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Music’s Vertical Dimension: Harmony. Harmony ≠. I. Harmony Defined. “ Harmonious ”. Harmony : Music ’ s Vertical Dimension. I. Harmony Defined. I. Harmony Defined:. A. Harmony = musical element resulting from two or more pitches (notes) sounding simultaneously.

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Harmony ≠

I. Harmony Defined

“Harmonious”


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Harmony:

Music’s Vertical Dimension

I. Harmony Defined


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I. Harmony Defined:

A. Harmony=musical element resulting from

two or more pitches (notes) sounding simultaneously

B. Harmony = Music’s “vertical dimension”

Say can you see

Melodic (horizontal) Harmonic (vertical)

C. Chord=2 or more distinct pitches sounding simultaneously


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Harmony:

Music’s Vertical Dimension

I. Harmony Defined

II. “Common Practice” Harmony

Harmonic Progressions & the

Tonic/Dominant Polarity

IV. The Interplay of Melody and Harmony

V. Musical Textures

VI. Consonance and Dissonance


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Common Practice Harmony

1600-1900 +

A. Most Important C. P. Harmonies Tertian (chords built from 3rds)


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II. Common Practice Harmony

A. Most Important C. P. Harmonies Tertian(chords built from 3rds)

B. Triad: most central of Tertian Harmonies =Triad

chord of 3 notes, each separated by interval 3rd

C. Principle of Octave Equivalence

D. Triads varied via: Doubling, Spacing, Inversion


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II. Common Practice Harmony

Triad Different W/ inversion

Spacing Doubling


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Harmonic Progressions and the

Tonic/Dominant Polarity

Chord Progression (harmonic progression) =

a succession of chords

^1 ^3 ^5 = I

^2 ^4 ^6 = II (roman numerals = abbrev._)

^3 ^5 ^7 = III

Sample Progression (Pachelbel) : I-V-VI-III-IV-I-IV-V-I

I V VI III

^1 ^3 ^5 ^5 ^7 ^2 ^6 ^1 ^3 ^3 ^5 ^7 , etc.

B.Tonic (I) --- Dominant (V) Polarity

Tonic Triad: Home/Stable/Marks closure

Dominant Triad: Dynamic/Unstable/Leads to Tonic


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IV. The Interplay of Melody

and Harmony

Harmony arises from the simultaneous

interaction of several melodies (voices)


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IV. The Interplay of Melody

and Harmony

Harmony arises from the simultaneous

interaction of several melodies (voices)


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V. Musical Textures

A. Monophonic

Homophonic

1. Block Homophonic

2. Melody and Accompaniment Homophonic

C. Polyphonic


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VI. Consonance and Dissonance

Intuitively: dissonant tones clash/sound harsh,

tense, unstable, need resolution

Technically: a dissonant harmony usually contains

a note that’s not part of a triad


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