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Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management at the Pacific Fishery Management Council. Perspectives from the Front Line. Donald O. McIsaac, Ph.D. Pacific Fishery Management Council Executive Director May 1, 2009. Fishery Regulatory Process. Council Process. Research/Science. Scientific Review.

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slide1
Pacific Fishery Management Council

Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management

at the

Pacific Fishery Management Council

Perspectives from the Front Line

Donald O. McIsaac, Ph.D.

Pacific Fishery Management Council

Executive Director

May 1, 2009

slide2
Pacific Fishery Management Council

Fishery Regulatory Process

Council Process

Research/Science

ScientificReview

Advisory Body Expertise

Public Input

Fishery Management Policy

Fishery Regulations

Council Recommendations

to NOAA

U S

Coast Guard

U.S. Department of Commerce

Approves and Codifies Federal Fishery Regulations

Enforcement

slide3
Pacific Fishery Management Council

Pacific Council is Poised to Start EBFM: Why?

1. Improve Fishery Management Performance of Existing Fishery Management Plans, via a More Comprehensive Scientific Approach

Coastal Pelagic Species

Salmon

Highly Migratory Species

Groundfish

slide4
Pacific Fishery Management Council

Pacific Council is Poised to Start EBFM: Why?

2. Expand Fishery Management Capabilities to Species and Habitats Not Currently in Council FMPs

Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary

Marine Protected Areas In Federal Waters

slide5
Pacific Fishery Management Council

Limited EBFM Concepts in Current Practice at the Pacific Fishery Management Council

  • Harvest Ban on All Species of Euphausiids
  • Harvest Control Rules for Coastal Pelagics
  • Marine Protected Areas
  • Oregon Coastal Coho Harvest Control Rule
slide6
Pacific Fishery Management Council

Existing EBFM Concepts

Harvest Ban on All Species of Krill (Euphausiids)

  • Recognizes Importance of Krill in Marine Food Web
  • Helpful to Overfished Rockfish and Salmon Species Listed under the ESA.
  • Implementation Challenges May Have Been Avoided Under and Ecosystem Fishery Management Plan
slide7
Pacific Fishery Management Council

Existing EBFM Concepts

Harvest Control Rules for Coastal Pelagics

HGyear+1 = (Biomassyear – Cutoff) * Fraction(5%-15%) * Distribution

  • Pacific Sardine-150,000mt
  • Minimizes Potential for Overfishing
  • Precautionary Forage Species Policy

Environmental Component

slide8
Pacific Fishery Management Council

Existing EBFM Concepts

Marine Protected Areas

Rockfish Conservation Areas

Essential Fish Habitat Closures

slide9
Pacific Fishery Management Council

Existing EBFM Concepts

Coho Salmon Harvest Control Rule

Uses Smolt to Jack Survival as an Indicator of Marine Ecological Conditions

slide10
Pacific Fishery Management Council

Existing EBFM Concepts

Multi-Species Management

  • Pacific Council Does Not Strictly Manage with a Single Species Focus
    • Krill Harvest Ban – Multiple Species Benefits
    • Salmon Bycatch Management in Pacific Whiting Fishery
    • Incidental Groundfish Take in Salmon Fishery
    • Protected Species Interactions
slide12
Pacific Fishery Management Council
  • E-FMP Development in 2007
  • “Evolutionary, not revolutionary”
  • Build on Existing Concepts:
  • Ecosystem Principles Advisory Panel Report (1999)
  • John Field and Robert Francis, Considering ecosystem-based fisheries management in the California Current (2006)
  • PSMFC sponsored panel and report Strengthening Scientific Input and Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management for the Pacific and North Pacific Fishery Management
  • Council White Paper Development of an Ecosystem Fishery Management Plan
slide13
Pacific Fishery Management Council

Umbrella FMP

  • Discusses regulatory role
  • Defines geographic scope
  • Specifies management unit species
  • FMP Interrelated, species interactions
  • Ecosystem Information

Annual “State of the Ecosystem” Report

Marine

Reserves EA or EIS

Forage

Species EA or EIS?

Other

EAs/EISs

“tiered actions”

slide14
Pacific Fishery Management Council

Barriers to Implementation

  • Funding
  • Potential Legal Questions on EBFM Implementation
slide15
Pacific Fishery Management Council

Barriers to Implementation

Funding

  • $400K Requested for Initiation of E-FMP, Yet to Be Granted
  • 10’s of Millions Spent within NOAA on EBFM
    • On Development, Research, Monitoring, and Modeling, but little on Implementation
  • The Pacific Council Process is the Proper Regional Forum for EBFM Implementation on the West Coast
        • Formal Policy Adoption
        • Actual Fishing Regulations
slide16
Pacific Fishery Management Council

Barriers to Implementation

Potential Legal Questions on EBFM Implementation

  • Do E-FMPs Need to meet MSA Section 303 Requirements?
    • Benchmarks such as MSY and OY for all components
    • OFL and ACLs
    • Management Authority over Ecosystem Components
  • Can E-FMPs Include Fishery Management Authority?
  • MSA Reauthorization Provided Little Specific Guidance
slide17
Pacific Fishery Management Council

What Next?

Contingent Upon Funding

  • Form a Plan Development Team - 10 members:
    • 1 from each coastal state; 1 tribal; 1 each from the NMFS NWR, SWR, NWFSC, and SWFSC; and 2 from NOS;
  • From An Advisory Subpanel- 10 members:
    • 2 fishery reps. for each of the 4 FMPs, a conservation representative, and a representative of coastal communities;
  • Initial Charge: Develop (1) description of the purpose and need, and (2) a list of goals and objectives of an Ecosystem FMP
slide18
Pacific Fishery Management Council

What Next?

Contingent Upon Funding

  • Two-Year Process to Develop an E-FMP
  • Scientific Review – SSC and Peer Review
  • Full Council Process
    • Public Input
    • Government Agency and Tribal Input
    • Transparent Decision Making
slide19
Pacific Fishery Management Council

In Closing

  • True EBFM Implementation and Application on the West Coast Must include the Council Process
    • A systematic approach for a full regulatory process via a formal FMP is poised for development
  • Funding and Potential Legal Questions are Current Barriers

Who is in charge?