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Election 2008. The Race to the White House. Election 2008. The Race for the White House. Key Election Terms. Political party – an organization to gain political power. Candidate – a person who seeks an office, honor, etc.

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election 2008

Election 2008

The Race to the White House

election 20081

Election 2008

The Race for the White House

key election terms
Key Election Terms
  • Political party – an organization to gain political power.
  • Candidate – a person who seeks an office, honor, etc.
  • Primary election – a preliminary election in which voters of each party nominate candidates for office, party officers
  • General election – a regularly scheduled local, state, or national election in which voters elect officeholders.
key election terms1
Key Election Terms
  • Caucus – a meeting of party members within a legislative body to select leaders and determine strategy
  • Closed primary – direct primary in which only persons meeting tests of party membership may vote.
  • Open primary – a direct primary election in which voters need not meet a test of party membership.
electoral college huh1
Electoral College? Huh??
  • U.S. presidents are NOT chosen by direct popular vote (meaning they got the most votes from the people)…just ask Al Gore (2000), Grover Cleveland (1888), Sam Tilden (1876), Andrew Jackson (1828).
  • Instead, the Electoral College actually decides the presidency…
  • In every state, a list of electors is pledged to each candidate.
  • The purpose of the direct popular vote in each state is to choose one of these electors.
electoral college huh2
Electoral College? Huh??
  • Usually, the candidate who wins the direct popular vote in a state gets all of the state’s electoral votes…
  • These electors meet in their state capitals in December to cast their state’s electoral votes for president.
  • These votes are sent to the U.S. Congress for official counting…
electoral college huh3
Electoral College? Huh??
  • The total number of votes in the Electoral College is 538.
  • The presidential candidate who wins 270 or more of these votes wins the election!!!
election 20082

Election 2008

The Campaigning Begins!

democratic candidates
Democratic Candidates
  • P.S. Why does the Democratic Party use a donkey as it’s symbol?
  • Most associated with President Andrew Jackson, who was called a “jackass” by his opponents!!!
  • President Jackson then took up the symbol to describe his own “stubbornness”!!
  • In 1874, Thomas Nast made the symbol popular in a political cartoon and it remains to this day!!
democratic candidates1
Democratic Candidates
  • Sen. Hillary Clinton (NY)
democratic candidates2
Democratic Candidates
  • Sen. John Edwards (NC)
democratic candidates3
Democratic Candidates
  • Sen. Barack Obama (IL)
other democratic candidates
Other Democratic Candidates
  • Gov. Bill Richardson (NM)
  • Sen. Chris Dodd (CN)
  • Rep. Dennis Kuchich (OH)
  • Sen. Joseph Biden (DE)
republican candidates
Republican Candidates
  • P.S. Why does the Republican Party use an elephant as it’s symbol?
  • In 1874, Thomas Nast again drew a political cartoon depicting the Democratic “donkey” kicking at a Republican “elephant”.
  • The idea stuck and is still used today!
republican candidates1
Republican Candidates
  • Gov. Mike Huckabee (AR)
republican candidates2
Republican Candidates
  • Sen. John McCain (AZ)
republican candidates3
Republican Candidates
  • Gov. Mitt Romney (MA)
other republican candidates
Other Republican Candidates
  • Fmr. Mayor Rudy Giuliani (NYC)
  • Fmr. Sen. Fred Thompson (TN)
  • Rep. Ron Paul (TX)
nomination process
Nomination Process
  • Each state holds a primary election or caucus
  • Depending on state or party laws, voters often are voting for a “delegate” who will be “bound” to vote for that candidate at the party’s national convention.
  • “Unpledged” delegates also participate in the party’s nominating convention, but are not bound to vote for a particular candidate.
democratic primaries
Democratic Primaries
  • Obama – 2,206
  • Clinton – 1,906
  • Edwards – 26
  • TOTAL NEEDED – 2,118
democratic primaries1

Democratic Primaries

Obama = Green / Clinton = Red

republican primaries
Republican Primaries
  • McCain – 1,504
  • Huckabee - 286
  • Romney - 242
  • TOTAL NEEDED – 1,191
republican primaries1

Republican Primaries

McCain = Blue / Huckabee = Orange / Romney = Green

republican nominee

Republican Nominee

Sen. John McCain

republican nominee1
Republican Nominee
  • Sen. John McCain
  • U.S. Senator from Arizona
  • 72 years old
  • U.S. Naval Academy, B.S., 1958
  • National War College, 1974
democratic nominee

Democratic Nominee

Sen. Barack Obama

democratic nominee1
Democratic Nominee
  • Sen. Barack Obama
  • U.S. Senator from Illinois
  • 47 years old
  • Columbia University, B.A., 1983
  • Harvard University, J.D., 1991
election 20083

Election 2008

The Issues

iraq war war on terror
Iraq War & “War on Terror”
  • Believes that the U.S. should fulfill it’s mission in Iraq.
  • Believes U.S. troops should remain until the mission is completed.
  • Believes war in Iraq is directly related to the “War on Terror”
iraq war war on terror1
Iraq War & “War on Terror”
  • Believes in a slow, scheduled withdrawl from Iraq.
  • Believes war was a “strategic blunder”.
  • Believes in open dialogue with Syria & Iran.
  • Believes focus of “War on Terror” should be on Al-Qaeda and the Taliban.
illegal immigration
Illegal Immigration
  • Supports giving illegal aliens eventual citizenship if earned.
  • Advocates fines, waiting periods, and deportation in some cases.
  • Supports building a wall to increase border security.
illegal immigration1
Illegal Immigration
  • Supports giving illegal aliens eventual citizenship if earned.
  • Supports border patrol and building a wall.
  • Advocates holding employers accountable for hiring illegal aliens.
energy crisis
Energy Crisis
  • Advocates development of alternative fuels.
  • Says oil profits should be reinvested into nuclear energy.
  • Does not support the Kyoto Protocol.
energy crisis1
Energy Crisis
  • Calls for more investment in hybrid and ethanol production.
  • Advocates conservation and development of alternative fuels.
  • Would look into more nuclear energy.
  • Believes in rewarding good schools.
  • Supports charter schools.
  • Opposed to national standards for funding.
  • Believes states should decide school voucher issue.
  • Believes in providing incentives to improve the educational system.
  • Increase teacher pay to attract more qualified teachers.
  • Says “No Child Left Behind” is under funded.
health care
Health Care
  • Opposes universal, mandated health care and insurance.
  • Supports tax credits and medical savings accounts for health care.
  • Advocates more community health centers.
health care1
Health Care
  • Believes U.S. Government should provide universal health care for all.
  • Advocates more competition among insurance & pharmaceutical markets to lower costs.
foreign policy
Foreign Policy
  • Advocates overthrowing “rogue governments” and using assertive tactics.
  • Dialogue with China, not Cuba.
  • Believes nuclear strength should be a tool in diplomacy.
foreign policy1
Foreign Policy
  • NATO should be strengthened.
  • U.S. policy should be to promote democracy & human rights.
  • Supports African development.
  • Supports Israel.
  • Dialogue with Syria / Iran
democratic ticket

Democratic Ticket

Obama / Biden ‘08

republican ticket

Republican Ticket

McCain / ?????? ‘08

just one vote
Just ONE Vote!!!
  • 1776: One vote gave America the English language instead of German.
  • 1800: One vote kept Aaron Burr, later charged with treason, from becoming president.
  • 1850: One vote made California a state.
  • 1859: One vote made Oregon a state.
  • 1868: One vote saved President Andrew Johnson from being removed from office.