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  1. Highlights From TIMSS 2007 Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Fourth- and Eighth-Grade Students in an International Context Stuart Kerachsky Acting Commissioner National Center for Education Statistics Institute of Education SciencesU.S. Department of Education

  2. Developed and implemented by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) Designed to align broadly with mathematics and science curricula in participating countries Assesses fourth- and eighth-graders In 2007, 36 countries participated at grade 4, and 48 countries participated at grade 8 Results focus on U.S. performance relative to other countries in 2007, and on changes in achievement since 1995 TIMSS Background Information 2

  3. TIMSS 2007 mathematics average scores grade 4 U.S. average score higher than TIMSS scale average 3 Average score is higher than U.S. average score Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  4. TIMSS 2007 mathematics average scores grade 4 • U.S. average score lower than average scores of 8 countries • Top countries in Asia and Europe 4 Average score is higher than U.S. average score Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  5. TIMSS 2007 mathematics average scores grade 4 U.S. average score higher than average scores of 23 countries 5 Average score is higher than U.S. average score Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  6. TIMSS 2007 mathematics average scores grade 4 U.S. average score not measurably different from average scores of 4 countries 6 Average score is higher than U.S. average score Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  7. TIMSS 2007 mathematics average scores grade 8 U.S. average score higher than TIMSS scale average 7 Average score is higher than U.S. average score Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  8. TIMSS 2007 mathematics average scores grade 8 • U.S. average score lower than average scores of 5 countries • Top countries in Asia 8 Average score is higher than U.S. average score Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  9. TIMSS 2007 mathematics average scores grade 8 U.S. average score higher than average scores of 37 countries 9 Average score is higher than U.S. average score Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  10. TIMSS 2007 mathematics average scores grade 8 U.S. average score not measurably different from average scores of 5 countries 10 Average score is higher than U.S. average score Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  11. Trends in average mathematics scores of U.S. fourth-grade students: 1995, 2003, and 2007 • * p<.05. Score significantly different from 2007 score. • 1 No fourth-grade assessment was conducted in 1999. 11

  12. Country difference in scores between 1995 and 2007 is greater than U.S. Country difference in scores between 1995 and 2007 is not measurably different from U.S. Country difference in scores between 1995 and 2007 is less than U.S. Trends in average mathematics scores of fourth-grade students, by country: 1995 to 2007 * p<.05. Within-country difference between 1995 and 2007 average scores is significant. 12

  13. Trends in average mathematics scores of U.S. eighth-grade students: 1995, 1999, 2003, and 2007 * p<.05. Score significantly different from 2007 score. 13

  14. Country difference in scores between 1995 and 2007 is greater than U.S. Country difference in scores between 1995 and 2007 is not measurably different from U.S. Country difference in scores between 1995 and 2007 is less than U.S. Trends in average mathematics scores of eighth-grade students, by country: 1995 to 2007 * p<.05. Within-country difference between 1995 and 2007 average scores is significant. 14

  15. Percentage of U.S. fourth-grade students who reached each TIMSS international mathematics benchmark compared with the international median percentage: 2007 Percent at or above Grade 4 *p < .05. U.S. percentage significantly higher than TIMSS international median percentage. 15

  16. Percentage of U.S. eighth-grade students who reached each TIMSS international mathematics benchmark compared with the international median percentage: 2007 Percent at or above Grade 8 *p < .05. U.S. percentage significantly higher than TIMSS international median percentage. 16

  17. TIMSS 2007 mathematics scores defining 10th and 90th percentiles Grade 4 17 Percentile cutpoint score is higher than U.S. cutpoint score Percentile cutpoint score is not measurably different from U.S. cutpoint score Percentile cutpoint score is lower than U.S. cutpoint score

  18. Trends in 10th and 90th percentile mathematics scores of U.S. fourth-grade students: 1995, 2003, and 2007 • *p < .05. Percentile cutpoint score is significantly different from 2007 percentile cutpoint score. • 1 No fourth-grade assessment was conducted in 1999. 18

  19. TIMSS 2007 mathematics scores defining 10th and 90th percentiles Grade 8 19 Percentile cutpoint score is higher than U.S. cutpoint score Percentile cutpoint score is not measurably different from U.S. cutpoint score Percentile cutpoint score is lower than U.S. cutpoint score

  20. Trends in 10th and 90th percentile mathematics scores of U.S. eighth-grade students: 1995, 1999, 2003, and 2007 *p < .05. Percentile cutpoint score is significantly different from 2007 percentile cutpoint score. 20

  21. Average mathematics scores of U.S. students, by grade and sex: 2007 *p < .05. Average score for males higher than average score for females. 21

  22. Average mathematics scores of U.S. fourth-grade students compared with TIMSS scale average, by race/ethnicity: 2007 *p < .05. Average score significantly different from TIMSS scale average. 22

  23. Average mathematics scores of U.S. eighth-grade students compared with TIMSS scale average, by race/ethnicity: 2007 *p < .05. Average score significantly different from TIMSS scale average. 23

  24. Average mathematics scores of U.S. fourth-grade students compared with TIMSS scale average, by percentage of students in public school eligible for free or reduced-price lunch: 2007 *p < .05. Average score significantly different from TIMSS scale average. 24

  25. Average mathematics scores of U.S. eighth-grade students compared with TIMSS scale average, by percentage of students in public school eligible for free or reduced-price lunch: 2007 *p < .05. Average score significantly different from TIMSS scale average. 25

  26. TIMSS 2007 science average scores grade 4 U.S. average score higher than TIMSS scale average 26 Average score is higher than U.S. average score Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  27. TIMSS 2007 science average scores grade 4 • U.S. average score lower than average scores of 4 countries • Top countries in Asia 27 Average score is higher than U.S. average score Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  28. TIMSS 2007 science average scores grade 4 U.S. average score higher than average scores of 25 countries Average score is higher than U.S. average score 28 Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  29. TIMSS 2007 science average scores grade 4 U.S. average score not measurably different from average scores of 6 countries 29 Average score is higher than U.S. average score Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  30. TIMSS 2007 science average scores grade 8 U.S. average score higher than TIMSS scale average 30 Average score is higher than U.S. average score Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  31. TIMSS 2007 science average scores grade 8 • U.S. average score lower than average scores of 9 countries • Top countries in Asia and Europe 31 Average score is higher than U.S. average score Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  32. TIMSS 2007 science average scores grade 8 U.S. average score higher than average scores of 35 other countries Average score is higher than U.S. average score 32 Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  33. TIMSS 2007 science average scores grade 8 U.S. average score not measurably different from average scores of 3 countries 33 Average score is higher than U.S. average score Average is not measurably different from U.S. average Average score is lower than U.S. average score

  34. Trends in average science scores of U.S. fourth-grade students: 1995, 2003, and 2007 • * p<.05. Score significantly different from 2007 score. • 1 No fourth-grade assessment was conducted in 1999. 34

  35. Country difference in scores between 1995 and 2007 is greater than U.S. Country difference in scores between 1995 and 2007 is not measurably different from U.S. Country difference in scores between 1995 and 2007 is less than U.S. Trends in average science scores of fourth-grade students, by country: 1995 to 2007 * p<.05. Within-country difference between 1995 and 2007 average scores is significant. 35

  36. Trends in average science scores of U.S. eighth-grade students: 1995, 1999, 2003, and 2007 * p<.05. Score significantly different from 2007 score. 36

  37. Country difference in scores between 1995 and 2007 is greater than U.S. Country difference in scores between 1995 and 2007 is not measurably different from U.S. Country difference in scores between 1995 and 2007 is less than U.S. Trends in average science scores of eighth-grade students, by country: 1995 to 2007 #Rounds to zero. * p<.05. Within-country difference between 1995 and 2007 average scores is significant. 37

  38. Percentage of U.S. fourth-grade students who reached each TIMSS international science benchmark compared with the international median percentage: 2007 *p < .05. U.S. percentage significantly higher than TIMSS international median percentage. 38

  39. Percentage of U.S. eighth-grade students who reached each TIMSS international science benchmark compared with the international median percentage: 2007 *p < .05. U.S. percentage significantly higher than TIMSS international median percentage. 39

  40. TIMSS 2007 science scores defining 10th and 90th percentiles Grade 4 40 Percentile cutpoint score is higher than U.S. cutpoint score Percentile cutpoint score is not measurably different from U.S. cutpoint score Percentile cutpoint score is lower than U.S. cutpoint score

  41. Trends in 10th and 90th percentile science scores of U.S. fourth-grade students: 1995, 2003, and 2007 • *p < .05. Percentile cutpoint score is significantly different from 2007 percentile cutpoint score. • 1 No fourth-grade assessment was conducted in 1999. 41

  42. TIMSS 2007 science scores defining 10th and 90th percentiles Grade 8 42 Percentile cutpoint score is higher than U.S. cutpoint score Percentile cutpoint score is not measurably different from U.S. cutpoint score Percentile cutpoint score is lower than U.S. cutpoint score

  43. Trends in 10th and 90th percentile science scores of U.S. eighth-grade students: 1995, 1999, 2003, and 2007 *p < .05. Percentile cutpoint score is significantly different from 2007 percentile cutpoint score. 43

  44. Average science scores of U.S. students, by grade and sex: 2007 *p < .05. Average score for males higher than average score for females. 44

  45. Average science scores of U.S. fourth-grade students compared with TIMSS scale average, by race/ethnicity: 2007 *p < .05. Average score significantly different from TIMSS scale average. 45

  46. Average science scores of U.S. eighth-grade students compared with TIMSS scale average, by race/ethnicity: 2007 *p < .05. Average score significantly different from TIMSS scale average. 46

  47. Average science scores of U.S. fourth-grade students compared with TIMSS scale average, by percentage of students in public school eligible for free or reduced-price lunch: 2007 *p < .05. Average score significantly different from TIMSS scale average. 47

  48. Average science scores of U.S. eighth-grade students compared with TIMSS scale average, by percentage of students in public school eligible for free or reduced-price lunch: 2007 *p < .05. Average score significantly different from TIMSS scale average. 48

  49. For More Information: TIMSS at NCES: http://nces.ed.gov/timss/ TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center at Boston College: http://timss.bc.edu/ Contact: Linda Marshall IES communications Linda.Marshall@ed.gov (202) 219-0361 49