Wearable Devices Team #3 : Team Topic Presentation DCS861A Emerging Information Technologies II S.Feddock, J. Flynn, M. Kirchhoff, N. Nassar, J. Sicuranza
Content 1.0 Objectives 2.0 Wearable Devices Definition and Types 3.0 Medical – Wearable Devices 4.0 Wellness – Wearable Devices 5.0 Security – Wearable Devices 6.0 Accessories – Wearable Devices 7.0 Futuristic Concepts 8.0 Research Areas 9.0 Discussion Summary Appendix
1.0 Objectives • Define Wearable Devices • Define Types of Devices • Show the Technology Behind Device • List Pros v Cons of Device • Provide Research Areas for Wearable Devices • Provide Discussions for Wearable Devices • Summarize Topics
2.0 Wearable Devices Definition • The term “wearable device” refers to electronic technologies or computers that are incorporated into items of clothing and accessories which can comfortably be worn on the body. * * Tehrani, Kiana. “Wearable Devices: Everything You Need to Know.” Wearable Devices Magazine November 2013. Wearable Devices Web.
3.0 Medical - Wearable Devices • Wearable Belts • Sensor Insoles • Smart Clothing • Headsets • Patches • Respiratory Biofeedback and Body Sensor Networks • Sensors in Sheets
3.1 Medical: Wearable Belt • Type of Device • Wearable surveillance system; Wearable Belt Monitor variations of posture, falls, and gait disability • Technology Behind Device • Communication Module: Wireless LAN card; Connects to Users Home Network • Storage Module : 256MB Memory Card • Analysis Module • Sensor Module • Pros v Cons • Pro: Monitors Daily Activities and Change in Activities for notifications • Con: Its removable, discomfort while sleeping
3.2 Medical: Sensor Insole • Type of Device • Moticon’sOpenGo Measures Weightbearing, Balance, Temperature, Acceleration http://www.moticon.de/en/system/sensor-insole#sensorsohle-anwendung • Technology Behind Device • Firmware is fitted in the insole and communicates with PC software via USB radio stick • Pros v Cons • Pro: Freedom of Movement, Daily Wear, Comfortable, Improve Performance, Monitor Rehabilitation • Con: Nothing reported.
4.0 Wellness - Wearable Devices • Wristbands • Smart Clothing • Wearable Belts • Clothing Attachments • Sensor Insoles
4.1 Wellness - Wristband • Type of Device • Fitbit FORCE™ WIRELESS ACTIVITY AND SLEEP WRISTBAND Physical Activity and Sleep Monitoring http://www.fitbit.com/force • Technology Behind Device • Wireless BlueTooth 4.0 to synch to computer, iPhone, and/or Android Smartphones • Pros v Cons • Pros: See Real Time Progress • Daily Stats on Wrist and Watch progress over time with charts and graphs • Set Daily Goals, Earn Badges, Challenge Friends • Cons: • Wristband hard to clasp • Rashes have been reported • Metrics not accurate
5.0 Security – Wearable Devices • Watches • Bracelets • Rings
5.1 Security – Watch Password (Blink) • Type of Device • Wearable as password replacement • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XAURSZwIVcU&list=HL1386264928(2min) • Tracking device for Child/Pet Protection • Technology Behind Device • Using NFC & Bluetooth to ‘lock’ mobile device once user leaves proximity • Algorithm to identify each and its associated ACL of programs • Pros v Cons • Pro: Knowing where your child is • Con: Device loss, technical support
5.2 Security – Heartbeat Bracelet (Nymi) • Type of Device • Wearable as password replacement • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jUO7Qnmc8vE#t=19 • Seamless Authentication to Devices, cars, Hotel Rooms, etc. • Technology Behind Device • Using NFC & Bluetooth to ‘lock’ and unlock any device paired • Taking your heart's unique rhythm and creating a secure ID for you from it • Pros v Cons • Pro: True Biometric, cannot be copied, and useless if lost • Con: True Biometric, must put your heart rhythm on record Reference: http://www.dvice.com/2013-9-3/nymi-bracelet-replaces-keys-and-passwords-your-heartbeat
6.0 Accessories – Wearable Devices • Smart Watches - Accessories • Glasses - Accessories • Umbrella
6.1 Smart Watches • Type of Device • Smart watches • Sony SmartWatch, Apple iWatch, Galaxy Gear … (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B3qeJKax2CU) and more to come • Technology Behind Device • Smart phone technology • Uses NFC, Bluetooth, and RF technology for communication • Pros v Cons • Pro: More integration, gateway to Internet of Things (IOT) • Con: Distraction on the road, battery life, smaller screens
6.2 Google Glass • Google glass is termed as a wearable computer, developed by Google X Lab. • Display information in a smart phone-like hands –free format , that can interact with the internet via natural voice command. Technology Used • Eye tap technologies. • Android technology with 4G • Google Glass provide an experience known as augmented reality, where images are superimposed over what the user see in real life. Pros vs Cons Pros: Glasses for driving, No need to take your eyes off the road. Cons: Unusual devices aren't airport-friendly. ‘Nerdy’ look/ social stigma
6.3 AIR UMBRELLA • The Air Umbrella The concept removes the plastic top from the umbrella and replaces it with a wind shield. The design of the Air Umbrella calls for air to be sucked through the bottom, then shot out of the top in a pattern that mimics the standard canopy.
8.0 Research Areas • Acute illness with medical wearable devices • Pill tells doctors when it's been swallowed • Edible micro-battery, that could power ingestible medical devices • Wearable devices’ authentication • How to handle unsecure networks and hostile environments
9.0 Discussion • Will this decrease patient time in clinical settings? • Will there be lower re-admittance rates to Emergency Departments? • Will it improve overall fitness, nutrition, and wellness? • Will it increase security? • Will driver/motorcyclist be safer? • Will these devices bring us closer to the Singularity?
Where are Wearable Devices on the Technology Life Cycle Stacks? Kendall’s Technology Life Cycle Kurzweil’s Technology Life Cycle Precursor (dream or contemplation) Invention Development (emergence) Maturity (established) Pretenders (threat by upstart) Obsolescence (by new technology) Antiquity • Invention • Emergence (come forth from obscurity, not reached full potential) • Acceptance (established) • Sublime (fully appreciated) • Surplus
Summary • Wearable devices are soon to be part of our day to day life • Wearable gadget are geared toward an easier transition to the Internet of Things (IOT) notion • Medical, Fitness, Security, and Communication are currently the main domain of where wearable devices used. • Although essential role wearable devices shall play, but it has its own set of disadvantages such as distraction to drivers, the higher likability be lost/stolen.
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Appendix A - References Medicalhttp://www.moticon.de/en/system/sensor-insole#sensorsohle-anwendungWellnesshttp://www.fitbit.com/forceSmartWatchhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B3qeJKax2CU http://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-talk/biomedical/devices/a-cochlear-implant-with-no-stigmatizing-external-hardware#.UvpCcF8nca4.facebook Wearable Password Replacementhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jUO7Qnmc8vE#t=19http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XAURSZwIVcU&list=HL1386264928 TEDhttp://www.ted.com/talks/pattie_maes_demos_the_sixth_sense.html
Appendix B – Journal Articles Guan-Zheng Liu, Bang-Yu Huang, and Lei Wang. A Wearable Respiratory Biofeedback System Based on Generalized Body Sensor Network. Telemedicine and e-Health. June 2011, 17(5): 348-357. doi:10.1089/tmj.2010.0182. Sungyoup Hong, Yougmo Yang, Seunghwan Kim, Seungcheol Shin, Inbum Lee, Yongwon Jang, Kiseong Kim, Hwayeon Yi, and Jangyoung Lee. Performance Study of the Wearable One-Lead Wireless Electrocardiographic Monitoring System. Telemedicine and e-Health. March 2009, 15(2): 166-175. doi:10.1089/tmj.2008.0071. Toshihiko Yoshida, Fumio Mizuno, TomoakiHayasaka, Kenichi Tsubota, Yousuke Imai, Takuji Ishikawa, and TakamiYamaguchi.Development of a Wearable Surveillance System Using Gait Analysis Telemedicine and e-Health. December 2007, 13(6): 703-714. doi:10.1089/tmj.2007.0015. Wearable Health Monitors: Real-Time, Patient-Friendly Data Collection. Telemedicine and e-Health. March 2010, 16(2): 134-138. doi:10.1089/tmj.2010.9994.
Appendix B – Journal Articles cont. Jun Dong,Jia-weiZhang,Hong-haiZhu,Li-ping Wang,XiaLiu,Zhen-jiang Li. IEEE Intelligent Systems. A Remote Diagnosis Service Platform for Wearable ECG Monitors. November 2012. pp. 36-43 Aiden Doherty,PaulKelly,Charlie Foster. Wearable Cameras: Identifying Healthy Transportation Choices. IEEE Pervasive Computing. January 2013. pp. 44-47 SiyuanChen,Julien Epps. Toward Wearable Computing that Understands your Current Task. IEEE Pervasive Computing. July 2013. pp. 56-65