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European research policy: new opportunities for 2007-2013 Torino, 16 June 2006. Patricia Postigo McLaughlin DG Research, Unit M3 Overview. The EU policy context: the Lisbon strategy The 7 th Framework Programme

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european research policy new opportunities for 2007 2013 torino 16 june 2006
European research policy:new opportunities for 2007-2013Torino, 16 June 2006

Patricia Postigo McLaughlin

DG Research, Unit M3

  • The EU policy context: the Lisbon strategy
  • The 7th Framework Programme
  • Support for clusters
  • Other opportunities
1 the eu policy context the 2000 lisbon strategy
1-The EU policy context: the 2000 Lisbon Strategy
  • European leaders agreed that Europe should become “the most competitive and dynamic knowledge society in the world” by 2010
    • Sustainable development, employment, cohesion, better governance, life-long learning and people mobility
    • “Open method of co-ordination and benchmarking” (as a continuous, mutual learning process)
  • Barcelona European Council confirmed RTDI as a top priority for the EU (March 2002): 3% GDP to be invested in research
why r d is central to the lisbon strategy
Why R&D is central to the Lisbon strategy

Today’s advanced economies are "knowledge-based":

  • Ever higher S&T content in products and services
  • Growth of information and knowledge flows around the globe

Increasing pace of trade liberalisation and flows of goods and services

  • World economies focus on more knowledge-intensive activities
  • research & innovation is a source of sustained competitive advantage
  • Growing concentration in a small number of global knowledge networks and hubs

Progress made since 2000?

  • Average EU R&D investment is now just reaching 2% of GDP, up from 1.9% in 2002
  • Still a far cry from US (circa 2.7%) and Japan (over 3%)
  • Italy (2002): 1,16%
  • France (2002): 2,30%
february 2005 lisbon relaunched
February 2005: Lisbon relaunched

In 2005 European leaders discuss midterm review of the Lisbon Strategy = relaunch

Objective: to revitalise the European economy:

  • More focus on growth and employent
  • Ownership through national reform plans
  • Simplification of reporting on progress
all policies to support lisbon the new regional policy
All policies to support Lisbon:the new regional policy
  • Structural funds need to be aligned with the Lisbon strategy: research and innovation become a priority
  • Structural funds planning is linked to national reform plans: how will member states use SF to support their national strategy for competitiveness?
  • Structural funds and Research funds need to work together
2 what is the framework programme
2 -What is theFramework Programme?
  • A set of guidelines on how EU research funds will be spent during a given financial period
  • It is normally divided in programmes. Some programmes are sector-specific (space…) and some are horizontal (research conferences, mobility of researchers…)
  • For each programme there are calls for proposals

The FP is managed by DG Research

  • The European Commission’s Directorate General for Research Policy
  • Over 1800 employees
  • It manages the European budget for financing research (17500 m€ 2000-6, 54.244? m€2007-13)
  • For each financial period, it proposes European leaders the guidelines for the expenditure of the research Budget: the Framework Programme
  • Focus on European added value: the European Research Area
  • EU does some research of its own at the JRC (a different directorate, under the same commissioner)

The new Framework Programme: continuity

  • Collaborative research as main pillar
  • Thematic areas for collaborative research
  • Marie Curie grants (reinforced)
  • SME-specific actions
  • Schemes, call for tenders, independent evaluation, reporting, impact assessment

The new Framework Programme: novelties

  • Duration: From 4 to 7 years
  • Increased annual budget: from 4800 m€/year to 7750 m€/year
  • Basic research (European ResearchCouncil)
  • Joint Technology Initiatives
  • Schemes targeting regions (support for clusters)
  • Funding for new infrastructures
  • Simplification

The new Framework Programme: structure

Cooperation – Collaborative research

Ideas – Frontier Research

People – Human Potential

Capacities – Research Capacity


JRC (non-nuclear)

JRC (nuclear)



3- The new FP will support clusters

  • Globalisation means new challenges for regional development: regional disparity, international hubs, delocalisation
  • But regions are also engines of economic growth and proximity is the condition for the development of clusters
  • Support for clusters in the context of using research for regional development > capacity > absorption capacity

R&D Expenditure1.93% of GDPEU-25Average 2003

Regional R&D map is even more spatialy uneven


Potential role for regions

  • Regional level is appropriate level for business/ research linkage
  • Regions investing in RTD tend to achieve higher economic performance
  • Regions can become key contributors to the delivery the 3 % target
  • Need for different regional actors to engage development of the knowledge-based economy
  • Facilitate exchange of experience / networking at regional and trans-national level
  • Key level for exploiting the synergies between FP and SF

Research challenge

for regions

Traditionally not the “natural home” for regional economic development

Research is a long term game

Limited regional competence / budget

Lack of political awareness at regional level

Limited research potential in region lack of cooperation

Weak linkage between Universities, Business and Government

Low trust between research and business communities

Low business density

Lack of demand for R&D results

regions of knowledge
Regions of Knowledge
  • Pilot Action in 2003 (outside FP6)

Give regions an opportunity to get more involved in RTDI policy

      • to take stock of their situation
      • compare their situation to others – learn from others
      • and plan future actions – find ways to fund RTDI
  • Second call for proposals in 2004 (FP6)
the future of regions of knowledge
The future of Regions of Knowledge
  • It will become a scheme of its own in 2007
  • Focus: Maintaining and developing regional research-intensive clusters
    • Details to be defined: internal discussion, expert groups, consultation
    • Some elements of the scheme: exchanges of staff, coordination of research agendas, internationalisation of activities…
    • Goal: to maximise the potential of regions for a successful involvement in EU research projects
4 other funding opportunities
4- Other funding opportunities


  • Research is a priority for Structural Funds in 2007-13: you can develop a regional research strategy using both Structural Funds / Pre-accession Aid and research funds
  • BUT research funds are not ‘distributed’ like Structural Funds. Applicants compete in calls for proposals.
  • Research funds finance research activities (but you can outsource them - SME projects)
  • Perhaps you need funds for INNOVATION actions (there is a framework programme for that, the CIP, managed by the European Commission’s DG Enterprise)
one last word on sme support
One last word on SME support
  • Simplification (including principle of collective financial responsibility)
  • Funding rate of 75% for SMEs, rather than 50% currently applicable in FP6
  • Two specific schemes: Research for SMEs / Research for SME associations
  • SMEs will be encouraged to partake in all four programmes not just the activities dedicated to them
  • FP7 will be complemented by the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme

If you think it is too complex…