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Ch 32 pt 2 PowerPoint Presentation

Ch 32 pt 2

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Ch 32 pt 2

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  1. Ch32 pt 2

  2. Spain • Christopher Columbus • Sails west to go east • Very risky • Become power stronger than Portugal and spread Christianity • Oct 12th 1492—land • Columbus explores land w/ native Taino • Call people Indians • Called West Indies • Dies in 1506 saying he went to India

  3. Magellan • Thought land mass between Europe and Asia • Try finding Strait to Asia • Sail through Strait of Magellan • 3 months to Asia • Thirst disease and death • Magellan dies in war between native chiefs • 1 ship returns w/ 18 men –5 ships 250 men • 1st to circumnavigate the globe

  4. Impact • Find new world • Spain is wealthy • Precious mineral and sugar • Forced to convert to Christianity • 1 or 2 million Tanos---50 years 500

  5. Spanish Exploration and Conquest • Conquistadores • Established settlements and seize wealth

  6. Cortes—Aztecs—Mexico • Reach capital of Tenochtitlan • Montezuma –ruler • Cortes takes Montezuma hostage • Leaves to deal w/ other Spanish • Group attacks Aztecs during religious ceremony • Aztecs fight back

  7. Cortes (con’t) • Spanish counter attack • Get local Indians to help • Aztecs run out of supplies and empire falls

  8. Factors in Defeat • Aztec legend told of a white skinned god—Quetzalcoatl • Make allies w/ Native Aztec enemies • Spanish horse, armor and weapons • Carried disease—epidemics amongst Aztecs

  9. Pissarro • Permission to Conquer Incas • Capture Alatuahlpa—king • Pay Ransom and kill him • Empire falls

  10. Impact • Wealth from New World makes Spain wealthy • Inflation in Europe • Wasteful spending by Europeans • Didn’t invest in country or industry • 1519-25 million in Mexico 1605—1 million