KincarePositive Outcomes ForChildren and CaregiversRick Peterson& Dorothy Perkins
Learning Objectives: • Learn about: • Risk and Protective Factors for children • Risk and Protective Factors at different levels. • Their impact on children and care givers • Discuss common kincare issues and concerns.
What are Risk Factors? • Risk Factors are variables associated with poor outcomes for children. • Examples: Challenging Behaviors,ADHD • Marital or Family Conflict • Poverty
Multiple Risk Factors • Exposure to any combination of three or more risk factors may increase the risk and thus the possibility of a poor outcome for the child. 3 or more
What are Protective Factors? • Protective Factors are conditions or qualities related to positive outcomes for children. • Examples: Structured and nurturing family Safe and pleasant neighborhood • No emotional or temperamental impairments
Which are more important Risk or Protective Factors • Both are important • Both play an important role in a child’s development • Reduce the risk • Increase the protective
True or False? • Risk factors are more predictive of children’s outcome than are protective factor? • Answer: False • We know that risks lead to problems but we know far less about why some people, in the face of adversity and against the odds, develop into well-functioning and relatively health adults.
Youth Risk and Protective Levels SCHOOL • Individual • Family • Friends • School • Work • Community PARENTS KINCARE YOUTH FRIENDS WORK TEACHERS COMMUNITY
Kincare Risk and Protective Levels COMMUNITY • Individual • Family • Friends • Work • Agency • Community FAMILY INDIVIDUAL FRIENDS AGENCY WORK
What Can Care Givers Do • Become aware of children's risk and protective factors at the individual, family, school and community levels. • Become aware of your own risk and protective factors at the individual, family, work, agency and community levels. • Focus on protective factors or processes that help bring about positive changes for children. • Promote and build your own self care and family strengths that foster resiliency in children.
Kincare Important Issues • Realistic expectations of grandchildren • Stages of Development • Guidance and Discipline • Supervision & Consistency • Support for learning, homework, schoolwork • Patience
Kincare Important Issues • Communication with other family members • Parental participation • Relationship with other grandchildren • Advocacy and education of others about Kincare issues • Money • Health care • Housing • Legal issues
Kincare Important Issues inAssuming a Parental Role Again • Self Care • Limits on own social role, isolation • Awareness of own health/mental health • Develop a sense of humor • Ask for and receive help • Respite • Support Group
Importance ofKincare Support Groups • Share burdens and problems • Share coping strategies • Gain new information
Kincare Value to Children • Communicates unconditional love • Supplies a tie to the past • Shares values and philosophies • Transmits heritage and culture • Provides companion time • Provides a sense of worth • Serves as an example of later life stages
Take Home Message • Never under estimate the power you have to make a difference in a child’s life.
Issues and Concerns • Discussion