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Auditing and Assessing the PMS – Government and Contractor Requirements. Presented by: Dr. Douglas Goetz, CPPM , CF Los Angeles Chapter 5 May 2010. TASKING. When the FAR rewrite started DAU was tasked to design, develop and write a DOD Property Guide….

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auditing and assessing the pms government and contractor requirements

Auditing and Assessing the PMS – Government and Contractor Requirements

Presented by:

Dr. Douglas Goetz, CPPM, CF

Los Angeles Chapter

5 May 2010

  • When the FAR rewrite started DAU was tasked to design, develop and write a DOD Property Guide….
  • What Professor Chuck Waszczak referred to as “The Property Book of Wisdom.”
  • Its foundation – the DOD Property Manual Rewrite team:
    • Team Members were from the Air Force, Army, DCMA, Navy, and NASA
      • The original rewrite died an ignominious death….
  • Last year OSD tasked DAU to create six guides:
    • Property Administrators
      • Finished in January 2010
      • Forwarded to OSD
      • Hopefully we will hear something soon…
    • Plant Clearance Officers
    • Program Managers
    • Procuring Contracting Officers
    • Administrative Contracting Officers
    • CORs/COTRs/TRCOs
  • One Chapter of the PA Guide got me thinking!
    • In the words of Lyle Hestermann, it caused me to go, “Hmmmmm?”
    • What were the FOUNDATIONAL ELEMENTS of an


    • What were the FOUNDATION ELEMENTS of an AUDIT?
    • And were/are we RIGOROUSLY applying those ELEMENTS?
some background far requirements
    • Requirement for a “SYSTEM”
      • 52.245-1(b) Property management.
        • (1) The Contractor shall have a system to manage (control, use, preserve, protect, repair and maintain) Government property in its possession.
    • Requirement for “ASSESSMENT”
      • 52.245-1 (f) Contractor Plans and Systems
        • (3) The Contractor shall establish and maintain procedures necessary to ASSESS its property management system effectiveness, and shall perform periodic internal REVIEWS and AUDITS.
    • Allowance to “AUDIT”
      • 52.245-1(g) SYSTEM ANALYSIS
        • (1) The Government shall have access to the contractor's premises and all Government property, at reasonable times, for the purposes of reviewing, inspecting and evaluating the Contractor's property management plan, systems, procedures, records
contractor requirement
Contractor Requirement
  • ASSESSMENT of their PMS
    • What methods can the contractor use… what exists out there today?




E 2452-05

Standard Practice for

Equipment Management

Process Maturity Model

Plus Others!!!

contractor requirement1
Contractor Requirement
  • There is no specific contractual requirement as to HOW the contractor is to “ASSESS,” “REVIEW” or “AUDIT” their PMS.
    • So long as they “assess” the outcomes/processes set forth in the GP Clause or other requirements.
  • Contractors should determine the APPROPRIATE methodology(ies) for their “environment.”
  • Ensure reliability, validity, and the ability to replicate the findings.
government system what is it a survey or analysis or
Government System “?????”What… Is it a survey or analysis or ???
  • As our profession has matured the underlying concepts – and their accompanying semantics become more critical.
  • The current perspective from DC (That 20 square miles of land surrounded by reality) is that our work, i.e., our reviews need more RIGORand CONSISTENCY.
  • Just listen to the Congressional Hearings on DCAA!
  • What does this mean? Next Slide!!!
government system
Government System “?”


Current Guidance

For DCMAers

Proposed Guidance

For All of DOD

Ye’ Really Olden Days!

Ye’ Recent Olden Days!





For the


Of Contract



ASPR Sup. 3

Property Control


Property Control


Property Management


Property Management


What do other Government agencies do/use???

audit requirements
  • If Property, within the Government, is going to use the term AUDIT – they open themselves to the requirements of the AUDIT PROFESSION!
  • IIA
  • GAGAS - (Generally Accepted Government Auditing Standards)

Are these VCSes/ILPs???

audit protocols
    • Since the FAR has moved to a PROCESS orientation it would be wise to view “Auditing” as a PROCESS.
    • And, since I am trying to move NPMA to a more RESEARCH based body… Thought it would be good to support my contentions based upon RESEARCH and not opinion.
    • So, think for a minute, looking at every reference I cited in earlier slides, are they not all based upon AUDIT PRINCIPLES and PRACTICES?
audit protocols1
  • The answer is yes!
  • So, what does that mean to every contractor and every Government Employee involved with either ASSESSING their PMS or ANALYZING a PMS?
  • The Answer…
    • We had best be well versed in AUDIT PROTOCOLS, METHODOLOGIES, and… WAIT FOR IT….


audit protocols regardless of which methodology you use audit process what are the steps
AUDIT PROTOCOLS(Regardless of which methodology you use)AUDIT PROCESS – what are the steps?
  • Audit Objectives
  • Define the attributes or transactions or characteristics
  • Define the Population
  • Specify the acceptance rejection rate
  • Sampling Methodology
  • Select Sample
  • Perform the Audit
  • Analyze Sample
  • Determine Status
  • Issue report


National Property Management Association,

Intermediate Studies Manual, Clearwater, FL.

2007. Pg. 7-2.

Please note that there are TONS of Texts

On the Auditing Process – encompassing


so how do i apply this let s see some examples
So, how do I apply this?Let’s see – Some Examples!
  • ASTM E 2452, 2005 Paragraph 8. Equipment Life-Cycle Phases
  • 8.1.6 Receiving
    • Identify and resolve shipping discrepancies
    • Record and post receipts
  • DoD Property Manual 4161.2-M (1991) App. A Function 3 – Receiving
    • Discrepancies
      • 2. Causes of discrepancies are investigated and documented. II
      • 3. Contractor initiates appropriate discrepancy reports….
    • Receiving Process
      • 3. Receiving reports are promptly prepared that document items and quantities received, etc., etc., etc.

Note: Neither of these documents

Tell you the specific data elements

Within each PROCESS. That is where


PROCEDURES are critical!

both of these items may apply steps within the audit process
Both of these items may apply steps within the AUDIT PROCESS.
  • For example:
    • What is your population?
    • What is your sample size?
    • What specific DATA ELEMENTS will you evaluate/test under this process:
      • Timeliness
      • Accuracy of data
      • Etc.
    • How will you EVALUATE the “maturity” or “adequacy” of the sample/population?
      • The EMPM uses maturity levels (1-5)
      • The DoD Property Manual uses Confidence rates, i.e., acceptance and rejection rates.

Both take into consideration issues of Materiality & Significance.

the issue
  • We in the property community, at least under DOD, have grown “comfortable” in doing our work ONE WAY, i.e., using the DoD Property Manual.
  • In today’s environment we need:
    • The ability to adapt and change!
    • The ability to think and analyze – creatively!
    • Most importantly – the ability to LEARN!
an interesting quote
An Interesting Quote
  • “There are known knowns. There are things we know that we know.

There are known unknowns. That is to say, there are things that we know we don't know.

But there are also unknown unknowns. There are things we don't know we don't know.”

      • Donald Rumsfeld
  • So, the concern is, what is the depth of your knowledge to properly apply an assessment or audit program/process?
are you as comfortable with the language of auditing and assessment as you are with property
Are you as comfortable with the Language of Auditing and Assessment as you are with Property?


Confidence Rates




Audit Evidence



well wait a minute doug this is all new it s different and it ain t easy
“Well, wait a minute Doug – this is all new, it’s different – and it ain’t easy!”
  • What to do?














Even your local colleges…

now if i were king of the forest and was to design a curriculum for the field
Now, if I were “King of the Forest” and was to design a curriculum for the Field…
  • Foundations in Statistics
  • Statistical Process Control (SPC)
    • Including Metrics
  • Auditing
    • With ALL of its embedded requirements
      • Just take a look at the AICPA SAS or the DCAA Manuals
  • Property Related Tools
      • Maturity Model Construct
      • AIA’s E-tools and Metrics
  • Auditing and Assessment -- Relationship(s) to VCSes

A few Tiny Questions - Why is it that DOD has just one two week on-line Property Audit

Course yet DCAA and QA have extensive training & education requirements in auditing?

And other Government agencies with Property responsibilities have NO training requirements….

And contractors, you’re not innocent either. What does YOUR company require/support?

what s the old adage
What’s the old adage?
  • “Jack of all trades and master of none.”
        • Anonymous
  • YES!!! We must have BREADTHto our knowledge and experience
  • But… we must also have DEPTHto our knowledge!
our challenge here
Our Challenge here…
  • Again, go out and learn – all that you can, such that you acquire and develop the knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform exceptional work in the area of PROPERTY Audits and Assessments.
thank you


Dr. Douglas N. Goetz, CPPM, CF


Recently Retired – now Rehired.

President of the newly incorporated GP Consultants.

Hopefully a Good NPMA Instructor.

Chief cook and bottle washer at Home, responsible for all “honeydue” requirements – though my wife has told me to stay out of HER house!

233 N. Maple Ave

Fairborn, OH 45324


1- 888-576-0200