Confucianism
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Confucianism . Dominant in China. Based on teachings of Confucius Focus on ethics (proper behavior) for individuals & government. 2 basic principles– Ren (concern for others) and li (appropriate behavior) society would function best if people followed them.

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Dominant in china
Dominant in China

  • Based on teachings of Confucius

  • Focus on ethics (proper behavior) for individuals & government.

  • 2 basic principles– Ren (concern for others) and li (appropriate behavior) society would function best if people followed them.

  • Everyone has a role in society & order was maintained when people knew their place & behaved appropriately.


Family influence
Family Influence

  • Confucian teachings about family were highly honored.

  • Children had to respect their elders. Disobeying parents was a crime.

  • Father was head of the family and had absolute power. Women had to obey their husband and children had to obey their father.

  • If family was strong and children obeyed their father, they would also obey the emperor.


Confucianism

  • Could gain jobs by being respectful to parents.

  • Children were expected to serve parents and honor dead parents with ceremonies and offerings.

  • Parents valued boys more than girls because boys carried on family line and took care of elderly parents.

  • Daughters could gain power in their son’s family or if they were widowed.


After death of confucius
After Death of Confucius

  • Ideas were spread by his followers, but weren’t widely accepted.

  • Han dynasty, Confucianism became official state philosophy.

  • During Period of Disunion (when Han collapsed), Confucianism was overshadowed by Buddhism--- many Chinese turned to Buddhism for peace and comfort


Confucius says
Confucius Says…

  • I hear and I forget, I see and I remember. I do and I understand.

  • Forget injuries, never forget kindness.

  • Study the past if you want to define the future.

  • It does not matter how slowly you go so long as you do not stop.

  • Men’s natures are alike, it is their habits that carry them far apart.

  • What the superior man seeks is in himself; what the small man seeks is in others.

  • Have no friends not equal to yourself.