Chapter 27. Empire and Expansion “IMPERIALISM” Timeframe: 1890-1909. American Foreign & Domestic Policy. ________ : the creation and/or maintenance of an unequal ______________________, often in the form of an ____, based on _________________________________."
Empire and Expansion
________: the creation and/or maintenance of an unequal ______________________, often in the form of an ____, based on _________________________________."
_________________ : the theory that supports war
Post Civil War America: ____________________
DOMESTIC Issue: America focused on a domestic agenda and _________
Foreign Issue: Emerge as a “___________” for _________________through military strength, and social structure
New Conscious: STRENGTH, land hungry, pride….
*Paint ships WHITE and cruise all around the world
*Saving Souls / Civilizing the uncivilized
Example: Rev. Josiah Strong’s Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis.
- British Poem published in 1899
(Latin American Markets will be open to Yankee Traders)
*_______________________ Washington D.C.
(First conference to build a stronger relationship with Latin America)
Extension of the __________________
MAJOR Problem: Concerns were that
How do we fix it?!?
of the American leaders
- ____________________________ (1893)
Led under the influence of the American Embassy Leader (__________________)
“The Hawaiian pear is now fully ripe…and this is the golden hour for the United States to pluck it”
Papers were drawn up and sent to Washington D.C.
Purpose: Annex the Hawaiian islands into America
*1892 – final year of Harrison’s term
1893 – President Cleveland (2nd term)WITHDREW the treaty!
The United States would eventually GET / TAKE Hawaii in 1898
*Main focus: UNITED STATES “supports” Cuba
(3) Cuba ___________________________where the U.S. was dreaming of a ___________________.
Problem: Spain wants to restore order in Cuba!
- Spanish General sent to restore order against the Cuban rebels
Tactics: created concentration camps
(1/3 of Cuban Population)
Yellow Journalist LOVED these stories!
(Indirect Cause of the Spanish American War)
William Randolph Hearst sent Frederic Remington down to Cuba and said
(Indirect Cause of the Spanish American War)
Spanish official Dupuy de Lôme wrote a letter which criticized
William Randolph Hearst published the letter for all to read;
Americans were upset.
Cuban rebel intercepts and passes it along to America
(Direct Cause of the Spanish – American War)
(3) ___________________________: February 15, 1898, when the
U.S.S. Maineexploded at night in Havana harbor killing 260
1976 – U.S. found out Spain did not cause explosion
Teddy Roosevelt (Secretary of the Navy) sends________________________to move to the Philippines (controlled by Spain) if war broke out.
May 1, 1898, Dewey moves out
Spanish Navy vs. American Navy
(We were beasts!)
Philippine Action: ___________________ led Filipino rebels against Spain (supported America)
TURNED AGAINST AMERICA and led the Philippine-American War (_________________________)
(ONLY country to fight America after the Spanish-American War ….from a result of freedom from Spain)
Result: The Philippines were sold to America for $20 Million and Congress annexed them into America as a “_________________”
After, Congress and McKinley wanted Hawaii…so they took it (annexation) on July 7, 1898
Let’s go to Cuba
*More deaths from disease than bullets
***********_______________________– led by __________________and Leonard Wood
______________and independent, as the Teller Amendment had said it would be.
The U.S. gained
*Most significant threat: Philippines
America dips below morals:
- guaranteeing loans to Latin American businesses
- Outcome: American economic presence in Latin America
__________________: Congress proclaimed American _________________Cuba and would grant Cuba their freedom
Problem: After America won the Spanish-American War in 1898, Cuba was granted their freedom. While America helped Cuba win independence, their newly written Cuban constitution __________________________________________________!
Platt Amendment: America forced the Cuban leaders to amend their Constitution and place a relationship.
coining the phrase “____________________________” (SOI)
United States – influences the ___________________
Europe – influences the _______________________
_____________________(Populist/Dem.) Vs. ____________________(Rep.)
McKinley wins reelection
Why? (Teddy Roosevelt was his running mate)
Only six months after being reelected, McKinley was shot and killed in Buffalo, NY by a mentally unstable man. V.P. Teddy Roosevelt became the youngest president ever at only 42 years old.
A canal would also be _________________________.
-largest modern engineering undertaking to date
- finished in 1914
- cost $400 million
Could habitat certain Latin American areas
Britain decided to push their aggression to the side
___________________________________ Treaty (1901)
(1) _______________ – Volcano erupts killing 300,000 people
(2) _____________________ – obvious choiceProblem: Panama is controlled by _______________________
Panamanian Revolution (1901)
- Panamanian rebels revolted against Colombia and shot a Colombian leader and a donkey
U.S. appeared as bullying Latin America around! (______________)
Monroe Doctrine: “Europe, don’t intervene!”
Roosevelt Corollary: “Europe, we will intervene for you!”
Overall Outcome: U.S. government will “GUARANTEE” loans made to Latin American countries that are made by American businesses
Famous Quote: “Dollars for Bullets”
Progressive President: _____________ (WWI = 1914-1918)
*Gave the Monroe Doctrine / Roosevelt Corollary a “_____” tone!
Woodrow Wilson ______________________________________________________________________________________________
Problem: MEXICO gets ANGRY!!! (Mexican government DID NOT care about their citizens)
*This leads to the Mexican Revolution…..