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A short history of the English Bible. Compiled by : Hofstätter Manuel, Leithinger Christoph ( 8.A) Hurth Helene, Knittl-Frank Daniel, Keiblinger Julian, Miglbauer Lena, Weishäupl Katharina (5.B).

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slide1

A short history of the

English Bible

Compiled by : Hofstätter Manuel, Leithinger Christoph ( 8.A)

Hurth Helene, Knittl-Frank Daniel, Keiblinger Julian, Miglbauer Lena, Weishäupl Katharina (5.B)

slide2

2.Tim 3, 15-1715 for thou hast knowun hooli lettris fro thi youthe, whiche moun lerne thee to heelthe, bi feith that is in Crist Jhesu.16 For al scripture inspirid of God is profitable to teche, to repreue, to chastice, to lerne in riytwisnes, that the man of God be parfit, lerud to al good werk. Wyclif Bible (late) 1395

15Since childhood, you have known the Holy Scriptures that are able to make you wise enough to have faith in Christ Jesus and be saved. 16Everything in the Scriptures is God's Word. All of it is useful for teaching and helping people and for correcting them and showing them how to live. 17The Scriptures train God's servants to do all kinds of good deeds.

Contemporary English Version (CEV)

slide3
Today there are over 500 translations of the Bible in English, available at bookstores, the library, and even on the Internet.
  • But once, there was just one.

This one

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Oure fadir that art in heuenes,

halewid be thi name;

thi kingdoom come to;

be thi will don in erthe

as it is in heuene;

yue to vs this dai oure ech dayes breed

and foryue to vs oure dettis

as we foryuen to oure dettouris

and lede vs not in to temptacioun,

but delyuere vs fro yuel. Amen

slide6

There were translations before, e.g. an Anglo Saxon one. As you can easily recognize, the following passage is a version of the LORD‘S PRAYER, too.

slide7

Anglosaxon Translation of the Lord’s Prayer (Our Father)

Middle Ages (600– 1100)

Fæder ure þu þe eart on heofonum, Si þin nama gehalgod. to becume þin rice, gewurþe ðin willa, on eorðan swa on heofonum. urne gedæghwamlican hlaf syle us todæg, and forgyf us ure gyltas, swa we forgyfað urum gyltendum. and ne gelæd þu us on costnunge, ac alys us of yfele. soþlice.

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He studied and taught philosophy and theology in Oxford

Studierte und lehrte Philosophie und Theologie in Oxford

Later he became a pastor in a little village

Später wurde er Pfarrer in einer kleinen Landgemeinde

He didn’t like the political power of the pope, because “God alone gives authority”  he was banned by the pope

Verneinte politischen Machtanspruch des Papstes, weil Gott allein Autorität verleiht  vom Papst verbannt

Preachers at his time often mixed biblical stories with folk tales and superstition

Wanderprediger seiner Zeit vermischten oft biblische Geschichten mit Fabeln

oder Volksaberglauben

People only heard Latin Words from the bible in the church, but didn’t understand what they heard

Volk hörte in der Kirche lateinische Worte aus der hl. Schrift ( verstand sie aber nicht)

slide11

From 1380 on he sent out preachers (lollards) to spread his teachings

Ab 1380 schickte er Wanderprediger um seine Lehrer zu verbreiten

In 1382 his writings were not accepted in Oxford lost his jobs in the church, but he wasn’t accused/ persecuted

1382 wurden seine Schriften in Oxford als ketzerisch verurteilt  verlor seine kirchlichen Ämter, wurde aber nicht angeklagt

In 1383 he translated the New Testament into English in 1384 he died; his followers were persecuted and murdered

übersetzte 1383 als erster das neue Testament ins Englische, starb 1384 in seiner Pfarre; verbliebene Anhänger verfolgt und hingerichtet

slide12

William Tyndale (1494-1536)

Historic Facts Everybody Ought To Know . . . Tyndale, An Ana-Baptist, Was Hanged . . . His Body Burned . . . For Translating The Bible Into English.

slide13

No Tyndale, No Shakespeare

Tyndale's sense of rhythm and poetic proportion gives force to such classic sentences as these:

"Ask, and it shall be given you; seek and ye shall find; knock and it shall be opened unto you" (Matthew 7)

Tyndale was a pioneer in the use of ordinary language for poetic aphorism. His phrases are as widely used as Shakespeare's "the milk of human kindness," or "to be or not to be," and it well may be that he made Shakespeare possible.

slide14

Miles Coverdale (1488-1569)

Coverdale's was the first complete Bible printed in English, published in 1535 and printed at Zurich.

slide15

King James (1566-1625)

Born in 1566 to Queen Mary of Scots

Ascended the Scottish throne in 1567

Ascended English throne in 1603

Initiated translation of English Bible, which is now known as

King James Version (Authorised Version)

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Why are there so many Bible translations?

  • Important old manuscripts were found in the last 200 years
  • Ancient languages are very different from modern languages
  • All living languages continually change and develop over time
  • Cultural developments require new sensitivities in language
slide17

Translation Philosophies:

Formal Correspondence Translations

Stick as closely as possible to the original wording of Hebrew and Greek texts, are good for in-depth academic study but difficult to read and understand (YLT)

Dynamic Equivalence Translations

Put the sense of the original text into best modern English, faithful to the original text, better suited for public proclamation (NIV)

Biblical Paraphrases

Not accurate translations, freely change wording of original, easy to understand and relevant for readers (CEV)

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Books of the Bible

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy,

Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1+2 Samuel, 1+2 Kings, 1+2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther,

Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Salomon,

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi,

Matthew, Mark, Luke, John,

Acts, Romans, 1+2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1+2 Thessalonians, 1+2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon,

Hebrews, James, 1+2 Peter, 1+2+3 John, Jude,

Revelation

genesis 1 1 2 william tyndale translation wtt 1530
Genesis 1: 1, 2 :: William Tyndale Translation (WTT)(1530)

In the begynnynge God created heaven and erth. The erth was voyde and emptie, addarcknesse was vpon the depe, an the spirite of god moved vpon the water ... .

genesis 1 1 2 the coverdale bible tcb 1535
Genesis 1: 1, 2 :: The Coverdale Bible (TCB) (1535)

In ye begynnynge God created heauen and earth: ye earth was voyde and emptie, and darcknes was vpon the depe, and ye sprete of God mouedvpo the water.

genesis 1 1 2 young s literal translation ylt 1898
Genesis 1:1,2 :: Young's Literal Translation (YLT)(1898)

1 In the beginning of God's preparing the heavens and the earth --2the earth hath existed waste and void, and darkness [is] on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God flutteringon the face of the waters.

genesis 1 1 2 king james version kjv or authorized version 1611 revised standard version rsv 1901
Genesis 1:1,2 :: King James Version (KJV) or Authorized Version(1611), Revised Standard Version (RSV)(1901)

1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

genesis 1 1 2 new international version niv 1966
Genesis 1:1,2 :: New International Version (NIV)(1966)

1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.

genesis 1 1 2 new king james version nkjv 1982
Genesis 1:1,2 :: New King James Version (NKJV)(1982)

1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

2 The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

genesis 1 1 2 contemporary english version cev 1992
Genesis 1:1,2 :: Contemporary English Version (CEV)(1992)

1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

2 The earth was barren, with no form of life; it was under a roaring ocean covered with darkness.But the Spirit of God was movingoverthe water.

genesis 1 1 2 new living translation nlt 1996
Genesis 1:1,2 :: New Living Translation (NLT)(1996)

1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

2 The earth was empty,a formless mass cloaked in darkness. And the Spirit of God was hovering overits surface.

slide28

Sources:

www.bible-researcher.com

www.bible.org/netbible

www.williamtyndale.com

www.bible-history.com

www.gospelcom.net

Much can be found with the help of search engines. Just look for „English translations of the Bible“

slide29

For more information see webpage About the Bible from the Canadian Bible Society

or

http://clwww.lmu.edu/faculty/fjust/Bible/English_Translations.htm