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Building the Foundation.. Server Virtualisation and Management. Julius Davies Datacenter Technology Specialist Microsoft UK Julius.Davies@microsoft.com. Clive Watson Datacenter Technology Specialist Microsoft UK Clive.Watson@microsoft.com. Where are we today?. How can we optimise?.

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building the foundation server virtualisation and management

Building the Foundation..Server Virtualisation and Management

Julius DaviesDatacenter Technology SpecialistMicrosoft UKJulius.Davies@microsoft.com

Clive WatsonDatacenter Technology SpecialistMicrosoft UKClive.Watson@microsoft.com

thin provisioning
Thin Provisioning

Guest OS needs to see 100GBbut may only consume % of that

With Fixed VHDs, a 100GB VHDwould consume 100GB on SAN

VM

With Dynamic VHDs, the physicalspace consumed is only equal tothat consumed by Guest OS

VHD Performance Whitepaper: Link here

VHD

dynamic storage
Dynamic Storage

Flexible solution for adjusting available VM storage without downtime

Utilises SCSI Controller for Hot-Add and Hot-Remove of VHD/PTD

Each VM can have up to 4 SCSI Controllers

Each SCSI Controller can have up to 64 disks attached

hyper v networking
Hyper-v Networking

3 types of network:Private, Internal, External

Private = VM 2 VM

Internal = VM 2 VM & VM 2 Host

External = VM 2 VM, VM 2 HostVM 2 VM across Hosts

Each VM can have up to 12 vNICs

8 Synthetic & 4 Legacy (PXE)

Each with different VLAN ID

  • Teaming Support provided by NIC Vendor
    • Intel = PROSet, Broadcom = BACS, HP = NCU
    • Best practice: install/enable Hyper-V, then install networkingutilities
hyper v networking for clusters
Hyper-V Networking for Clusters

Great guide here:http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff428137(WS.10).aspx

Best Practice Suggests:

1 Network for Host Management

1 Network for Cluster Heartbeat

1 Network for Cluster Shared Volumes

1 Network for Live Migration

1 Network for Virtual Machine Traffic

If using ISCSI: 2 Networks for iSCSI Storage with MPIO

The above numbers represent networks, not ports. You may wish to team certain ports to provide resiliency.

high availability clustering
High availability – Clustering

SAN

  • 2 Hyper-V R2 Nodes in a Failover Cluster. Each Node has 2 VMs running. VMs are stored on the SAN.
  • Node 1 Fails, and also brings down 2 VMs
  • Failover Clustering in Hyper-V R2 ensures that VMs restart on Node 2 of the Hyper-V Cluster
cluster shared volumes
Cluster Shared Volumes

Enabling multiple nodes to concurrently access a single ‘truly’ shared LUN

Provides VM’s complete transparency with respect to which nodes actually own a LUN

Guest VMs can be moved without requiring any drive ownership changes

No dismounting and remounting of volumes is required

cluster shared volumes1
Cluster Shared Volumes

SAN

C:\ClusterStorage\Volume1

C:\ClusterStorage\Volume2

C:\ClusterStorage\Volume3

C:\ClusterStorage\Volume4

C:\ClusterStorage\Volume1

C:\ClusterStorage\Volume2

C:\ClusterStorage\Volume3

C:\ClusterStorage\Volume4

  • We’ve set up a WS2008 R2 Cluster, and created 4 LUNs on the SAN.
  • We’ve made the LUNs available to the Cluster
  • In Failover Clustering MMC, we mark the LUNs as CSV’s.
  • Each Node in our Cluster then has a Consistent Namespace for accessing the LUNs. We can now drop as many VMs on each CSV as we like
live migration
Live Migration

SAN

  • 2 Hyper-V R2 Nodes in a Failover Cluster. Each Node has 2 VMs running. VMs are stored on the SAN.
  • We decide we’d like to Live Migrate a VM from Node 1 to Node 2.
  • Live Migration in Hyper-V R2 ensures that VMs aremigrated with no downtime.
dynamic memory
Dynamic Memory

Automatic, dynamic balancing of memory between running VMs

Understands the needs of the Guest OS

Available as part of WS2008 R2 SP1 at no cost

“on the hardware I was testing with, I saw an increase from 64 VMs (Windows 7 on Hyper-V R2) to 133 VMs (Windows 7 on Hyper-V R2 SP1), we also ran performance testing against this so this wasn't a case of "let's see how many VMs we can fire up“ Matt Evans, Quest Software

remotefx
RemoteFX

Not a replacement for RDP!

Enhancement to the graphical capabilities of RDP 7.1

vGPU (WDDM)

Single GPU for multiple Hyper-V Guests

Host Side Rendering

Apps run at full-speed on host

Intelligent Screen Capture & Hardware-Based Encode

Screen deltas sent to client based on network/client availability

Bitmap Remoting & Hardware-Based Decode

Full range of client devices – HW and SW manifestations by design

hyper v r2 sp1 summary
Hyper-V R2 SP1 – Summary

Business Continuity - High Availability & Live Migration

Host Scalability- 64 Cores & 1TB RAM

VM Scalability - 64 GB RAM & 4vCPUs Per VM

Density – Dynamic Memory included with SP1

Power Efficiency - Core Parking & Many Power Improvements

Dynamic Storage - Add/Remove disks with no downtime

Thin Provisioned VHDs - Use Less Storage

Networking Improvements - NIC Teaming via NIC Vendor, Jumbo Frames, TCP Offload, VMq, vLANs etc.

Familiarity - Based on Windows, managed through Windows and System Center

Hardware Optimised – Takes advantage of latest h/w innovations (e.g. SLAT)

Huge HCL – http://www.windowsservercatalog.com

OS Support - In-lifecycle Windows Server/Clients & Linux (SUSE/RHEL/CENTOS)

scvmm 2008 r2 sp1
SCVMM 2008 R2 SP1

ADMIN CONSOLE

LIBRARY SERVER

SQL DATABASE

Self Service Portal 1.0

VMM SERVER

scvmm 2008 r2 sp11
SCVMM 2008 R2 SP1

Multi-Hypervisor

P2V & V2V

Live Migration Support

Quick Storage Migration

OpsMgr Integration:

Unlocks PRO Capabilities

Rapid Provisioning

Intelligent Placement

Library & Web Portal

AD Integration

Granular Management

PowerShell

Maintenance Mode

scvmm 2012 key pillars
SCVMM 2012 - key pillars

SERVICES

FABRIC

DEPLOYMENT

CLOUD

CAPACITY & CAPABILITY

SERVICE

LIFECYCLE

CLUSTER CREATION

HA VMM SERVER

HYPER-V BARE METAL

DELEGATION & QUOTA

APP DEPLOYMENT

DYNAMIC OPTIMIZATION

UPGRADE

HYPER-V MANAGEMENT

SELF-SERVICE

IMAGE BASED SERVICING

POWER MANAGEMENT

CUSTOM PROPERTIES

VMWARE MANAGEMENT

NETWORK

MANAGEMENT

POWERSHELL

XENSERVER MANAGEMENT

APP OWNER USAGE

MONITORING

INTEGRATION

STORAGE

MANAGEMENT

scvmm 2012 in action
SCVMM 2012 in action:

System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012:Fabric Management for the Private Cloud

http://www.msteched.com/2010/Europe/MGT306

System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012:Service Lifecycle Management for the Private Cloud

http://www.msteched.com/2010/Europe/MGT206

how can we provide self service
How can we provideSELF SERVICE?

Self Service Portal V2

VMware

datacenter and line of business administrators
Datacenter and Line-of-Business  Administrators

End Users/Consumers

DatacenterAdministrator

Procurement

LOB Administrator

Security

24x7 InfrastructureManagement & Monitoring

Flexible Management

SLA Driven

Focused

Solutions

vmm self service portal 2 0
VMM Self-Service Portal 2.0
  • Step 1- Configuration and Extensibility
    • Pool Infrastructure Assets in toolkit
    • Extend Virtual Machine actions through Extensibility UI
  • Step 2- Onboarding and Infrastructure Request
    • Onboard Business Unit
    • Create Infrastructure Request (i.e. request a sandbox)
  • Step 3- Approval /Provisioning
    • Verify Asset Availability and Capacity
    • Assign Assets
    • Approve Infrastructure Request and Provision
  • Step 4- Self Service VM Provisioning
    • Manage Environment
      • Manage VMs
      • Access Reports
vmm self service portal 2 01
VMM Self-Service Portal 2.0
  • Shared Resource Pool of

Storage

Network

Compute

  • Sales
  • Finance

Legal

HR

Infrastructure

  • Infrastructure Service B
  • Infrastructure Service A

Production Environment

Test/Dev Environment

  • Web Front Ends
  • Web Front Ends
  • Reporting Servers
  • Reporting Servers

Service Role

Service Role

Service Role

Service Role

  • Devevelopment Network
  • Corporate Network

Resources: Network access, storage allocation & quotas, access control

Resources: Network access, storage allocation & quotas, access control

learn more
Learn More

HYPER-V: http://www.microsoft.com/hyperv

PRIVATE CLOUD: http://microsoft.com/privatecloud

APPLICATION VIRTUALISATION: http://microsoft.com/appv

SYSTEM CENTER: http://www.microsoft.com/systemcenter

slide31

© 2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.