Review and Wrap-up of Prewriting Techniques 8th grade language arts
Refresh your memory What are some techniques discussed yesterday?
Pre-Writing Techniques • Brainstorming • Discussing • Free Writing • Looping • Listing • Outlining • Charting • Mapping
Listing • “Listing” is similar to “brainstorming.” The idea is to write down as many things as possible. • Use single words or phrases, not sentences. • Listing works well for descriptive-type writing. • Don’t worry about spelling or sorting out “good” and “bad” ideas.
Outlining • “Outlining” is a more organized form of pre-writing than the others we discussed. • It can be used after you have generated ideas through brainstorming, free writing, or other pre-writing techniques. • It works well for structured types of writing such as essays. • You can use complete sentences, but you don’t have to.
Outline I. Introduction: Winter is the best season for me. II. Activities and sports are the most fun. a) I can ski, which is my favorite sport. b) My family goes ice skating. III. Winter is more beautiful than other seasons. a) The snow is so magical when it’s falling. b) Ice makes crystals on the windows. IV. Conclusion: Winter is my favorite season of all.
Play better in sports at school Eventually go to college school work Make good grades My future Stop putting off assignments family Pay attention in class better Do what my parents tell me--first! Be nicer to my little brother Example Map Raise my hand to answer questions
Summary What are the 8 pre-writing techniques we’ve discussed? Remember, this is the “thinking” about the topic before you even begin the essay!