the same way as “ne..pas” ne….jamais – never ne….rien – nothing ne…que – only ne….ni…ni – neither nor ne…plus – no longer ne….aucun – none at all e.g. je n’ai rien mangé– I didn’t eat anything

  3. Direct Object Pronouns Pronouns are used to avoid repeating nouns. e.g J’ai beaucoup d’amis et je les vois souvent – I have lots of friends and I see them often voir il me voit - he sees me il nous voit - he sees us il te voit - he sees you il vous voit - he sees you (pl) il le voit - he sees him il les voit - he sees them il la voit - he sees her After prepositions pronouns change as follows: moi - me nous - us toi - youvous- you elle- herelles- them (f) lui - him eux - them (m) e.g chez toi – at your house avec lui – with him

  4. Adjectives (1): describing nouns Regular adjectives add endings which agree with the gender and number of the noun: Add –e to a feminine noun e.g ma chambre est grande Add –s to a masculine plural noun e.g mes livres sont intéressants Add –es to a feminine plural noun e.g ses chaussures sont noires Irregular adjectives which already end in –e do not add an additional –e e.g elle est rouge Adjectives with one of the following endings change as follows: MasculineFeminine -eux/-eur becomes -euse e.g il est heureux / elle est heureuse -il/-el becomes -ille/-elle e.g il est gentil / elle est gentille -ien becomes -ienne e.g il est italien / elle est italienne -er becomes -ère e.g il est cher / elle est chère -aux becomes -ausse e.g il est faux / elle est fausse -f becomes -ve e.g il est sportif / elle est sportive -s becomes -sse e.g il est gros / elle est grosse

  5. Adjectives (2): describing nouns The following adjectives never change: chic – smart cool - cool extra – great génial - brilliant super – super marron - brown N.B. The following adjectives follow a special pattern: Masc.Masc pl.FeminineFeminine pl. beau beaux belle belles beautiful nouveau nouveaux nouvelle nouvelles new vieux vieux vieille vieilles old Most adjectives are placed after the noun e.g une jupe bleue However, the following are placed before the noun: petit - small bon - good nouveau - new beau - beautiful autre - other grand - big mauvais - bad vieux - old jeune - young e.g. une petite rue

  6. Time à….. (at…) / Il est … (it is….) 11:15 2. 3. 10:00 05:45 • … dix heures • … onze heures et quart 3. … six heures moins le quart • … huit heures et demie • … huit heures moins sept • … deux heures dix • … treize heures vingt • … quatorze heures trente 1. À quelle heure? Quelle heure est- il? Hier Le samedi / tous les samedis je vais en ville Je vais à Paris lundi 6. 02:10 5. 7:53 4. 08:30 7. 8. 13:20 14:30 Useful phrases At what time? What time is it? Yesterday I go to town every Saturday I’m going to Paris on Monday

  7. Questions quand? when? qui? who/whom? Où? where? quel(le)? which? comment? how? pourquoi? why? ? depuis quand? since when? combien de? how much/many? à quelle heure?at what time? Est-ce-que…? is? Qu’est-ce-que…? what?

  8. Prepositions Prepositions tell you the position of something in relation to something else e.g. Le bureau est contre le mur – the desk is against the wall Some important prepositions include: devant – infront of derrière– behind dans - in entre - between sur - on sous - under vers - towards chez - at the house of avec - with en face de - opposite