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Gilded Age America. America’s Growing Pains. Westward Expansion. Frontier definition: less than 2 people per square mile west of line drawn from northern to southern boundary. Mining Frontier Cattle Frontier Farming Frontier End of the Frontier

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gilded age america

Gilded Age America

America’s Growing Pains

westward expansion
Westward Expansion
  • Frontier definition: less than 2 people per square mile west of line drawn from northern to southern boundary.
  • Mining Frontier
  • Cattle Frontier
  • Farming Frontier
  • End of the Frontier
  • http://www.clt.astate.edu/lsaunders/2773TransMississippi%20West_files/frame.htm
native american policy
Native American Policy
  • Sand Creek Massacre (extermination) November 28, 1864
  • Reservations (removal)
  • Dawes Severalty Act (assimilation) 1887
  • http://www.csulb.edu/projects/ais/
modern farming
Modern Farming
  • Mechanization
  • Decline of the Family Farm
  • Rise of Farm Revolts
    • The Grange
    • The Populists
  • Successes
    • Paper currency
    • Antitrust and Big Business Legislation
    • Direct election of Senators
    • Graduated Income Tax
    • Farm Subsidies
  • http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/populists.html
industrialization and urbanization
Industrialization and Urbanization
  • Social Darwinism
  • “Laissez-Faire”
  • Labor, Mechanization, and Transportation
  • Rise of Large Cities
  • http://library.thinkquest.org/C004367/eh4.shtml
  • http://oswego.org/staff/tcaswell/wq/gildedage/student.htm
railroads and national markets
Railroads And National Markets
  • Travel Before Railroads
  • Construction Issues
  • Backward Linkages
  • Forward Linkages
  • Other Benefits?
  • http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/rrhtml/rrintro.html
rise of big business
Rise of Big Business
  • Development of Trusts
    • Monopolies
    • Oligopolies
  • Integration
  • Mechanization
  • http://cse.stanford.edu/class/cs201/projects-95-96/corporate-monopolies/government_history.html
famous businessmen
Famous Businessmen
  • Andrew Carnegie
  • John Rockefeller
  • Cornelius Vanderbilt
  • Jay Gould
  • Robber Barons
  • Social Gospel
  • http://oswego.org/staff/tcaswell/wq/gildedage/resources.htm
labor issues
Labor Issues
  • Safety
  • Paternalism
  • Wages
  • Child and Female Labor
  • KoL-Terrence Powderly
  • AF of L-Samuel Gompers
  • IWW-Bill Haywood
  • http://www.geocities.com/CollegePark/Quad/6460/AmLabHist/
immigration
Immigration
  • “New” Immigrants
    • Foreign born population jumped from 4 million in 1860 to over 10 million by 1890.
    • Southern and eastern Europe, Asia
    • Language barriers greater
    • Larger cultural differences
    • Often came from rural areas
  • http://www.cis.org/topics/history.html
other domestic political issues
Other Domestic Political Issues
  • Political Machines
  • Civil Service Reforms
  • Tariff
  • Civil War Related issues
    • Battle Flags
    • Pensions
  • http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/us28.cfm
imperialism
Imperialism
  • Spanish-American War (1898-1899)
  • Hawaii (1899)
  • Samoa (1899)
  • Boxer Rebellion (1900)
    • Open Door Policy
  • Panama (1905)
  • http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/toc.html
leaders in imperialism
Leaders in Imperialism
  • Henry Cabot Lodge
  • Alfred Thayer Mahan
  • Theodore Roosevelt
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