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NHTSA Novice Driver Initiatives. Driver Education and Graduated Licensing. Thomas M. Louizou, Regional Administrator NHTSA Eastern Region May 10, 2007. Crash Rate by Driver Age. Crash involvement per million miles traveled. (2001-2002 GES data; IIHS, 2006).

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Nhtsa novice driver initiatives l.jpg

NHTSA Novice Driver Initiatives

Driver Education

and

Graduated Licensing

Thomas M. Louizou, Regional Administrator

NHTSA Eastern Region

May 10, 2007


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Crash Rate by Driver Age

Crash involvement per million miles traveled

(2001-2002 GES data; IIHS, 2006)


Driver death rates by age and passenger presence per 10 million trips 1992 97 l.jpg
Driver Death Rates by Age and Passenger Presenceper 10 Million Trips, 1992-97

Source: Chen et al. (2000)


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Fatal Crash Involvement, Day vs. Night

(IIHS, 2001-2002)



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Crash Rates are Highest …

  • During the first few months/miles of driving

  • At night

  • With teenage passengers

  • With alcohol


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Graduated Driver Licensing

  • 45 States, DC and PR

  • All have 3-stage systems with most model components, although none has all components

    • Detailed list of State laws can be found at www.iihs.org

  • Common restrictions include:

    • limiting passengers, nighttime driving and cell phone use

    • Safety belt requirements

    • Zero tolerance alcohol restrictions


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How Effective is GDL, and Why?

  • Expands the learning process

  • Reduces risk exposure

  • Improves driving proficiency

  • Enhances motivation for self-driving


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Driver Involvement Rates (Ages 15-17)

2001 - 2005

50.00

IIHS Rating of GDL Components

- Good

- Fair

- Marginal

- Poor

45.00

40.00

35.00

30.00

Drivers Involved in Fatal Crashes Per 100K Population

25.00

20.00

NJ

15.00

10.00

5.00

0.00

RI

HI

IN

MI

IL

ID

NJ

IA

CT

WI

FL

ME

NH

DC

ND

NC

UT

DE

NE

TX

NM

MN

SC

TN

MD

MT

MA

CO

LA

OH

CA

OR

OK

KS

PA

NY

SD

VT

GA

MO

NV

AL

MS

AR

AZ

AK

WA

KY

VA

WV

WY

NHTSA, NCSA Information Services Branch; U.S. Census Bureau; IIHS


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NHTSA Efforts

  • Will convene an expert working group to develop national standards on driver ed and a national conference to consider consensus recommendations

  • Continues to conduct extensive research into GDL, Driver Ed, and related issues


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NHTSA State-Specific Research

  • Oregon: GDL Program

  • Texas: Parent-Taught driver ed

    • Parent-taught drivers are at a greater risk for crashes/injuries

  • Wisconsin and Tennessee: GDL & belts

  • Massachusetts: PC-based risk awareness training

  • Georgia: TADRA Act

    • 16-year-old driver crash rates declined by 36.8% in 5+ years since enactment

  • Michigan: GDL Program

  • Arizona: Social Norms & Teen Belt Use


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Other NHTSA Research

  • Evaluation of passenger restrictions

  • National GDL evaluation

  • Process evaluation of Drivers Ed in the U.S.

  • Feasibility Study - Evaluating Driver Ed

  • Evaluation of “Driver’s Edge”

  • Next Generation Driver Ed


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Summary

  • Young driver fatal crash rates are very high

  • States vary widely with respect to crash rates and quality of laws

  • GDL laws are effective in reducing crashes

  • There is a relationship between low rates and strong laws

  • There is limited research on impact effectiveness of driver education

  • NHTSA has existing and planned products and activities to assist States


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For more information:

www.nhtsa.gov

region2@dot.gov

914-682-6162